Data show enhanced anti-tumor activity of AL102 over time
Registration-enabling Phase 3 segment of RINGSIDE is enrolling patients globally
Company to host conference call and webcast to discuss updated Phase 2 results on Wednesday, June 7
REHOVOT, Israel and MONMOUTH JUNCTION, N.J., June 05, 2023 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Ayala Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (OTCQX: ADXS), a clinical-stage oncology company, today announced further results from the Phase 2 (Part A) segment of the RINGSIDE study evaluating AL102 in desmoid tumors. The results were presented in a Poster Discussion Session at the 2023 American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Annual Meeting on Saturday, June 3. AL102 is a once-daily, potent, selective, oral gamma-secretase inhibitor (GSI).
“Gamma secretase inhibitors are emerging as a promising new drug class for the management of desmoid tumors with the potential for tumor regression, good tolerability, and symptomatic improvement,” said Dr. Mrinal M. Gounder, Medical Oncologist at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York. “These latest data from the Phase 2 segment of RINGSIDE demonstrate that AL102 is active in desmoid tumors. Responses to treatment were seen in all dose groups, with a higher and more rapid response in the 1.2 mg once-daily dosing group. Most responses were maintained and deepened with time across all the parameters measured, including centrally determined volume, T2 and RECIST-criteria, with a manageable safety profile that is typical for the class. AL102 has potential to be a valuable addition to our treatment armamentarium for desmoid tumor patients,” he concluded.
RINGSIDE Poster Highlights
The ongoing Phase 2/3 RINGSIDE clinical trial is a randomized, global multi-center study evaluating AL102 in patients with progressing desmoid tumors. The study consists of two parts: Phase 2 (Part A) is an open-label, dose regimen-finding study; Phase 3 (Part B) is a double blind, placebo-controlled study utilizing the 1.2 mg once daily dose regimen selected based on data from Phase 2. The study also includes an open label extension enrolling patients who were on active drug at the end of Phase 2, as well as crossover patients from Phase 3.
In the Phase 2 segment of RINGSIDE, Patients were randomized to one of three dose regimens of AL102 (n=14 each): either 1.2 mg once-daily (QD), 4 mg twice a week (BIW) or 2 mg BIW. Enrollment of all 42 patients into Phase 2 was completed as of March 2022. As of January 3, 2023, median time on study was 10.3 months (range 0.8 – 14.7) and 30 patients were still on study,10 of whom rolled over to the open label extension.
Best overall responses for the three dose arms, as determined by per blinded independent central review (BICR), are summarized in the table below:
|Evaluable population||1.2 mg QD||4 mg BIW||2 mg BIW|
|ORR (CR + PR), n (%)||6 (50)||3 (23.1)||5 (45.5)|
|Complete Response (CR)||0||0||0|
|Partial Response (PR)||6 (50)||3 (23.1)||5 (45.5)|
|Stable Disease (SD)||6 (50)||10 (76.9)||4 (36.4)|
|Progressive Disease (PD)||0||0||2 (18.1)|
|Disease Control Rate||100%||100%||81.90%|
|Time to objective response (months), median (range)||6.7||9.8||9.2|
In the intention-to-treat (ITT) population, partial responses were observed in 43% of patients (i.e., 6/14) in the 1.2 mg QD group, 21.4% of patients (3/14) in the 4 mg BIW group, and 36% (5/14) in the 2 mg BIW group.
As shown in the next table, there was a consistent pattern of deeper, more rapid and persistent tumor responses as measured by volume reduction, T2W signal intensity and RECIST with AL102 1.2 mg daily than with intermittent doses. The decrease in T2W, as measured by MRI, reflects a decrease in tumor cellularity and is considered a strong indicator of anti-tumor activity in desmoid tumors. Tumor volume shrinkage consistently deepens over time and some patients who may not have had PRs by RECIST early in treatment may evolve to PRs with longer follow-up.
|Median % Change from Baseline|
|Study Visit ||1.2 mg QD||4 mg BIW||2 mg BIW|
|T2W Signal Intensity (cellularity)|
|RECIST (sum of diameters)|
AL102 was generally well tolerated with a manageable safety profile across all dose arms. The safety profile was consistent with the GSI class of drugs. Regardless of dose regimen, adverse events (AEs) were predominantly Grade 1 (~70%) or Grade 2 (~20%). There were no Grade 4 or Grade 5 related AEs. Serious AEs were reported in 6 of 42 patients (14%) and assessed as unrelated to AL102 by investigators. There were no new safety signals.
Discontinuation due to AEs occurred in 6 of 42 (14%) patients. These were due to Grade 2 rash, keratitis, stomatitis, diarrhea, ALT elevation. All occurred within 3 months of treatment initiation.
Ovarian dysfunction was reported in 11 of 23 (48%) women of childbearing potential across all dose arms, but in only 3 of 9 (33%) women who received the 1.2 mg once-daily dose.
A copy of the poster can be found on the Ayala corporate website here.
Conference Call and Webcast
There will be a conference call and webcast with slides at 10:00 a.m. Eastern Time on Wednesday, June 7, during which Ayala management will discuss the latest RINGSIDE data presented at ASCO and respond to questions.
|Int’l Investors Dial:||1-201-689-8470|
|Investors in Israel Dial:||1-809-406-247|
Participants can use Guest dial-in numbers above and be answered by an operator OR click the Call me™ link for instant telephone access to the event. The Call me™ link will be made active 15 minutes prior to scheduled start time.
The webcast will also be archived for a period of 90 days on the Investor Relations web pages of Ayala (https://ir.ayalapharma.com/news-events/events-presentations).
MSK Disclosure: Dr. Gounder has financial interests related to Ayala Pharmaceuticals
About Desmoid Tumors
Desmoid tumors, also called aggressive fibromatosis or desmoid-type fibromatosis, are rare connective tissue tumors that typically arise in the upper and lower extremities, abdominal wall, head and neck area, mesenteric root, and chest wall, or other parts of the body. Desmoid tumors do not metastasize, but often aggressively infiltrate neurovascular structures and vital organs. People living with desmoid tumors are often limited in their daily life due to chronic pain, functional deficits, general decrease in their quality of life and organ dysfunction. Desmoid tumors have an annual incidence of approximately 1,700 patients in the United States and typically occur in patients between the ages of 15 and 60 years. They are most commonly diagnosed in young adults between 30-40 years of age and are more prevalent in females. Today, surgery is no longer regarded as the cornerstone treatment of desmoid tumors due to surgical morbidity and a high rate of recurrence post-surgery. There are currently no FDA-approved systemic therapies for the treatment of unresectable, recurrent or progressive desmoid tumors.
AL102 is an investigational small molecule gamma secretase inhibitor (GSI) that is designed to potently and selectively inhibit Notch 1, 2, 3 and 4, and is currently being evaluated in the Phase 2/3 RINGSIDE clinical studies in patients with progressing desmoid tumors. AL102 is designed to inhibit the expression of Notch gene targets by blocking the final cleavage step by the gamma secretase required for Notch activation. Ayala obtained an exclusive, worldwide license to develop and commercialize AL102 from Bristol-Myers Squibb Company in November 2017. AL102 was granted U.S. FDA Fast Track Designation for the treatment of DT.
About Ayala Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Ayala Pharmaceuticals, Inc. is a clinical-stage oncology company primarily focused on developing and commercializing small molecule therapeutics for people living with rare tumors and aggressive cancers and is also developing proprietary Lm-based antigen delivery products for patients suffering from more common cancers. The Company’s lead candidates under development are the oral gamma secretase inhibitor, AL102, for desmoid tumors; ADXS-504, a Lm-based therapy for early-stage prostate cancer; and the intravenous gamma secretase inhibitor, AL101, for adenoid cystic carcinoma. AL102 has received Fast Track Designation from the U.S. FDA and is currently in the Phase 3 segment of a pivotal study for patients with desmoid tumors (RINGSIDE). For more information, visit www.ayalapharma.com.
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