Document
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
[ x ]
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
 
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2016
 
 
[ ]
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
 
For the transition period from _____________ to _____________

Commission File Number 001-10822
National Health Investors, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Maryland
 
62-1470956
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
 
222 Robert Rose Drive, Murfreesboro, Tennessee
 
37129
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
(615) 890-9100
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes [ x ] No [ ]

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files) Yes [ x ] No [ ]

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definition of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer          [ x ]
 
Accelerated filer                      [ ]
Non-accelerated filer            [ ]
 
Smaller reporting company     [ ]
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes [ ] No [ x ]

There were 39,847,860 shares of common stock outstanding of the registrant as of November 3, 2016.



Table of Contents

 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

NATIONAL HEALTH INVESTORS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 
September 30,
2016
 
December 31,
2015
 
(unaudited)
 
 
Assets:
 
 
 
Real estate properties:
 
 
 
Land
$
164,279

 
$
137,532

Buildings and improvements
2,204,625

 
1,945,323

Construction in progress
24,772

 
13,011

 
2,393,676

 
2,095,866

Less accumulated depreciation
(297,193
)
 
(259,059
)
Real estate properties, net
2,096,483

 
1,836,807

Mortgage and other notes receivable, net
183,993

 
133,714

Cash and cash equivalents
4,197

 
13,286

Marketable securities
23,871

 
72,744

Straight-line rent receivable
66,904

 
59,777

Other assets
12,322

 
15,544

Assets held for sale, net

 
1,346

Total Assets
$
2,387,770

 
$
2,133,218

 
 
 
 
Liabilities and Equity:
 
 
 
Debt
$
1,086,018

 
$
914,443

Accounts payable and accrued expenses
36,090

 
19,397

Dividends payable
35,863

 
32,637

Lease deposit liabilities
21,275

 
21,275

Real estate purchase liabilities
750

 
750

Deferred income
784

 
2,256

Total Liabilities
1,180,780

 
990,758

 
 
 
 
Commitments and Contingencies

 

 
 
 
 
National Health Investors Stockholders' Equity:
 
 
 
Common stock, $.01 par value; 60,000,000 shares authorized;
 
 
 
39,847,860 and 38,396,727 shares issued and outstanding, respectively
398

 
384

Capital in excess of par value
1,173,588

 
1,085,136

Cumulative net income in excess of dividends
24,548

 
19,862

Accumulated other comprehensive income
8,456

 
27,910

Total National Health Investors Stockholders' Equity
1,206,990

 
1,133,292

Noncontrolling interest

 
9,168

Total Equity
1,206,990

 
1,142,460

Total Liabilities and Equity
$
2,387,770

 
$
2,133,218


The accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements. The Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet at December 31, 2015 was derived from the audited consolidated financial statements at that date.


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NATIONAL HEALTH INVESTORS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30,
 
September 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
(unaudited)
 
(unaudited)
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rental income
$
59,272

 
$
54,459

 
$
171,374

 
$
159,624

Interest income from mortgage and other notes
3,591

 
2,507

 
9,915

 
7,149

Investment income and other
388

 
1,255

 
2,184

 
3,512

 
63,251

 
58,221

 
183,473

 
170,285

Expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Depreciation
15,240

 
13,485

 
43,668

 
39,502

Interest, including amortization of debt discount and issuance costs
10,816

 
9,772

 
31,745

 
27,471

Legal
156

 
117

 
406

 
295

Franchise, excise and other taxes
271

 
214

 
826

 
658

General and administrative
2,169

 
1,691

 
7,218

 
8,050

Loan and realty losses (recoveries)
1,131

 

 
15,856

 
(491
)
 
29,783

 
25,279

 
99,719

 
75,485

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income before equity-method investee, TRS tax benefit, investment and
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
other gains and noncontrolling interest
33,468

 
32,942

 
83,754

 
94,800

Loss from equity-method investee
(754
)
 
(252
)
 
(1,214
)
 
(765
)
Income tax (expense) benefit attributable to taxable REIT subsidiary
(933
)
 
100

 
(749
)
 
306

Investment and other gains
1,657

 
1,187

 
29,737

 
1,187

Net income
33,438

 
33,977

 
111,528

 
95,528

Less: net income attributable to noncontrolling interest
(406
)
 
(377
)
 
(1,176
)
 
(1,062
)
Net income attributable to common stockholders
$
33,032

 
$
33,600

 
$
110,352

 
$
94,466

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
39,283,919

 
37,566,221

 
38,735,262

 
37,563,503

Diluted
39,651,900

 
37,583,141

 
38,876,025

 
37,611,841

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per common share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income attributable to common stockholders - basic
$
.84

 
$
.89

 
$
2.85

 
$
2.51

Net income attributable to common stockholders - diluted
$
.83

 
$
.89

 
$
2.84

 
$
2.51



The accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

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NATIONAL HEALTH INVESTORS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(in thousands)

 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30,
 
September 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
(unaudited)
 
(unaudited)
Net income
$
33,438

 
$
33,977

 
$
111,528

 
$
95,528

Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Change in unrealized gains on securities
119

 
462

 
7,576

 
(378
)
Reclassification for amounts recognized in investment and other gains

 
(61
)
 
(23,498
)
 
(61
)
Increase (decrease) in fair value of cash flow hedge
1,287

 
(5,266
)
 
(6,525
)
 
(8,227
)
Reclassification for amounts recognized as interest expense
(975
)
 
1,185

 
2,993

 
3,318

Total other comprehensive income (loss)
431

 
(3,680
)
 
(19,454
)
 
(5,348
)
Comprehensive income
33,869

 
30,297

 
92,074

 
90,180

Less: comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest
(406
)
 
(377
)
 
(1,176
)
 
(1,062
)
Comprehensive income attributable to common stockholders
$
33,463

 
$
29,920

 
$
90,898

 
$
89,118



The accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

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NATIONAL HEALTH INVESTORS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands)
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
(unaudited)
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
111,528

 
$
95,528

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation
43,668

 
39,502

Amortization
2,663

 
2,589

Straight-line rental income
(16,583
)
 
(18,492
)
Non-cash interest income on construction loans
(668
)
 

Non-cash write-offs due to lease transitions
15,856

 

Gain on sale of real estate
(4,582
)
 
(1,126
)
Gain on sale of equity-method investee
(1,657
)
 

Gain on sale of marketable securities
(23,498
)
 
(61
)
Loan recovery

 
(491
)
Share-based compensation
1,481

 
1,930

Amortization of commitment fees and note receivable discounts
(303
)
 

Loss from equity-method investee
1,214

 
765

Change in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Other assets
34

 
(693
)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
1,637

 
(56
)
Deferred income
(1,474
)
 
1,401

Net cash provided by operating activities
129,316

 
120,796

 
 
 
 
Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Investments in mortgage and other notes receivable
(75,522
)
 
(73,092
)
Collections of mortgage and other notes receivable
16,461

 
19,128

Investments in real estate
(288,965
)
 
(104,066
)
Investments in real estate development
(24,499
)
 
(8,807
)
Investments in renovations of existing real estate
(913
)
 
(2,757
)
Payment allocated to lease purchase option
(6,400
)
 

Long-term escrow deposit
(4,500
)
 

Proceeds from disposition of real estate properties
27,723

 
9,593

Purchases of marketable securities

 
(2,495
)
Proceeds from sales of marketable securities
56,449

 
3,750

Net cash used in investing activities
(300,166
)
 
(158,746
)
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Net change in borrowings under revolving credit facilities
94,600

 
(157,000
)
Proceeds from issuance of secured debt

 
78,084

Borrowings on term loans
75,000

 
225,000

Payments on term loans
(573
)
 
(554
)
Debt issuance costs
(114
)
 
(2,362
)
Equity offering costs

 
(275
)
Taxes remitted in relation to employee stock options exercised
(1,135
)
 

Proceeds from issuance of common shares, net
104,190

 
1

Distributions to noncontrolling interest
(1,305
)
 
(1,308
)
Distribution to acquire non-controlling interest
(6,462
)
 

Dividends paid to stockholders
(102,440
)
 
(92,726
)
Net cash provided by financing activities
161,761

 
48,860

 
 
 
 
Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
(9,089
)
 
10,910

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
13,286

 
3,287

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
4,197

 
$
14,197


The accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

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NATIONAL HEALTH INVESTORS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (CONTINUED)
(in thousands)

 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
(unaudited)
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
 
 
 
Interest paid, net of amounts capitalized
$
27,395

 
$
21,029

Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities:
 
 
 
Change in accounts payable related to acquisition of non-controlling interest
$
10,546

 
$

Contingent consideration in asset acquisition
$

 
$
750

Change in accounts payable related to investments in real estate development
$
980

 
$
686

Conversion of note balance into real estate investment
$
9,753

 
$
255

Transfer of lease escrow deposit to marketable securities
$

 
$
21,277



The accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

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NATIONAL HEALTH INVESTORS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY
(unaudited, in thousands except share and per share amounts)

 
Common Stock
 
Capital in Excess of Par Value
 
Cumulative Net Income in Excess of Dividends
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income
 
Total National Health Investors Stockholders’ Equity
 
Noncontrolling Interest
 
Total Equity
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balances at December 31, 2015
38,396,727

 
$
384

 
$
1,085,136

 
$
19,862

 
$
27,910

 
$
1,133,292

 
$
9,168

 
$
1,142,460

Total comprehensive income

 

 

 
110,352

 
(19,454
)
 
90,898

 
1,176

 
92,074

Distributions to noncontrolling interest

 

 
(16,069
)
 

 

 
(16,069
)
 
(10,344
)
 
(26,413
)
Issuance of common stock, net
1,395,642

 
14

 
104,176

 

 

 
104,190

 

 
104,190

Taxes remitted on employee stock options exercised

 

 
(1,133
)
 

 

 
(1,133
)
 

 
(1,133
)
Shares issued on stock options exercised, net of shares withheld
55,491

 

 
(3
)
 

 

 
(3
)
 

 
(3
)
Share-based compensation

 

 
1,481

 

 

 
1,481

 

 
1,481

Dividends declared, $2.70 per common share

 

 

 
(105,666
)
 

 
(105,666
)
 

 
(105,666
)
Balances at September 30, 2016
39,847,860

 
$
398

 
$
1,173,588

 
$
24,548

 
$
8,456

 
$
1,206,990

 
$

 
$
1,206,990





The accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

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NATIONAL HEALTH INVESTORS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
September 30, 2016
(unaudited)

NOTE 1. SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

We, the management of National Health Investors, Inc., (“NHI” or the “Company”) believe that the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of which these notes are an integral part include all normal, recurring adjustments that are necessary to fairly present the condensed consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows of NHI in all material respects. The Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet at December 31, 2015 has been derived from the audited consolidated financial statements at that date. We assume that users of these condensed consolidated financial statements have read or have access to the audited December 31, 2015 consolidated financial statements and Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and that the adequacy of additional disclosure needed for a fair presentation, except in regard to material contingencies, may be determined in that context. Accordingly, footnotes and other disclosures which would substantially duplicate those contained in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015 have been omitted. This condensed consolidated financial information is not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for a full year for a variety of reasons including, but not limited to, acquisitions and dispositions, changes in interest rates, rents and the timing of debt and equity financings. For a better understanding of NHI and its condensed consolidated financial statements, we recommend reading these condensed consolidated financial statements in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2015, which are included in our 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, a copy of which is available at our web site: www.nhireit.com.

Principles of Consolidation - The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include our accounts and the accounts of our wholly-owned subsidiaries, joint ventures, partnerships and consolidated variable interest entities (“VIE”) where NHI controls the operating activities of the VIE, if any. All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation. Net income is reduced by the portion of net income attributable to noncontrolling interests.

A VIE is broadly defined as an entity with one or more of the following characteristics: (a) the total equity investment at risk is insufficient to finance the entity’s activities without additional subordinated financial support; (b) as a group, the holders of the equity investment at risk lack (i) the ability to make decisions about the entity’s activities through voting or similar rights, (ii) the obligation to absorb the expected losses of the entity, or (iii) the right to receive the expected residual returns of the entity; or (c) the equity investors have voting rights that are not proportional to their economic interests, and substantially all of the entity’s activities either involve, or are conducted on behalf of, an investor that has disproportionately few voting rights.

We apply Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) guidance for our arrangements with VIEs which requires us to identify entities for which control is achieved through means other than voting rights and to determine which business enterprise is the primary beneficiary of the VIE. In accordance with FASB guidance, management must evaluate each of the Company’s contractual relationships which creates a variable interest in other entities. If the Company has a variable interest and the entity is a VIE, then management must determine whether or not the Company is the primary beneficiary of the VIE. If it is determined that the Company is the primary beneficiary, NHI consolidates the VIE. We identify the primary beneficiary of a VIE as the enterprise that has both: (i) the power to direct the activities of the VIE that most significantly impact the entity’s economic performance; and (ii) the obligation to absorb losses or the right to receive benefits of the VIE that could be significant to the entity. We perform this analysis on an ongoing basis.

At September 30, 2016, we held an interest in seven unconsolidated VIEs and, because we generally lack either directly or through related parties any material input in the activities that most significantly impact their economic performance, we have concluded that NHI is not the primary beneficiary. Accordingly, we account for our transactions with these entities and their subsidiaries at amortized cost.











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Our VIEs are summarized below by date of initial involvement. For further discussion of the nature of the relationships, including the sources of our exposure to these VIEs, see the notes to our condensed consolidated financial statements cross-referenced below.
Date
Name
Classification
Carrying Amount
Maximum Exposure to Loss
Sources of Exposure
2012
Bickford Senior Living
Notes and straight-line receivable
$
5,095,000

$
17,595,000

Notes 2, 4
2012
Sycamore Street
N/A
$

$
3,930,000

Note 4
2014
Senior Living Communities
Notes and straight-line receivable
$
24,256,000

$
43,136,000

Notes 4, 12
2014
Life Care Services affiliate
Notes receivable
$
127,324,000

$
154,500,000

Note 4
2015
East Lake Capital Mgmt.
Straight-line receivable
$
1,236,000

$
1,236,000

Note 2
2016
The Ensign Group developer
N/A
$

$

Note 2
2016
Senior Living Management
Notes and straight-line receivable
$
13,665,000

$
25,670,000

Note 4
 
We are not obligated to provide support beyond our stated commitments to these tenants and borrowers whom we classify as VIEs, and accordingly our maximum exposure to loss as a result of these relationships is limited to the amount of our commitments, as shown above and discussed in the notes. When the above relationships involve leases, some additional exposure to economic loss is present and unquantifiable beyond that tabulated above, where we quantify potential accounting loss for those assets in which NHI has some basis. Generally, additional economic loss on a lease, if any, would be limited to that resulting from a short period of arrearage and non-payment of monthly rent before we are able to take effective remedial action, as well as costs incurred in transitioning the lease. The potential extent of such loss will be dependent upon individual facts and circumstances, cannot be quantified, and is therefore not included in the tabulation above. Typically, the only carrying amounts involving our leases are accumulated straight-line receivables.

We apply FASB guidance related to investments in joint ventures based on the type of controlling rights held by the members’ interests in limited liability companies that may preclude consolidation by the majority equity owner in certain circumstances in which the majority equity owner would otherwise consolidate the joint venture.

We have structured our joint ventures to be compliant with the provisions of the REIT Investment Diversification and Empowerment Act of 2007 ("RIDEA") which permits NHI to receive rent payments through a triple-net lease between a property company and an operating company and allows NHI the opportunity to capture additional value on the improving performance of the operating company through distributions to a taxable REIT subsidiary (“TRS”). Accordingly, through September 30, 2016, our TRS held NHI’s equity interest in an unconsolidated operating company, which we did not control, thus providing an organizational structure that allowed the TRS to engage in a broad range of activities and share in revenues that were otherwise non-qualifying income under the REIT gross income tests.

Marketable Securities. - Investments in marketable debt and equity securities must be categorized as trading, available-for-sale or held-to-maturity. Our investments in marketable equity securities are classified as available-for-sale securities. Unrealized gains and losses on available-for-sale securities are recorded in other comprehensive income. We evaluate our securities for other-than-temporary impairments on at least a quarterly basis. Realized gains and losses from the sale of available-for-sale securities are determined on a specific-identification basis.

A decline in the market value of any available-for-sale or held-to-maturity security below cost that is deemed to be other-than-temporary results in an impairment to reduce the carrying amount to fair value. The impairment is charged to earnings and a new cost basis for the security is established. To determine whether an impairment is other-than-temporary, we consider whether we have the ability and intent to hold the investment until a market price recovery and consider whether evidence indicating the cost of the investment is recoverable outweighs evidence to the contrary. Evidence considered in this assessment includes the reasons for the impairment, the severity and duration of the impairment, changes in value subsequent to period-end and forecasted performance of the investment.

Equity-Method Investment - For the periods ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, we reported our TRS’ investment in an unconsolidated entity, over whose operating and financial policies we had the ability to exercise significant influence but not control, under the equity method of accounting. Under this accounting method, our pro rata share of the entity’s earnings or losses is included in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income. Additionally, we adjusted our investment carrying amount to reflect our share of changes in the equity-method investee’s capital resulting from its capital transactions.

Noncontrolling Interest - We present the portion of any equity that we do not own in entities that we control (and thus consolidate) as noncontrolling interest and classify such interest as a component of consolidated equity separate from total NHI stockholders’

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equity in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. In addition, we exclude net income attributable to the noncontrolling interest from net income attributable to common shareholders in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income.

Use of Estimates - The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Earnings Per Share - The weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the reporting period is used to calculate basic earnings per common share. Diluted earnings per common share assume the exercise of stock options using the treasury stock method, to the extent dilutive. Diluted earnings per share also incorporate the potential dilutive impact of our 3.25% convertible senior notes due 2021. We apply the treasury stock method to our convertible debt instruments, the effect of which is that conversion will not be assumed for purposes of computing diluted earnings per share unless the average share price for the period exceeds the conversion price per share.

Reclassifications - We have reclassified, for all periods presented, certain loan commitment fees paid by our borrowers, which were previously accounted for on our Consolidated Balance Sheet at December 31, 2015, as deferred revenues. The fees are included in our consolidated balance sheets as a reduction of the related loan receivable balance. The effect has been to reduce total assets and total liabilities by $1,317,000 on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2015. See Note 13 for a description of recent accounting pronouncements which require reclassification of items previously presented. Where necessary to conform the presentation of prior periods to the current period, we have reclassified certain balances.
New Accounting Pronouncements - For a review of recent accounting pronouncements pertinent to our operations and management’s judgment as to the impact that the eventual adoption of these pronouncements will have on our financial position and results of operation, see Note 13.

NOTE 2. REAL ESTATE

As of September 30, 2016, we owned 196 health care real estate properties located in 32 states and consisting of 124 senior housing communities, 67 skilled nursing facilities, 3 hospitals and 2 medical office buildings. Our senior housing properties include assisted living facilities, senior living campuses, independent living facilities, and entrance-fee communities. These investments (excluding our corporate office of $1,152,000) consisted of properties with an original cost of approximately $2,392,524,000, rented under triple-net leases to 27 lessees.

During the nine months ended September 30, 2016, we made investments and commitments related to real estate as described below (dollars in thousands):
Operator
 
Properties
 
Asset Class
 
Amount
The Ensign Group
 
8
 
SNF
 
$
118,500

Bickford Senior Living
 
5
 
SHO
 
89,900

Watermark Retirement Communities / East Lake Capital Mgmt.
 
2
 
SHO
 
66,300

Chancellor Health Care
 
2
 
SHO
 
36,650

Marathon/Village Concepts
 
1
 
SHO
 
9,813

 
 
 
 
 
 
$
321,163


Bickford

On September 30, 2016, NHI and Sycamore Street, LLC (“Sycamore”), an affiliate of Bickford Senior Living (“Bickford”), entered into a definitive agreement terminating their joint venture consisting of the ownership and operation of 32 stabilized properties and converting Bickford’s participation to a triple-net tenancy with assumption of existing leases and terms. During the period ended September 30, 2016, we owned an 85% equity interest and Sycamore owned a 15% equity interest in our consolidated subsidiary (“PropCo”) which owns 32 assisted living/memory care facilities, one new facility and four facilities in development. The facilities have been leased to an operating company (“OpCo”), in which we previously held a non-controlling 85% ownership interest. The facilities are managed by Bickford. Our joint venture was structured to comply with the provisions of RIDEA.


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According to provisions of the unwinding, NHI agreed to redeem Bickford’s 15% interest in the real estate underlying the joint venture (PropCo) for a distribution to Bickford of $25,100,000, before the offset by Bickford of $8,100,000 payable to NHI in acquisition of our non-controlling 85% interest in senior housing operations (OpCo), which we have carried on our balance sheet as an equity-method investment through September 30, 2016. A remaining distribution of $10,546,000 related to the unwinding transaction is recorded in our accounts payable at September 30, 2016. See Note 3 for discussion of the disposition of our equity-method investment in OpCo in conjunction with the unwinding.

No gain or loss was recognized on our acquisition of Bickford’s 15% interest in PropCo, which has previously been consolidated. Rather, Bickford’s non-controlling interest was de-recognized, and the difference between the fair value of NHI’s cost allocated to the redemption and the carrying amount for Bickford’s non-controlling interest was recorded as an adjustment to equity through additional-paid-in capital.

Provisions governing details of the unwinding reach to our various arrangements with Bickford and include, but are not limited to, the following:

For the 32 stabilized facilities previously owned by the joint venture, forward annual contractual rent is unchanged at $26,260,000 plus annual escalators of 3%.

For the five additional facilities under development owned by NHI, of which one opened in July 2016, two opened in October 2016, and two are planned to open in the first half of 2017, funded amounts will be added to the lease basis during construction and up to the first six months after opening; thereafter, base rent will be charged to Bickford at a 9% annual rate. Once the facilities are stabilized, rent will be reset to fair market value.

Future development projects between the parties will be funded through a construction loan at 9% annual interest. NHI has a purchase option at stabilization, whereby rent will be set based on our total investment with a floor of 9.55% on NHI’s total investment.

On current and future development projects, Bickford as the operator will be entitled to incentive payments based on the achievement of predetermined operational milestones, the funding of which will increase the investment base for determining the NHI lease payment.

On June 1, 2016, in an asset acquisition, we acquired five assisted living and memory care facilities owned by Sycamore and operated by Bickford for $87,500,000, including $77,747,000 in cash and cancellation of notes and accrued interest receivable totaling $9,753,000 (Note 4). Additionally, we have committed $2,400,000 for capital expenditures and expansion of the existing facilities, the funding of which will be added to the lease base. The lease provides for an initial rate of 7.25% and term of 15 years plus two five-year renewal options. The annual lease escalator is 3%. NHI’s purchase option on an additional Bickford facility was relinquished. The facilities, consisting of 277 total units, are located in Iowa (2), Missouri, Illinois, and Nebraska. The facilities were not included in the RIDEA joint venture between the parties.

Of our total revenues, $8,528,000 (13%) and $6,150,000 (11%) were recognized as rental income from Bickford for the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively, and $21,999,000 (12%) and $17,844,000 (10%) for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

Watermark Retirement / East Lake Capital

On June 1, 2016, NHI acquired two entrance fee continuing care retirement communities (“CCRCs”) from funds managed by certain affiliates of East Lake Capital Management (“East Lake”) for $56,300,000 in cash, inclusive of a $4,500,000 regulatory deposit, and entered into a lease transaction with affiliates of East Lake. We accounted for the purchase as an asset acquisition. The CCRCs consist of 460 units and are located in Bridgeport and Southbury, Connecticut. The communities are sub-leased to affiliates of Watermark Retirement Communities (“Watermark”), the current manager. The lease has a term of 15 years, with an initial lease rate to East Lake of 7% with escalators of 3.5% in years two through four, and 3% annually thereafter. NHI has committed up to an additional $10,000,000 for capital improvements and potential expansion of the communities over the next two years, of which $747,000 was drawn at September 30, 2016.

In conjunction with the lease, East Lake acquired a purchase option on the properties as a whole, exercisable beginning in year six of the lease. The option will be based on our initial acquisition cost, our funding of capital improvements and expansions, other additional funding that may then be in place, or further rent escalations during the remaining duration of the option window.


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East Lake’s June 2016 lease represents an expansion of its relationship with NHI, which began in July 2015, with our acquisition and lease to East Lake of two senior living campuses and one assisted living/memory care facility. East Lake’s relationship to NHI consists of its leasehold interests and purchase options and is considered a variable interest, analogous to a financing arrangement. East Lake is structured to limit liability for potential damage claims, is capitalized for that purpose and is considered a VIE.

The Ensign Group

On April 1, 2016, we purchased eight skilled nursing facilities in Texas totaling 931 beds for $118,500,000 in cash. The facilities were owned and operated by NHI’s existing tenant, Legend Healthcare (“Legend”), and we accounted for the purchase as an asset acquisition. Concurrent with the acquisition, we amended in-place leases covering the nine existing skilled nursing facilities we leased to Legend, extending their provisions to the new facilities. The amendment also replaced purchase options that provided for equal sharing of any appreciation in value, within a specified range, with purchase options having a price determined at fair value, exercisable at the end of the lease term. Based on our analysis of the in-place rights, benefits and obligations, $6,400,000 of the consideration in the acquisition was allocated to the canceled provisions related to the in-place leases.

On May 1, 2016, Legend and NHI agreed to transition Legend’s skilled nursing operations under it’s lease with NHI to a new operator, and NHI entered into a new 15-year master lease with affiliates of The Ensign Group, Inc. (“Ensign”) on 15 of the former Legend facilities for an initial annual amount of $17,750,000, plus an annual escalator based on inflation. NHI’s total original investment in the 15 facilities leased to Ensign is approximately $211,000,000. The Ensign lease has two 5-year renewal options. Upon entering the new lease, NHI sold to Ensign for $24,600,000 two remaining skilled nursing facilities in Texas totaling 245 beds previously under lease to Legend. The Ensign lease, secured in part by the operator’s corporate guaranty, replaces the amended Legend lease, and, accordingly, the rights, benefits and obligations held by Legend have terminated. In recording the transition of our leases to Ensign, we wrote off the fair value assigned to the former Legend leases and $8,326,000 of accumulated straight-line rent receivable, leaving an allocation of $6,252,000 to land and $105,848,000 to depreciable assets.

As part of this transaction, NHI is committed to purchase, from a developer, four new skilled nursing facilities in Texas for $56,000,000 which are leased to Legend and subleased to Ensign. The purchase window for the first facility is open. The other three facilities are under construction by the developer. The fixed-price nature of the commitment creates a variable interest for NHI in the developer, whom NHI considers to lack sufficient equity to finance its operations without recourse to additional subordinated debt. The presence of these conditions causes the developer to be considered a VIE.

Marathon/Village Concepts

On January 15, 2016, we acquired a 98-unit independent living community, Woodland Village, in Chehalis, Washington, for $9,463,000 in cash inclusive of closing costs of $213,000 plus an additional commitment to fund $350,000 in specified capital improvements, of which $158,000 has been funded at September 30, 2016. We leased the facility to a partnership between Marathon Development and Village Concepts Retirement Communities for an initial lease term of 15 years. The lease provides for an initial annual lease rate of 7.25% plus annual escalators. Because the facility was owner-occupied, the purchase was accounted for as an asset acquisition.

Chancellor

On August 31, 2016, we acquired two facilities consisting of a senior living campus and a memory-care facility in McMinnville, Oregon, for $36,650,000 in cash inclusive of closing costs of $150,000. We leased the facilities to Chancellor Health Care (“Chancellor”) for an initial lease term of 15 years, plus renewal options, at an initial annual lease rate of 7.5% plus annual escalators. Because the facility was owner-occupied, the purchase was accounted for as an asset acquisition.

Holiday

As of September 30, 2016, we leased 25 independent living facilities to an affiliate of Holiday Retirement (“Holiday”). The master lease term of 17 years began in December 2013 and provides for an escalator of 4.5% in 2017 and a minimum of 3.5% each year thereafter.

Of our total revenues, $10,954,000 (17%) and $10,954,000 (19%) were derived from Holiday for the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, including $2,241,000 and $2,616,000 in straight-line rent, respectively. Of our total revenues, $32,863,000 (18%) and $32,863,000 (19%) were derived from Holiday for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015,

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including $6,724,000 and $7,849,000 in straight-line rent, respectively. Our tenant operates the facilities pursuant to a management agreement with a Holiday-affiliated manager.

NHC

As of September 30, 2016, we leased 42 facilities under two master leases to National HealthCare Corporation (“NHC”), a publicly-held company and the lessee of our legacy properties. The facilities leased to NHC consist of 3 independent living facilities and 39 skilled nursing facilities (4 of which are subleased to other parties for whom the lease payments are guaranteed to us by NHC). These facilities are leased to NHC under the terms of an amended master lease agreement originally dated October 17, 1991 (“the 1991 lease”) which includes our 35 remaining legacy properties and a master lease agreement dated August 30, 2013 (“the 2013 lease”) which includes 7 skilled nursing facilities acquired from a third party.

The 1991 lease has been amended to extend the lease expiration to December 31, 2026. There are two additional 5-year renewal options, each at fair rental value of such leased property as negotiated between the parties and determined without including the value attributable to any improvements to the leased property voluntarily made by NHC at its expense. Under the terms of the lease, the base annual rental is $30,750,000 and rent escalates by 4% of the increase, if any, in each facility’s revenue over a 2007 base year. The 2013 lease provides for a base annual rental of $3,450,000 and has a lease expiration of August 2028. Under the terms of the 2013 lease, rent escalates 4% of the increase in each facility’s revenue over the 2014 base year. For both the 1991 lease and the 2013 lease, we refer to this additional rent component as “percentage rent.” During the last three years of the 2013 lease, NHC will have the option to purchase the facilities for $49,000,000.

The following table summarizes the percentage rent income from NHC (in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30,
 
September 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Current year
$
733

 
$
596

 
$
2,199

 
$
1,788

Prior year final certification1

 

 
547

 
94

Total percentage rent income
$
733

 
$
596

 
$
2,746

 
$
1,882

1 For purposes of the percentage rent calculation described in the master lease Agreement, NHC’s annual revenue by facility for a given year is certified to NHI by March 31st of the following year.

Of our total revenues, $9,270,000 (15%) and $9,133,000 (16%) were derived from NHC for the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively and $28,357,000 (15%) and $27,492,000 (16%) for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

The chairman of our board of directors is also a director on NHC’s board of directors. As of September 30, 2016, NHC owned 1,630,462 shares of our common stock.

Senior Living Communities

As of September 30, 2016, we leased eight retirement communities with 1,671 units to Senior Living Communities, LLC (“Senior Living”). The 15-year master lease contains two 5-year renewal options and provides for annual escalators of 4% in 2017 and 2018 and 3% thereafter.

Of our total revenue, $9,855,000 (16%) and $9,855,000 (17%) in lease revenues were derived from Senior Living for the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively, including $1,795,000 and $2,105,000, respectively, in straight-line rent. For the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, of our total revenues, $29,566,000 (16%) and $29,566,000 (17%) were derived from Senior Living including $5,386,000 and $6,316,000, respectively, in straight-line rent.

Other Lease Activity

As a result of material noncompliance with lease terms, we began exploratory measures to effect either transitioning the lease of a 126-unit assisted living portfolio from the current tenant or the marketing of the underlying properties. Either of these courses of action result in recording a reserve, for accounting purposes, at September 30, 2016, of $1,131,000 related to straight-line rent receivables. While straight-line receivables represent the effects of recognizing future escalations under terms of the lease using the straight-line method, we anticipate full recovery of all amounts billed to date under the lease. We have made no provision for any legal or other costs associated with the transition, as these amounts are neither estimable nor, in the opinion of management, material to our financial position or results of operations. Contractual rent received through August 2016 was $1,491,000.

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Disposition of Assets

On March 22, 2016, we sold a skilled nursing facility in Idaho for cash consideration of $3,000,000. The carrying value of the facility was $1,346,000, and we recorded a gain of $1,654,000. As discussed above in connection with The Ensign Group, we sold two skilled nursing facilities in May 2016 for total consideration of $24,600,000 and realized a gain of $2,805,000 on the disposal. In June 2016, we recognized a gain of $123,000 on the sale of a vacant land parcel.

NOTE 3. OTHER ASSETS

Other assets consist of the following (in thousands):
 
September 30,
2016
 
December 31,
2015
Equity-method investment in OpCo
$

 
$
7,657

Accounts receivable and other assets
4,057

 
3,256

Reserves for replacement, insurance, tax escrows and regulatory deposits
8,265

 
4,631

 
$
12,322

 
$
15,544


From the commencement of our equity method investment in OpCo in September 2012, we have not received any distributions of income from OpCo and our carrying cost has been adjusted for our pro-rata share of earnings and losses in the entity and allocations of any additional cost. NHI’s gain of $1,657,000 from the sale of OpCo was calculated on the difference between the proceeds of $8,100,000 and the carrying amount of our equity-method investment of $6,443,000. Tax effects related to the transaction include the utilization of net operating loss carry-forwards and the write-off of residual deferred tax assets totaling $1,192,000.

Reserves for replacement, insurance, tax escrows and regulatory deposits include (1) amounts required to be held on deposit in accordance with regulatory agreements governing our Fannie Mae and HUD mortgages; and (2) state regulatory deposits.

With the adoption of ASU 2015-03, Interest-Imputation of Interest, in the first quarter of 2016, the balance in Other Assets was reduced to reflect the reclassification of our unamortized loan costs which are now being offset against the loan balances as shown in Note 6.

NOTE 4. MORTGAGE AND OTHER NOTES RECEIVABLE

At September 30, 2016, we had net investments in mortgage notes receivable with a net carrying value of $154,994,000, secured by real estate and UCC liens on the personal property of 10 facilities, and other notes receivable with a carrying value of $28,999,000, guaranteed by significant parties to the notes or by cross-collateralization of properties with the same owner. No allowance for doubtful accounts was considered necessary at September 30, 2016 or December 31, 2015.

Timber Ridge

In February 2015, we entered into an agreement to lend up to $154,500,000 to LCS-Westminster Partnership III LLP (“LCS-WP”), an affiliate of Life Care Services (“LCS”) . The loan agreement conveys a mortgage interest and will facilitate the construction of Phase II of Timber Ridge at Talus (“Timber Ridge”), a Type-A Continuing Care Retirement Community in Issaquah, WA managed by LCS. Our loan to LCS-WP represents a variable interest. As an affiliate of a larger company, LCS-WP is structured to limit liability for potential damage claims, is capitalized to achieve that purpose and is considered a VIE.

The loan takes the form of two notes under a master credit agreement. The senior note (“Note A”) totals $60,000,000 at a 6.75% interest rate with 10 basis-point escalators after year three, and has a term of 10 years. We have funded $33,936,000 of Note A as of September 30, 2016. We anticipate fully funding Note A by December 31, 2016. Note A is interest-only and is locked to prepayment for three years. After year three, the prepayment penalty starts at 5% and declines 1% per year. The second note (“Note B”) is a construction loan for up to $94,500,000 at an annual interest rate of 8% and a five-year maturity and was fully funded as of September 30, 2016. We expect substantial repayment with new resident entrance fees upon the opening of Phase II. In October, 2016, Phase II opened, and LCS began repayment of the outstanding balance on Note B, with remittances of $20,597,000 during October.

NHI has a purchase option on the entire Timber Ridge property for the greater of fair market value or $115,000,000 during a purchase option window of 120 days that will contingently open in year five or upon earlier stabilization of the development, as defined.

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Senior Living Communities

In connection with the acquisition in December 2014 of the properties leased to Senior Living, we provided a $15,000,000 revolving line of credit, the maturity of which mirrors the 15-year term of the master lease. Borrowings are used to finance construction projects within the Senior Living portfolio, including building additional units. Up to $5,000,000 of the facility may be used to meet general working capital needs. Amounts outstanding under the facility, $4,096,000 at September 30, 2016, bear interest at an annual rate equal to the prevailing 10-year U.S. Treasury rate, 1.60%, plus 6%.

In March 2016, we extended two mezzanine loans of up to $12,000,000 and $2,000,000, respectively, to affiliates of Senior Living, to partially fund construction of a 186-unit senior living campus on Daniel Island in South Carolina. The loans bear interest payable monthly at a 10% annual rate and mature in March 2021. The loans have a total balance of $6,024,000 at September 30, 2016.

Our loans to Senior Living and its subsidiaries represent a variable interest as does our lease, which is considered to be analogous to a financing arrangement. Senior Living is structured to limit liability for potential claims for damages, is appropriately capitalized for that purpose and is considered a VIE.

Senior Living Management

On August 3, 2016, we entered into an agreement to furnish to our current tenant, Senior Living Management, Inc. (“SLM”), through its affiliates, loans of up to $24,500,000 to facilitate SLM’s acquisition of five senior housing facilities that it currently operates. The loans consist of two notes under a master credit agreement, include both a mortgage and a corporate loan, and bear interest at 8.25% with terms of five years, plus optional one and two-year extensions. NHI has a right of first refusal if SLM elects to sell the facilities. The total amount funded was $12,556,000 as of September 30, 2016.

Our loans to SLM represent a variable interest as do our leases, which are analogous to financing arrangements. SLM is structured to limit liability for potential damage claims, is capitalized for that purpose and is considered a VIE.

Bickford

On July 15, 2016, NHI extended a construction loan facility of up to $14,000,000 to Bickford for the purpose of developing and operating an assisted living/memory care community in Illinois. The total amount funded as of September 30, 2016 was $1,500,000, interest is to accrue at 9%, and the loan is to mature on July 15, 2021. The promissory note is secured by a first mortgage lien on substantially all real and personal property as well as a pledge of any and all leases or agreements which may grant a right of use to the subject property. Usual and customary covenants extend to the agreement, including the borrower’s obligation for payment of insurance and taxes.

Our loan to Bickford represents a variable interest as do our leases, which are considered to be analogous to financing arrangements. Bickford is structured to limit liability for potential claims for damages, is capitalized to achieve that purpose and is considered a VIE.

Sycamore

As discussed in Note 2, on June 1, 2016, two notes receivable from Sycamore, an affiliate of Bickford, having an aggregate principal and accrued interest balance of $9,753,000 were retired as part of an asset acquisition. As of September 30, 2016, our direct support of Sycamore is limited to our guarantee on a $3,930,000 letter of credit established for their benefit. Sycamore, as an affiliate company of Bickford, is structured to limit liability for potential claims for damages, is capitalized to achieve that purpose and is considered a VIE.

NOTE 5. INVESTMENTS IN MARKETABLE SECURITIES

Our investments in marketable securities include available-for-sale securities which are reported at fair value and investments in marketable debt securities, also classified as available-for-sale, which consist of U.S. government agency debt and long-term certificates of deposit. Unrealized gains and losses on available-for-sale securities are presented as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income. Realized gains and losses from securities sales are determined based upon specific identification of the securities. Marketable securities consist of the following (in thousands):

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September 30, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
 
Amortized Cost

 
Fair Value

 
Amortized Cost

 
Fair Value

Common stock of other healthcare REITs
$
5,127

 
$
23,871

 
$
21,040

 
$
55,815

Debt securities
$

 
$

 
$
17,037

 
$
16,929


Net unrealized gains related to available-for-sale securities were $18,744,000 at September 30, 2016 and $34,667,000 at December 31, 2015. During the nine months ended September 30, 2016, we recognized gains on sales of marketable securities of $23,498,000 which were reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income and are included in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income as Investment and other gains. No gains from sales of marketable securities were recognized during the quarter ended September 30, 2016.

NOTE 6. DEBT

Debt consists of the following (in thousands):
 
September 30,
2016
 
December 31,
2015
Convertible senior notes - unsecured (net of discount of $5,007 and $5,862)
$
194,993

 
$
194,138

Revolving credit facility - unsecured
128,600

 
34,000

Bank term loans - unsecured
250,000

 
250,000

Private placement term loans - unsecured
400,000

 
325,000

HUD mortgage loans (net of discount of $1,509 and $1,573)
44,526

 
45,035

Fannie Mae term loans - secured, non-recourse
78,084

 
78,084

Unamortized loan costs
(10,185
)
 
(11,814
)
 
$
1,086,018

 
$
914,443


Aggregate principal maturities of debt as of September 30, 2016 for each of the next five years and thereafter are as follows (in thousands):
Twelve months ended September 30,
 
2017
$
788

2018
814

2019
842

2020
379,471

2021
200,900

Thereafter
519,904

 
1,102,719

Less: discount
(6,516
)
Less: unamortized loan costs
(10,185
)
 
$
1,086,018


At September 30, 2016 we had $421,400,000 available to draw on the revolving portion of the credit facility. The unused commitment fee is 40 basis points per annum. The unsecured credit facility agreement requires that we maintain certain financial ratios within limits set by our creditors. To date, these ratios, which are calculated quarterly, have been within the limits required by the credit facility agreements.

On September 30, 2016, we issued $75,000,000 of 8-year notes with a coupon of 3.93% to a private placement lender.  The notes are unsecured and require quarterly payments of interest only until maturity.  Terms and conditions of the new financing are similar to those under our bank credit facility with the exception of provisions regarding prepayment premiums.

In November 2015 we issued $50,000,000 of 8-year notes with a coupon of 3.99% and $50,000,000 of 10-year notes with a coupon of 4.33% to a private placement lender. The notes are unsecured and require quarterly payments of interest only until maturity. Terms and conditions of the new financing are similar to those under our bank credit facility with the exception of provisions regarding prepayment premiums.


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In June 2015 we entered into an amended $800,000,000 senior unsecured credit facility with a group of banks. The facility can be expanded, subject to certain conditions, up to an additional $250,000,000. The amended credit facility provides for: (1) a $550,000,000 revolving credit facility that matures in June 2020 (inclusive of an embedded 1-year extension option) with interest at 150 basis points over LIBOR (53 bps at September 30, 2016); (2) an existing $130,000,000 term loan that matures in June 2020 with interest at 175 basis points over LIBOR; and (3) two existing term loans which remain in place totaling $120,000,000, maturing in June 2020 and bearing interest at 175 basis points over LIBOR. At closing, the new facility replaced a smaller credit facility last amended in March 2014 that provided for $700,000,000 of total commitments. The employment of interest rate swaps for our fixed term debt leaves only our revolving credit facility exposed to variable rate risk. Our swaps and the financial instruments to which they relate are described in the table below, under the caption “Interest Rate Swap Agreements.”

In March 2015 we obtained $78,084,000 in Fannie Mae financing. The term debt financing consists of interest-only payments at an annual rate of 3.79% and a 10-year maturity. The mortgages are non-recourse and secured by thirteen properties leased to Bickford. Proceeds were used to reduce borrowings on our revolving bank credit facility. The notes are secured by the facilities previously pledged as security on Fannie Mae term debt that was retired in December 2014.

In January 2015 we issued $125,000,000 of 8-year notes with a coupon of 3.99% and $100,000,000 of 12-year notes with a coupon of 4.51% to a private placement lender. The notes are unsecured and require quarterly payments of interest only until maturity. Terms and conditions of the financing are similar to those under our bank credit facility with the exception of provisions regarding prepayment premiums.

In March 2014 we issued $200,000,000 of 3.25% senior unsecured convertible notes due April 2021 (the “Notes”). Interest is payable April 1st and October 1st of each year. As adjusted for terms of the indenture, the Notes are convertible at a conversion rate of 14.07 shares of common stock per $1,000 principal amount, representing a conversion price of approximately $71.06 per share for a total of approximately 2,814,710 underlying shares. The conversion rate is subject to adjustment upon the occurrence of certain events, as defined in the indenture governing the Notes, but will not be adjusted for any accrued and unpaid interest except in limited circumstances. The conversion option is considered an “optional net-share settlement conversion feature,” meaning that upon conversion, NHI’s conversion obligation may be satisfied, at our option, in cash, shares of common stock or a combination of cash and shares of common stock. Our average stock price for the quarter ended September 30, 2016, exceeded the conversion price, giving rise to a dilutive effect of 274,544 shares to a base of 39,651,900 weighted average diluted common shares. For the year-to-date period, 2016 dilution is determined by computing an average of incremental shares included in each quarterly diluted EPS computation, resulting in a dilutive effect of the conversion feature of 91,515 shares for the nine months ended September 30, 2016.

The embedded conversion options (1) do not require net cash settlement, (2) are not conventionally convertible but can be classified in stockholders’ equity under ASC 815-40, and (3) are considered indexed to NHI’s own stock. Therefore, the conversion feature satisfies the conditions to qualify for an exception to the derivative liability rules, and the Notes are split into debt and equity components. The value of the debt component is based upon the estimated fair value of a similar debt instrument without the conversion feature at the time of issuance and was estimated to be approximately $192,238,000. The $7,762,000 difference between the contractual principal on the debt and the value allocated to the debt was recorded as an equity component and represents the estimated value of the conversion feature of the instrument. The excess of the contractual principal amount of the debt over its estimated fair value, the original issue discount, is amortized to interest expense using the effective interest method over the estimated term of the Notes. The effective interest rate used to amortize the debt discount and the liability component of the debt issue costs was approximately 3.9% based on our estimated non-convertible borrowing rate at the date the Notes were issued.

The total cost of issuing the Notes was $6,063,000, $275,000 of which was allocated to the equity component and $5,788,000 of which was allocated to the debt component and subject to amortization over the estimated term of the notes. The remaining unamortized balance at September 30, 2016, was $3,465,000.

Our HUD mortgage loans are secured by ten properties leased to Bickford. Nine mortgage notes require monthly payments of principal and interest from 4.3% to 4.4% (inclusive of mortgage insurance premium) and mature in August and October 2049. An additional HUD mortgage loan assumed in 2014 requires monthly payments of principal and interest of 2.9% (inclusive of mortgage insurance premium) and matures in October 2047. The loan has an outstanding principal balance of $9,163,000 and an estimated fair value of $8,103,000.

Pinnacle Bank, which is a participating member of our banking group, is a wholly owned subsidiary and the primary active business of the bank holding company, Pinnacle Financial Partners, Inc. The chairman of Pinnacle Financial Partners' board of directors is also a director on NHI’s board and is chairman of our audit committee. NHI's local banking transactions are conducted primarily through Pinnacle Bank.


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The following table summarizes interest expense (in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30,
 
September 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Interest expense at contractual rates
$
10,087

 
$
9,000

 
$
29,592

 
$
25,223

Capitalized interest
(144
)
 
(92
)
 
(460
)
 
(296
)
Amortization of debt issuance costs and debt discount
873

 
864

 
2,613

 
2,544

Total interest expense
$
10,816

 
$
9,772

 
$
31,745

 
$
27,471


Interest Rate Swap Agreements

To mitigate our exposure to interest rate risk, we have entered into the following interest rate swap contracts on our bank term loans as of September 30, 2016 (dollars in thousands):
Date Entered
 
Maturity Date
 
Fixed Rate
 
Rate Index
 
Notional Amount
 
Fair Value
May 2012
 
April 2019
 
3.29%
 
1-month LIBOR
 
$
40,000

 
$
(743
)
June 2013
 
June 2020
 
3.86%
 
1-month LIBOR
 
$
80,000

 
$
(3,572
)
March 2014
 
June 2020
 
3.91%
 
1-month LIBOR
 
$
130,000

 
$
(6,028
)

See Note 11 for fair value disclosures about our variable and fixed rate debt and interest rate swap agreements.

NOTE 7. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

Bickford

In February 2015 we announced plans to develop five senior housing facilities in Illinois and Virginia to be managed by Bickford and each consisting of 60 private-pay assisted living and memory care units. The total estimated project cost is $55,000,000. These five properties represent the culmination of plans announced in 2012 between NHI and Bickford to construct a total of eight facilities. The first three communities, all in Indiana, opened in 2013 and 2014. As of September 30, 2016, land and development costs incurred on the project totaled $43,017,000. One facility opened in July 2016, two opened in October 2016, and two are planned to open during the first half of 2017.

In conjunction with our acquisition of five assisted living and memory care communities in June 2016, we have committed to fund an additional $2,400,000 for capital expenditures and the expansion of the existing facilities, the funding of which will be added to the lease base. No amounts have been funded toward our commitment as of September 30, 2016.

We have extended a $14,000,000 construction loan facility to Bickford for the purpose of developing and operating an assisted living/memory care community in Illinois. Funding as of September 30, 2016 was $1,500,000. Bickford may also borrow an additional $2,000,000 upon achieving certain operating performance metrics.

In February 2014 we entered into a commitment on a letter of credit for the benefit of Sycamore, an affiliate of Bickford, which previously held a minority interest in PropCo. At September 30, 2016, our commitment on the letter of credit totaled $3,930,000.

Chancellor

At September 30, 2016, we had a continuing commitment with Chancellor to provide up to $650,000 for renovations and improvements related to a senior housing community in Oregon. We have funded $52,000 as of September 30, 2016.

East Lake

In connection with our July 2015 lease of three senior housing properties, NHI has committed to East Lake certain lease incentive payments of $8,000,000 contingent on reaching and maintaining certain metrics, a contingent earnout of $750,000 payable to the seller upon attaining certain metrics, and the funding of an additional $400,000 for specified capital improvements. At acquisition, we estimated the seller contingent earnout payment to be probable and accordingly, have reflected that amount in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet at September 30, 2016. We are unaware of circumstances that would change our initial assessment as to the contingent earnout and lease incentives. Funding of capital improvements and contingent payments earned will be included

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in the lease base when funded. Additionally, NHI has committed up to an additional $10,000,000 for capital improvements and potential expansion of the two CCRCs acquired in June 2016, of which $747,000 was drawn at September 30, 2016.

The Ensign Group

Our May 2016 lease of 15 skilled nursing facilities in Texas to The Ensign Group, as discussed in Note 2, includes a commitment from NHI to purchase four skilled nursing facilities in Texas for $56,000,000 which are leased to Legend and subleased to Ensign. The purchase window for the first facility is open. The other three facilities are under construction by the developer.

Life Care Services

As discussed in Note 4, we have a remaining loan commitment to an affiliate of Life Care Services for $26,064,000.

Santé

We are committed to fund a $3,500,000 expansion and renovation program at our Silverdale, Washington senior living campus and as of September 30, 2016, had funded $2,621,000, which was added to the basis on which the lease amount is calculated. In addition, we have a contingent commitment to fund a lease inducement payment of $2,000,000. Santé would earn the payment upon attaining and sustaining a specified lease coverage ratio. If earned, the payment would be due following calendar year 2016. At acquisition, incurring the contingent payments was not considered probable. No change to our initial assessment has been made as a result of operations to date in 2016, and accordingly, no provision for these payments is reflected in the condensed consolidated financial statements.

Senior Living Communities

As discussed in Note 4, as of September 30, 2016 we were committed to Senior Living to fund $15,000,000 on a revolving credit facility, with $10,904,000 undrawn, and $14,000,000 on a mezzanine loan, with $7,850,000 undrawn, related to the ongoing construction of a senior living campus on Daniel Island in South Carolina.

Senior Living Management

We are committed to furnish to our current tenant, Senior Living Management, Inc. (“SLM”), through its affiliates, loans of up to $24,500,000 to facilitate SLM’s acquisition of five senior housing facilities that it currently operates. The total amounts funded were $12,556,000 as of September 30, 2016.

Marathon/Village Concepts

We are committed to fund up to $350,000 in specific capital improvements to our independent living community in Chehalis, Washington. A total of $158,000 has been funded as of September 30, 2016, and added to the lease base on which the lease amount is calculated.

Litigation

Our facilities are subject to claims and suits in the ordinary course of business. Our lessees and borrowers have indemnified, and are obligated to continue to indemnify us, against all liabilities arising from the operation of the facilities, and are further obligated to indemnify us against environmental or title problems affecting the real estate underlying such facilities. While there may be lawsuits pending against certain of the owners and/or lessees of the facilities, management believes that the ultimate resolution of all such pending proceedings will have no material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.











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NOTE 8. INVESTMENT AND OTHER GAINS

The following table summarizes our investment and other gains (in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30,
 
September 30,

2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Gains on sales of real estate
$

 
$
1,126

 
$
4,582

 
$
1,126

Gains on sales of marketable securities

 
61

 
23,498

 
61

Gain on sale of equity-method investee
1,657

 

 
1,657

 

 
$
1,657

 
$
1,187

 
$
29,737

 
$
1,187


NOTE 9. SHARE-BASED COMPENSATION

We recognize share-based compensation for all stock options granted over the requisite service period using the fair value of these grants as estimated at the date of grant using the Black-Scholes pricing model, and all restricted stock granted over the requisite service period using the market value of our publicly-traded common stock on the date of grant.

Share-Based Compensation Plans

The Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors (“the Committee”) has the authority to select the participants to be granted options; to designate whether the option granted is an incentive stock option (“ISO”), a non-qualified option, or a stock appreciation right; to establish the number of shares of common stock that may be issued upon exercise of the option; to establish the vesting provision for any award; and to establish the term any award may be outstanding. The exercise price of any ISO’s granted will not be less than 100% of the fair market value of the shares of common stock on the date granted, and the term of an ISO may not be more than ten years. The exercise price of any non-qualified options granted will not be less than 100% of the fair market value of the shares of common stock on the date granted unless so determined by the Committee.

In May 2012, our stockholders approved the 2012 Stock Incentive Plan (“the 2012 Plan”) pursuant to which 1,500,000 shares of our common stock were made available to grant as share-based payments to employees, officers, directors or consultants. Through a vote of our shareholders on May 7, 2015, we increased the maximum number of shares under the plan from 1,500,000 shares to 3,000,000 shares; increased the automatic annual grant to non-employee directors from 15,000 shares to 20,000 shares; and limited the Company’s ability to re-issue shares under the Plan. As of September 30, 2016, there were 1,446,668 shares available for future grants under the 2012 Plan. The individual restricted stock and option grant awards vest over periods up to five years. The term of the options under the 2012 Plan is up to ten years from the date of grant.

In May 2005, our stockholders approved the NHI 2005 Stock Option Plan (“the 2005 Plan”) pursuant to which 1,500,000 shares of our common stock were made available to grant as share-based payments to employees, officers, directors or consultants. As of September 30, 2016, the 2005 Plan has expired and no additional shares may be granted under the 2005 Plan. The individual restricted stock and option grant awards vest over periods up to ten years. The term of the options outstanding under the 2005 Plan is up to ten years from the date of grant.

Compensation expense is recognized only for the awards that ultimately vest. Accordingly, forfeitures that were not expected will result in the reversal of previously recorded compensation expense. The compensation expense reported for the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 was $251,000 and $233,000, respectively, and is included in general and administrative expense in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income. For the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 compensation expense included in general and administrative expense was $1,481,000 and $1,930,000, respectively.

At September 30, 2016, we had $650,000 of unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested stock options which is expected to be expensed over the following periods: 2016 - $251,000, 2017 - $360,000 and 2018 - $39,000. Stock-based compensation is included in general and administrative expense in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income.

The weighted average fair value per share of options granted was $3.65 and $4.74 for 2016 and 2015, respectively.




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The fair value of each grant is estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model with the following weighted average assumptions:

 
2016
 
2015
Dividend yield
5.9%
 
4.7%
Expected volatility
19.1%
 
17.8%
Expected lives
2.9 years
 
2.8 years
Risk-free interest rate
0.91%
 
0.98%

The following table summarizes our outstanding stock options:
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30,
 
2016
 
2015
Options outstanding January 1,
741,676

 
871,671

Options granted under 2012 Plan
470,000

 
450,000

Options granted under 2005 Plan

 
20,000

Options exercised under 2012 Plan
(608,331
)
 
(421,657
)
Options canceled under 2012 Plan

 
(100,000
)
Options exercised under 2005 Plan
(61,666
)
 
(50,002
)
Options outstanding, September 30,
541,679

 
770,012

 
 
 
 
Exercisable at September 30,
188,331

 
496,664


NOTE 10. EARNINGS AND DIVIDENDS PER SHARE

The weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the reporting period is used to calculate basic earnings per common share. Diluted earnings per common share assume the exercise of stock options and the conversion of our convertible debt using the treasury stock method, to the extent dilutive. If our average stock price for the period increases over the conversion price of our convertible debt, the conversion feature will be considered dilutive.

The following table summarizes the average number of common shares and the net income used in the calculation of basic and diluted earnings per common share (in thousands, except share and per share amounts):
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30,
 
September 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Net income attributable to common stockholders
$
33,032

 
$
33,600

 
$
110,352

 
$
94,466

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
BASIC:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding
39,283,919

 
37,566,221

 
38,735,262

 
37,563,503

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
DILUTED:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding
39,283,919

 
37,566,221

 
38,735,262

 
37,563,503

Stock options
93,437

 
16,920

 
49,248

 
42,024

Convertible subordinated debentures
274,544

 

 
91,515

 
6,314

Average dilutive common shares outstanding
39,651,900

 
37,583,141

 
38,876,025

 
37,611,841

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income per common share - basic
$
.84

 
$
.89

 
$
2.85

 
$
2.51

Net income per common share - diluted
$
.83

 
$
.89

 
$
2.84

 
$
2.51

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Incremental shares excluded since anti-dilutive:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net share effect of stock options with an exercise price in excess of the average market price for our common shares

 
107,993

 
8,490

 
42,052

Regular dividends declared per common share
$
.90

 
$
.85

 
$
2.70

 
$
2.55

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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NOTE 11. FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

Our financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value (based on the hierarchy of the three levels of inputs described in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements contained in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K) on a recurring basis include marketable securities, derivative financial instruments and contingent consideration arrangements. Marketable securities consist of common stock of other healthcare REITs. Derivative financial instruments include our interest rate swap agreements. Contingent consideration arrangements relate to certain provisions of recent real estate purchase agreements involving both business combinations.

Marketable securities. We utilize quoted prices in active markets to measure debt and equity securities; these items are classified as Level 1 in the hierarchy and include the common and preferred stock of other publicly held healthcare REITs.

Derivative financial instruments. Derivative financial instruments are valued in the market using discounted cash flow techniques. These techniques incorporate Level 1 and Level 2 inputs. The market inputs are utilized in the discounted cash flow calculation considering the instrument’s term, notional amount, discount rate and credit risk. Significant inputs to the derivative valuation model for interest rate swaps are observable in active markets and are classified as Level 2 in the hierarchy.

Contingent consideration. Contingent consideration arrangements are classified as Level 3 and are valued using unobservable inputs about the nature of the contingent arrangement and the counter-party to the arrangement, as well as our assumptions about the probability of full settlement of the contingency.

Assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis are as follows (in thousands):
 
 
 
Fair Value Measurement
 
Balance Sheet Classification
 
September 30,
2016
 
December 31,
2015
Level 1
 
 
 
 
 
Common stock of other healthcare REITs
Marketable securities
 
$
23,871

 
$
55,815

Debt securities
Marketable securities
 
$

 
$
16,929

 
 
 
 
 
 
Level 2
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate swap liability
Accounts payble and accrued expenses
 
$
10,342

 
$
6,730


Carrying values and fair values of financial instruments that are not carried at fair value at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets are as follows (in thousands):
 
Carrying Amount
 
Fair Value Measurement
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Level 2
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Variable rate debt
$
375,182

 
$
279,745

 
$
378,600

 
$
284,000

Fixed rate debt
$
710,836

 
$
634,698

 
$
746,026

 
$
641,066

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Level 3
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mortgage and other notes receivable
$
183,993

 
$
133,714

 
$
191,201

 
$
141,408


The fair value of mortgage and other notes receivable is based on credit risk and discount rates that are not observable in the marketplace and therefore represents a Level 3 measurement.

Fixed rate debt. Fixed rate debt is classified as Level 2 and its value is based on quoted prices for similar instruments or calculated utilizing model derived valuations in which significant inputs are observable in active markets.

Carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable and accounts payable approximate fair value due to their short-term nature. The fair value of our borrowings under our revolving credit facility are reasonably estimated at their carrying value at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, due to the predominance of floating interest rates, which generally reflect market conditions.






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NOTE 12. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

Senior Living Communities

On November 3, 2016, we announced plans to acquire Evergreen Woods, a 299-unit continuing care retirement community in Connecticut, for $74,000,000 in cash, inclusive of a $4,000,000 regulatory deposit. The facility will be added to our existing master lease with Senior Living at the current lease rate of 6.77%, subject to 4% escalation in January 2017 and 2018 and 3% thereafter. As an addition to our master lease with Senior Living, the initial term is 13 years, plus renewal options.

Because Evergreen Woods was previously owner-operated, we will account for our purchase of the property as an asset acquisition. As part of this transaction, we tentatively plan to attribute $7,724,000 of the purchase price to fair value of the land, and $62,276,000 to the fair value of building and improvements.

NOTE 13. RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

In February 2015 the FASB issued ASU 2015-02, Amendments to the Consolidation Analysis, which is generally effective for fiscal years and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2015. ASU 2015-02 changed the consolidation analysis for all reporting entities. The changes primarily affect the consolidation of limited partnerships and their equivalents (e.g., limited liability corporations), the consolidation analysis of reporting entities that are involved with VIEs, particularly those that have fee arrangements and related party relationships, as well as structured vehicles such as collateralized debt obligations. We adopted the provisions of ASU 2015-02 in the first quarter of 2016. The adoption of ASU 2015-02 did not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.

In April 2015 the FASB issued ASU 2015-03, Interest-Imputation of Interest, whose primary effect as subsequently modified is to mandate that, except for revolving credit facilities (which may carry a zero balance), debt issuance costs be reported in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the face amount of the related liability. Debt issuance costs have previously been presented among assets on the balance sheet. The standard does not affect the recognition and measurement of debt issuance costs. The ASU is effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015, and interim periods within those fiscal years. In adopting ASU 2015-03 in the first quarter of 2016, we have chosen to deduct debt issuance costs from amounts owing under our line of credit arrangements, and we have restated prior periods for the effect of these reclassifications. The adoption had the effect of reducing total assets and total liabilities on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet at December 31, 2015, by the amount of unamortized loan costs of $11,814,000.

In September 2015 the FASB issued ASU 2015-16 Simplifying the Accounting for Measurement Period Adjustments, whose principal provisions require that in a business combination an acquirer recognize adjustments to provisional amounts that are identified during the measurement period in the reporting period in which the adjustment amounts are determined. The amendments in ASU 2015-16 require that the acquirer record, in the same period's financial statements, the effect on earnings of changes in depreciation, amortization, or other income effects, if any, as a result of the change to the provisional amounts, calculated as if the accounting had been completed at the acquisition date. Previously, GAAP required that during the measurement period, the acquirer retrospectively adjust the provisional amounts recognized at the acquisition date with a corresponding adjustment to goodwill. To simplify the accounting for adjustments made to provisional amounts recognized in a business combination, the amendments in ASU 2015-16 eliminate the requirement to retrospectively account for those adjustments. For public business entities, the amendments in ASU 2015-16 are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015, including interim periods within those fiscal years. We adopted the provisions of ASU 2015-16 in the first quarter of 2016. The adoption of ASU 2015-16 did not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.
In January 2016 the FASB issued ASU 2016-01, Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities. Public companies will be required to apply 2016-01 for all accounting periods beginning after December 15, 2017. For public companies, the primary effects of 2016-01 are to:

Require equity investments (except those accounted for under the equity method of accounting or those that result in consolidation of the investee) to be measured at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in net income. However, an entity may choose to measure equity investments that do not have readily determinable fair values at cost minus impairment, if any, plus or minus changes resulting from observable price changes in orderly transactions for the identical or a similar investment of the same issuer.

Simplify the impairment assessment of equity investments without readily determinable fair values by requiring a qualitative assessment to identify impairment. When a qualitative assessment indicates that impairment exists, an entity is required to measure the investment at fair value.

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Eliminate the requirement to disclose the methods and significant assumptions used to estimate the fair value for financial instruments measured at amortized cost on the balance sheet.

Require the use of the exit price notion when measuring the fair value of financial instruments for disclosure purposes.

Require an entity to present separately in other comprehensive income the portion of the total change in the fair value of a liability resulting from a change in the instrument-specific credit risk when the entity has elected to measure the liability at fair value in accordance with the fair value option for financial instruments.

Require separate presentation of financial assets and financial liabilities by measurement category and form of financial asset (that is, securities or loans and receivables) on the balance sheet or the accompanying notes to the financial statements.

Clarify that an entity should evaluate the need for a valuation allowance on a deferred tax asset related to available-for-sale securities in combination with the entity’s other deferred tax assets.

We are evaluating what effect, if any, that adopting the provisions of ASU 2015-01 in 2018 will have on NHI.

In February 2016 the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases. Public companies will be required to apply ASU 2016-02 for all accounting periods beginning after December 15, 2018 - for REITs this means application will be required beginning January 1, 2019. Early adoption is permitted. All leases with lease terms greater than one year are subject to ASU 2016-02 , including leases in place as of the adoption date. Management expects that, because of the ASU 2016-02’s emphasis on lessee accounting, ASU 2016-02 will not have a material impact on our accounting for leases. Consistent with present standards, NHI will continue to account for lease revenue on a straight-line basis for most leases. Also consistent with NHI’s current practice, under ASU 2016-02 only initial direct costs that are incremental to the lessor will be capitalized.

In March 2016 the FASB issued ASU 2016-09, Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting, as part of its simplification initiative. ASU 2016-09 is effective for public companies starting in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. The areas for simplification in ASU 2016-09 involve several aspects of accounting for share-based payment transactions, including related income tax consequences, classification of awards as either equity or liabilities, and classification of equity awards within the statement of cash flows. Because NHI is designed as a pass-through entity for purposes of Federal taxation, many of the provisions of ASU 2016-09 which deal with taxation will not have a material effect on our financial statements. Among the provisions with broader reach are simplifications as to treatment of forfeitures, which under current GAAP are based on the number of awards that are expected to vest. Upon adoption of ASU 2016-09, an entity can make an entity-wide accounting policy election to either estimate the number of awards that are expected to vest, as in current GAAP, or account for forfeitures when they occur. Additionally, ASU 2016-09 clarifies that cash paid by an employer when directly withholding shares for tax withholding purposes should be classified as a financing activity. Our adoption of the provisions of ASU 2016-09 in the first quarter of 2016 had no material effect on our consolidated financial statements.

In March 2016 the FASB issued ASU 2016-06, Contingent Put and Call Options in Debt Instruments, which clarifies how to assess whether contingent call (put) options that can accelerate the payment on debt instruments are clearly and closely related to their debt hosts. This assessment is necessary to determine if the options must be separately accounted for as derivatives. The ASU clarifies that an entity is required to assess the embedded options solely in accordance with a specific four-step decision sequence and is not also required to assess whether the contingency for exercising the options is indexed to interest rates or credit risk. The amendments are effective for public business entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. We adopted the provisions of ASU 2016-06 in the first quarter of 2016. The adoption of ASU 2016-06 did not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.

In June 2016 the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses. ASU 2016-13 will require more timely recognition of credit losses associated with financial assets. While current GAAP includes multiple credit impairment objectives for instruments, the previous objectives generally delayed recognition of the full amount of credit losses until the loss was probable of occurring. The amendments in ASU 2016-13, whose scope is asset-based and not restricted to financial institutions, are an improvement to existing standards in eliminating the probable initial recognition threshold in current GAAP and, instead, reflect an entity’s current estimate of all expected credit losses. Previously, when credit losses were measured under GAAP, an entity generally only considered past events and current conditions in measuring the incurred loss. The amendments in ASU 2016-13 broaden the information that an entity must consider in developing its expected credit loss estimate for assets measured either collectively or individually. The use of forecasted information incorporates more timely information in the estimate of expected credit loss that will be more useful to users of the financial statements. ASU 2016-13 is effective for public entities for fiscal years

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beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Because we are likely to continue to invest in loans, adoption of ASU 2016-13 will have some effect on our accounting for these investments; accordingly, we are evaluating the extent of the effects, if any, that adopting the provisions of ASU 2016-13 in 2020 will have on NHI.


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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

Forward Looking Statements

References throughout this document to NHI or the Company include National Health Investors, Inc., and its consolidated subsidiaries. In accordance with the Securities and Exchange Commission’s “Plain English” guidelines, this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q has been written in the first person. In this document, the words “we”, “our”, “ours” and “us” refer only to National Health Investors, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries and not any other person. Unless the context indicates otherwise, references herein to “the Company” include all of our consolidated subsidiaries.

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and other materials we have filed or may file with the Securities and Exchange Commission, as well as information included in oral statements made, or to be made, by our senior management contain certain “forward-looking” statements as that term is defined by the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements regarding our expected future financial position, results of operations, cash flows, funds from operations, continued performance improvements, ability to service and refinance our debt obligations, ability to finance growth opportunities, and similar statements including, without limitation, those containing words such as “may,” “will,” “believes,” “anticipates,” “expects,” “intends,” “estimates,” “plans,” and other similar expressions, are forward-looking statements.

Forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties that may cause our actual results in future periods to differ materially from those projected or contemplated in the forward-looking statements as a result of factors including, but not limited to, the following:

*
We depend on the operating success of our tenants and borrowers for collection of our lease and interest income;

*
Certain tenants in our portfolio account for a significant percentage of the rent we expect to generate and the failure of any of these tenants to meet their obligations to us could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations and our ability to make distributions to our stockholders.

*
We are exposed to the risk that the cash flows of our tenants and borrowers would be adversely affected by increased liability claims and liability insurance costs;

*
We are exposed to risks related to governmental regulations and payors, principally Medicare and Medicaid, and the effect that lower reimbursement rates would have on our tenants’ and borrowers’ business;

*
We are exposed to the risk that our tenants and borrowers may become subject to bankruptcy or insolvency proceedings;

*
We depend on the success of our future acquisitions and investments;

*
We depend on our ability to reinvest cash in real estate investments in a timely manner and on acceptable terms;

*
We depend on the success of property development and construction activities, which may fail to achieve the operating results we expect;

*
We are exposed to the risk that the illiquidity of real estate investments could impede our ability to respond to adverse changes in the performance of our properties;

*
We are exposed to the risk that our assets may be subject to impairment charges;

*
We depend on revenues derived mainly from fixed rate investments in real estate assets, while a portion of our debt capital used to finance those investments bears interest at variable rates. This circumstance creates interest rate risk to the Company;

*
We may need to refinance existing debt or incur additional debt in the future, which may not be available on terms acceptable to us;

*
We have covenants related to our indebtedness which impose certain operational limitations and a breach of those covenants could materially adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations;

*
We are exposed to risks related to environmental laws and the costs associated with liabilities related to hazardous substances;

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*
We are exposed to the risk that we may not be fully indemnified by our lessees and borrowers against future litigation;

*
We depend on the ability to continue to qualify for taxation as a real estate investment trust;

*
We have ownership limits in our charter with respect to our common stock and other classes of capital stock which may delay, defer or prevent a transaction or a change of control that might involve a premium price for our common stock or might otherwise be in the best interests of our stockholders;

*
We are subject to certain provisions of Maryland law and our charter and bylaws that could hinder, delay or prevent a change in control transaction, even if the transaction involves a premium price for our common stock or our stockholders believe such transaction to be otherwise in their best interests.

See the notes to the annual audited consolidated financial statements in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015, and “Business” and “Risk Factors” under Item 1 and Item 1A therein for a further discussion of these and of various governmental regulations and other operating factors relating to the healthcare industry and the risk factors inherent in them. You should carefully consider these risks before making any investment decisions in the Company. These risks and uncertainties are not the only ones facing the Company. There may be additional risks that we do not presently know of and/or that we currently deem immaterial. If any of the risks actually occur, our business, financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows could be materially adversely affected. In that case, the trading price of our shares of stock could decline and you may lose part or all of your investment. Given these risks and uncertainties, we can give no assurance that these forward-looking statements will, in fact, occur and, therefore, caution investors not to place undue reliance on them.

Executive Overview

National Health Investors, Inc., established in 1991 as a Maryland corporation, is a self-managed real estate investment trust (“REIT”) specializing in sale-leaseback, joint-venture, mortgage and mezzanine financing of need-driven and discretionary senior housing and medical investments. Our portfolio consists of real estate investments in independent living facilities, assisted living facilities, entrance-fee communities, senior living campuses, skilled nursing facilities, specialty hospitals and medical office buildings. Other investments include mortgages and other notes, marketable securities, and a joint venture structured to comply with the provisions of the REIT Investment Diversification Empowerment Act of 2007 (“RIDEA”). Through a RIDEA joint venture, we invest in facility operations managed by independent third-parties. We fund our real estate investments primarily through: (1) operating cash flow, (2) debt offerings, including bank lines of credit and term debt, both unsecured and secured, and (3) the sale of equity securities.

Portfolio

At September 30, 2016, we had investments in real estate and mortgage and other notes receivable involving 206 facilities located in 32 states. These investments involve 128 senior housing properties, 73 skilled nursing facilities, 3 hospitals, 2 medical office buildings and other notes receivable. These investments (excluding our corporate office of $1,152,000) consisted of properties with an original cost of approximately $2,392,524,000, rented under triple-net leases to 27 lessees, and $183,993,000 aggregate carrying value of mortgage and other notes receivable due from 13 borrowers.

Our investments in real estate are located within the United States and our investments in mortgage loans are secured by real estate located within the United States. We are managed as one unit for internal reporting and decision making. Therefore, our reporting reflects our financial position and operations as a single segment.

We classify all of the properties in our portfolio as either senior housing or medical properties. Because our leases represent different underlying revenue sources and result in differing risk profiles, we further classify our senior housing communities as either need-driven (assisted and memory care communities and senior living campuses) or discretionary (independent living and entrance-fee communities.) For the table below, three parcels of land acquired have been included in their intended category.

Senior Housing – Need-Driven includes assisted living and memory care communities (“ALF”) and senior living campuses (“SLC”) which primarily attract private payment for services from residents who require assistance with activities of daily living. Need-driven properties are subject to regulatory oversight.

Senior Housing – Discretionary includes independent living (“ILF”) and entrance-fee communities (“EFC”) which primarily attract private payment for services from residents who are making the lifestyle choice of living in an age-restricted multi-family community that offers social programs, meals, housekeeping and in some cases access to healthcare services. Discretionary

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properties are subject to limited regulatory oversight. There is a correlation between demand for this type of community and the strength of the housing market.

Medical Properties within our portfolio primarily receive payment from Medicare, Medicaid and health insurance. These properties include skilled nursing facilities (“SNF”), medical office buildings (“MOB”) and hospitals that attract patients who have a need for acute or complex medical attention, preventative medicine, or rehabilitation services. Medical properties are subject to state and federal regulatory oversight and, in the case of hospitals, Joint Commission accreditation.

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The following tables summarize our investments in real estate, mortgage and other notes receivable and year-to-date revenue, excluding disposals, for each asset type as of September 30, 2016 (dollars in thousands):

Real Estate Properties
Properties

 
Beds/Sq. Ft.*

 
Revenue
 
%
 
Investment
 
Senior Housing - Need-Driven
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Assisted Living
76

 
3,689

 
$
38,338

 
21.3
%
 
$
627,551

 
 
Senior Living Campus
10

 
1,323

 
10,252

 
5.7
%
 
162,007

 
 
Total Senior Housing - Need-Driven
86

 
5,012

 
48,590

 
27.0
%
 
789,558

 
Senior Housing - Discretionary
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Independent Living
29

 
3,212

 
34,453

 
19.1
%
 
512,232

 
 
Entrance-Fee Communities
9

 
2,064

 
30,683

 
17.0
%
 
519,723

 
 
Total Senior Housing - Discretionary
38

 
5,276

 
65,136

 
36.2
%
 
1,031,955

 
 
Total Senior Housing
124

 
10,288

 
113,726

 
63.1
%
 
1,821,513

 
Medical Facilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Skilled Nursing Facilities
67

 
8,687

 
49,980

 
27.7
%
 
509,394

 
 
Hospitals
3

 
181

 
5,769

 
3.2
%
 
51,131

 
 
Medical Office Buildings
2

 
88,517

*
751

 
0.4
%
 
10,486

 
 
Total Medical Facilities
72

 
 
 
56,500

 
31.4
%
 
571,011

 
 
Total Real Estate Properties
196

 
 
 
$
170,226

 
94.5
%
 
$
2,392,524

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mortgage and Other Notes Receivable
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Senior Housing - Need-Driven
3

 
222

 
$
451

 
0.3
%
 
$
15,046

 
Senior Housing - Discretionary
1

 
400

 
6,026

 
3.3
%
 
127,325

 
Medical Facilities
6

 
450

 
880

 
0.5
%
 
12,623

 
Other Notes Receivable

 

 
2,558

 
1.4
%
 
28,999

 
 
Total Mortgage and Other Notes Receivable
10

 
1,072

 
9,915

 
5.5
%
 
183,993

 
 
Total Portfolio
206

 
 
 
$
180,141

 
100.0
%
 
$
2,576,517


Portfolio Summary
Properties

 
Beds/Sq. Ft.*

 
Revenue
 
%
 
Investment
 
Real Estate Properties
196

 
 
 
$
170,226

 
94.5
%
 
$
2,392,524

 
Mortgage and Other Notes Receivable
10

 
 
 
9,915

 
5.5
%
 
183,993

 
 
Total Portfolio
206

 
 
 
$
180,141

 
100.0
%
 
$
2,576,517

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Summary of Facilities by Type
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Senior Housing - Need-Driven
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Assisted Living
79

 
3,911

 
$
38,789

 
21.5
%
 
$
642,597

 
 
Senior Living Campus
10

 
1,323

 
10,252

 
5.7
%
 
162,007

 
 
Total Senior Housing - Need-Driven
89

 
5,234

 
49,041

 
27.2
%
 
804,604

 
Senior Housing - Discretionary
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Entrance-Fee Communities
10

 
2,464

 
36,709

 
20.4
%
 
647,048

 
 
Independent Living
29

 
3,212

 
34,453

 
19.1
%
 
512,232

 
 
Total Senior Housing - Discretionary
39

 
5,676

 
71,162

 
39.5
%
 
1,159,280

 
 
Total Senior Housing
128

 
10,910

 
120,203

 
66.7
%
 
1,963,884

 
Medical Facilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Skilled Nursing Facilities
73

 
9,137

 
50,860

 
28.3
%
 
522,017

 
 
Hospitals
3

 
181

 
5,769

 
3.2
%
 
51,131

 
 
Medical Office Buildings
2

 
88,517

*
751

 
0.4
%
 
10,486

 
 
Total Medical
78

 
 
 
57,380

 
31.9
%
 
583,634

 
Other

 
 
 
2,558

 
1.4
%
 
28,999

 
 
Total Portfolio
206

 
 
 
$
180,141

 
100.0
%
 
$
2,576,517

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Portfolio by Operator Type
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public
53

 
 
 
$
35,408

 
19.7
%
 
$
235,748

 
National Chain (Privately-Owned)
27

 
 
 
34,964

 
19.4
%
 
521,139

 
Regional
113

 
 
 
98,187

 
54.5
%
 
1,634,404

 
Small
13

 
 
 
11,582

 
6.4
%
 
185,226

 
 
Total Portfolio
206

 
 
 
$
180,141

 
100.0
%
 
$
2,576,517


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For the nine months ended September 30, 2016, operators of facilities which provided more than 3% of our total revenues were (in alphabetical order): Bickford Senior Living; The Ensign Group; Health Services Management; Holiday Retirement; Life Care Services; National HealthCare Corp; and Senior Living Communities.

As of September 30, 2016, our average effective annualized rental income was $8,250 per bed for skilled nursing facilities, $12,167 per unit for senior living campuses, $15,362 per unit for assisted living facilities, $14,333 per unit for independent living facilities, $21,167 per unit for entrance fee communities, $42,499 per bed for hospitals, and $11 per square foot for medical office buildings.

We may invest a portion of our funds in the common shares of other publicly-held healthcare REITs. At September 30, 2016, such investments had a carrying value of $23,871,000.

Areas of Focus

We are evaluating and will potentially make additional investments during the remainder of 2016 while we continue to monitor and improve our existing properties. We seek tenants who will become mission-oriented partners in relationships where our business goals are aligned. This approach fuels steady, and thus, enduring growth for those partners and for NHI. Within the context of our growth model, we rely on a cost-effective access to debt and equity capital to finance acquisitions that will drive our earnings. In recent months, our cost of debt capital has remained relatively flat while our stock price has risen to new highs presumably in response to our investment activity and a diminished concern over rising interest rates. Large-scale portfolios continue to command premium pricing, due to the continued abundance of private and foreign buyers seeking to invest in healthcare real estate. This combination of circumstances places a premium on our ability to execute those larger transactions that will generate meaningful earnings growth.

With lower capitalization rates for existing healthcare facilities, there has been increased interest in constructing new facilities in hopes of generating better returns on invested capital. Using our relationship-driven model, we continue to look for opportunities to support new and existing tenants and borrowers with the capital needed to expand existing facilities and to initiate ground-up development of new facilities. We concentrate our efforts in those markets where there is both a demonstrated demand for a particular product type and where we perceive we have a competitive advantage. The projects we agree to finance have attractive upside potential and are expected to provide above-average returns to our shareholders to mitigate the risks inherent with property development and construction.

Longer term borrowing rates are expected to increase in the U.S. As a result, there will be pressure on the spread between our cost of capital and the returns we earn. We expect that pressure to be partially mitigated by market forces that would tend to result in higher capitalization rates for healthcare assets and higher lease rates indicative of historical levels. Our cost of capital has increased over the past year as we transition some of our short term revolving borrowings into debt instruments with longer maturities and fixed interest rates. Managing long-term risk involves trade-offs with the competing alternative goal of maximizing short-term profitability. Our intention is to strike an appropriate balance between these competing interests within the context of our investor profile. Due to more favorable pricing, we presently prefer private placement debt over a public offering of bond debt.

For the nine months ended September 30, 2016, approximately 28% of our revenue from continuing operations was derived from operators of our skilled nursing facilities that receive a significant portion of their revenue from governmental payors, primarily Medicare and Medicaid. Such revenues are subject annually to statutory and regulatory changes and in recent years have been reduced due to federal and state budgetary pressures. Over the past five years, we have selectively diversified our portfolio by directing a significant portion of our investments into properties which do not rely primarily on Medicare and Medicaid reimbursement, but rather on private pay sources (assisted living and memory care facilities, senior living campuses, independent living facilities and entrance-fee communities). We will occasionally acquire skilled nursing facilities in good physical condition with a proven operator and strong local market fundamentals, because diversification implies a periodic rebalancing, but our recent investment focus has been on acquiring need-driven and discretionary senior housing assets.

Considering individual tenant lease revenue as a percentage of total revenue, Bickford Senior Living is our largest assisted living tenant, an affiliate of Holiday Retirement is our largest independent living tenant, National HealthCare Corporation is our largest skilled nursing tenant and Senior Living Communities is our largest entrance-fee community tenant. Our shift toward private payor facilities, as well as our expansion into the discretionary senior housing market, has further resulted in a portfolio whose current composition is relatively balanced between medical facilities, need-driven and discretionary senior housing.

We manage our business with a goal of increasing the regular annual dividends paid to shareholders. Our Board of Directors approves a regular quarterly dividend which is reflective of expected taxable income on a recurring basis. Our transactions that are infrequent and non-recurring that generate additional taxable income have been distributed to shareholders in the form of

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special dividends. Taxable income is determined in accordance with the Internal Revenue Code and differs from net income for financial statements purposes determined in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. Our goal of increasing annual dividends requires a careful balance between identification of high-quality lease and mortgage assets in which to invest and the cost of our capital with which to fund such investments. We consider the competing interests of short and long-term debt (interest rates, maturities and other terms) versus the higher cost of new equity. We accept some level of risk associated with leveraging our investments. We intend to continue to make new investments that meet our underwriting criteria and where the spreads over our cost of capital will generate sufficient returns to our shareholders.

Our projected dividends for the current year and actual dividends for the last two years are as follows:
20161
 
2015
 
2014
$
3.60

 
$
3.40

 
$
3.08

1 Based on $.90 per common share for the first, second and third quarters, annualized

Our investments in healthcare real estate have been partially accomplished by our ability to effectively leverage our balance sheet. However, we continue to maintain a relatively low-leverage balance sheet compared with many in our peer group. We believe that our fixed charge coverage ratio, which is the ratio of Adjusted EBITDA (earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, including amounts in discontinued operations, excluding real estate asset impairments and gains on dispositions) to fixed charges (interest expense at contractual rates net of capitalized interest and principal payments on debt), and the ratio of consolidated net debt to Adjusted EBITDA are meaningful measures of our ability to service our debt. We use these two measures as a useful basis to compare the strength of our balance sheet with those in our peer group. We also believe this gives us a competitive advantage when accessing debt markets.

We calculate our fixed charge coverage ratio as approximately 5.8x for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 (see our discussion of Adjusted EBITDA and a reconciliation to our net income on page 50). On an annualized basis, our consolidated net debt-to Adjusted EBITDA ratio is approximately 4.4x for the quarter ended September 30, 2016 (in thousands):

Consolidated Total Debt
$
1,086,018

Less: cash and cash equivalents
(4,197
)
Consolidated Net Debt
$
1,081,821

 
 
Adjusted EBITDA
$
61,508

Annualizing Adjustment
184,524

Annualized impact of recent investments
2,272

 
$
248,304

 
 
Consolidated Net Debt to Adjusted EBITDA
4.4
x

According to current projections by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the number of Americans 65 and older is expected to grow 36% between 2010 and 2020, compared to a 9% growth rate for the general population. As Transgenerationalaging.org notes: “The fastest-growing segment of the total population is the oldest old—those 80 and over. Their growth rate is twice that of those 65 and over and almost 4-times that for the total population. In the United States, this group now represents 10% of the older population and will more than triple from 5.7 million in 2010 to over 19 million by 2050.”

While affordability issues will play a limiting role in the movement of this oldest age demographic into active participation in the senior care market, the swelling in the ranks of the very old is expected to increase demand for senior housing properties of all types in the coming decades. There is increasing demand for private-pay senior housing properties in countries outside the U.S., as well. We therefore consider real estate and note investments with U.S. entities who seek to expand their senior housing operations into countries where local-market demand is sufficiently demonstrated.

Strong demographic trends provide the context for continued growth in 2016 and the years ahead. We plan to fund any new real estate and mortgage investments during 2016 using our liquid assets and debt financing. Should the weight of additional debt as a result of new acquisitions suggest the need to rebalance our capital structure, we would then expect to access the capital markets through an ATM or other equity offerings. Our disciplined investment strategy implemented through measured increments of debt and equity sets the stage for annual dividend growth, continued low leverage, a portfolio of diversified, high-quality assets,

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and business relationships with experienced operators who we make our priority, continue to be the key drivers of our business plan.

Critical Accounting Policies

See our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K for a discussion of critical accounting policies including those concerning revenue recognition, our status as a REIT, principles of consolidation, evaluation of impairments and allocation of property acquisition costs.

Significant Operators

As discussed in Note 2 to the condensed consolidated financial statements, we have four operators from whom we individually derive at least 10% of our rental income as follows (dollars in thousands):
 
 
 
 
 
Rental Income
 
 
 
 
 
 
Investment
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
Lease
 
Asset Class
 
Amount
 
2016
 
 
2015
 
 
Renewal
Holiday Retirement
ILF
 
$
493,378

 
$
32,863

19%
 
$
32,863

21%
 
2031
Senior Living Communities
EFC
 
476,000

 
29,566

17%
 
29,566

19%
 
2029
National HealthCare Corporation
SNF
 
171,297

 
28,357

17%
 
27,492

17%
 
2026
Bickford Senior Living
ALF
 
369,628

 
21,999

13%
 
17,844

11%
 
Various
All others
Various
 
882,221

 
58,589

34%
 
51,859

32%
 
Various
 
 
 
$
2,392,524

 
$
171,374


 
$
159,624

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Joint Venture

On September 30, 2016, NHI and Sycamore Street, LLC (“Sycamore”), an affiliate of Bickford Senior Living (“Bickford”) entered into a definitive agreement terminating their joint venture consisting of the ownership and operation of 32 stabilized properties and converting Bickford’s participation to a triple-net tenancy with assumption of existing leases and terms. During the period ended September 30, 2016, we owned an 85% equity interest and Sycamore owned a 15% equity interest in our consolidated subsidiary (“PropCo”) which owns 32 assisted living/memory care facilities, one new facility and four facilities in development. The facilities have been leased to an operating company (“OpCo”), in which we previously held a non-controlling 85% ownership interest. The facilities are managed by Bickford. Our joint venture was structured to comply with the provisions of RIDEA.

NHI agreed to redeem Bickford’s 15% interest in the real estate underlying the joint venture (PropCo) for a distribution to Bickford of $25,100,000, before the offset by Bickford of $8,100,000 payable to NHI in acquisition of our non-controlling 85% interest in senior housing operations (OpCo), which we have carried on our balance sheet as an equity-method investment through September 30, 2016. A remaining distribution of $10,546,000 related to the transaction is recorded in our accounts payable at September 30, 2016.

NHI’s gain of $1,657,000 from the sale of OpCo was calculated on the difference between the proceeds of $8,100,000 and the carrying amount of our equity-method investment of $6,443,000. No gain or loss was recognized on our acquisition of Bickford’s 15% interest in PropCo, which has previously been consolidated. Rather, Bickford’s non-controlling interest was de-recognized, and the difference between the fair value of NHI’s cost allocated to the redemption and the carrying amount for Bickford’s non-controlling interest was recorded as an adjustment to equity through additional-paid-in capital.