10-Q
Table of Contents


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 
 
 
FORM 10-Q
 
 
 
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2016
OR
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission File Number 0-29480 
 
HERITAGE FINANCIAL CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter) 
 
 
 
Washington
 
91-1857900
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
201 Fifth Avenue SW, Olympia, WA
 
98501
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
(360) 943-1500
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code) 

 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer
¨
  
Accelerated filer
x
Non-accelerated filer
¨
  
Smaller reporting company
¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  ý
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the last practicable date:
As of April 27, 2016 there were 29,971,545 shares of the registrant's common stock, no par value per share, outstanding.



Table of Contents


HERITAGE FINANCIAL CORPORATION
FORM 10-Q
INDEX
March 31, 2016
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
Part I.
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
 
 
 
Part II.
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 5.
Item 6.
 
 
CERTIFICATIONS
 




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FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS:

“Safe Harbor” statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995: This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q ("Form 10-Q") contains forward-looking statements that are subject to risks and uncertainties, including, but not limited to: our ability to successfully integrate any assets, liabilities, customers, systems, and management personnel we have acquired, including those from the Cowlitz Bank, Pierce Commercial Bank, Northwest Commercial Bank, Valley Community Bancshares, Inc. and Washington Banking Company transactions described in this Form 10-Q, or may in the future acquire, into our operations and our ability to realize related revenue synergies and cost savings within expected time frames or at all, and any goodwill charges related thereto and costs or difficulties relating to integration matters, including but not limited to customer and employee retention, which might be greater than expected; the credit risks of lending activities, including changes in the level and trend of loan delinquencies and write-offs and changes in our allowance for loan losses and provision for loan losses that may be effected by deterioration in the housing and commercial real estate markets, which may lead to increased losses and non-performing assets in our loan portfolio, and may result in our allowance for loan losses no longer being adequate to cover actual losses, and require us to increase our allowance for loan losses; changes in general economic conditions, either nationally or in our market areas; changes in the levels of general interest rates, and the relative differences between short and long term interest rates, deposit interest rates, our net interest margin and funding sources; risks related to acquiring assets in or entering markets in which we have not previously operated and may not be familiar; fluctuations in the demand for loans, the number of unsold homes and other properties and fluctuations in real estate values in our market areas; results of examinations of us by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and of our bank subsidiary by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation ("FDIC"), the Washington State Department of Financial Institutions, Division of Banks or other regulatory authorities, including the possibility that any such regulatory authority may, among other things, initiate an enforcement action against the Company or our bank subsidiary which could require us to increase our allowance for loan losses, write-down assets, change our regulatory capital position, affect our ability to borrow funds or maintain or increase deposits, or impose additional requirements on us, any of which could affect our ability to continue our growth through mergers, acquisitions or similar transactions and adversely affect our liquidity and earnings; legislative or regulatory changes that adversely affect our business including changes in regulatory policies and principles, or the interpretation of regulatory capital or other rules including as a result of Basel III; our ability to control operating costs and expenses; the impact of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act and the implementing regulations; further increases in premiums for deposit insurance; the use of estimates in determining fair value of certain of our assets, which estimates may prove to be incorrect and result in significant declines in valuation; difficulties in reducing risk associated with the loans on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition; staffing fluctuations in response to product demand or the implementation of corporate strategies that affect our workforce and potential associated charges; failure or security breach of computer systems on which we depend; our ability to retain key members of our senior management team; costs and effects of litigation, including settlements and judgments; our ability to implement our expansion strategy of pursuing acquisitions and de novo branching; increased competitive pressures among financial service companies; changes in consumer spending, borrowing and savings habits; the availability of resources to address changes in laws, rules, or regulations or to respond to regulatory actions; adverse changes in the securities markets; inability of key third-party providers to perform their obligations to us; changes in accounting policies and practices, as may be adopted by the financial institution regulatory agencies or the Financial Accounting Standards Board, including additional guidance and interpretation on accounting issues and details of the implementation of new accounting methods; and other economic, competitive, governmental, regulatory, and technological factors affecting our operations, pricing, products and services and other risks detailed from time to time in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission including our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015.
The Company cautions readers not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements. Moreover, you should treat these statements as speaking only as of the date they are made and based only on information then actually known to the Company. The Company does not undertake and specifically disclaims any obligation to revise any forward-looking statements to reflect the occurrence of anticipated or unanticipated events or circumstances after the date of such statements. These risks could cause our actual results for future periods to differ materially from those expressed in any forward-looking statements by, or on behalf of, us, and could negatively affect the Company’s operating results and stock price performance.
As used throughout this report, the terms “we”, “our”, “us”, or the “Company” refer to Heritage Financial Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries, unless the context otherwise requires.


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PART I.     FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1.     FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

HERITAGE FINANCIAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
(Unaudited)
 
 
March 31, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
 
 
(Dollars in thousands)
ASSETS
 
 
 
 
Cash on hand and in banks
 
$
61,508


$
63,816

Interest earning deposits
 
32,511


62,824

Cash and cash equivalents
 
94,019


126,640

Other interest earning deposits
 
5,461


6,719

Investment securities available for sale, at fair value
 
822,171


811,869

Loans held for sale
 
7,036

 
7,682

Loans receivable, net
 
2,459,148

 
2,402,042

Allowance for loan losses
 
(29,667
)
 
(29,746
)
Total loans receivable, net
 
2,429,481

 
2,372,296

Other real estate owned
 
1,826


2,019

Premises and equipment, net
 
61,182


61,891

Federal Home Loan Bank stock, at cost
 
4,380


4,148

Bank owned life insurance
 
61,238

 
60,876

Accrued interest receivable
 
11,003


10,469

Prepaid expenses and other assets
 
52,752


58,365

Other intangible assets, net
 
8,454


8,789

Goodwill
 
119,029


119,029

Total assets
 
$
3,678,032


$
3,650,792

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
 
 
 
 
Deposits
 
$
3,130,929

 
$
3,108,287

Junior subordinated debentures
 
19,497

 
19,424

Securities sold under agreement to repurchase
 
20,342

 
23,214

Accrued expenses and other liabilities
 
27,083

 
29,897

Total liabilities
 
3,197,851

 
3,180,822

Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
 
Preferred stock, no par value, 2,500,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015
 

 

Common stock, no par value, 50,000,000 shares authorized; 29,972,066 and 29,975,439 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively
 
358,158

 
359,451

Retained earnings
 
113,753

 
107,960

Accumulated other comprehensive income, net
 
8,270

 
2,559

Total stockholders’ equity
 
480,181

 
469,970

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
 
$
3,678,032

 
$
3,650,792

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

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HERITAGE FINANCIAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
 
(Dollars in thousands,
except per share amounts)
INTEREST INCOME
 
 
 
 
Interest and fees on loans
 
$
30,177

 
$
30,481

Taxable interest on investment securities
 
2,796

 
2,684

Nontaxable interest on investment securities
 
1,171

 
1,033

Interest and dividends on other interest earning assets
 
91

 
51

Total interest income
 
34,235

 
34,249

INTEREST EXPENSE
 
 
 
 
Deposits
 
1,254

 
1,318

Junior subordinated debentures
 
210

 
239

Other borrowings
 
11

 
18

Total interest expense
 
1,475

 
1,575

Net interest income
 
32,760

 
32,674

Provision for loan losses
 
1,139

 
1,208

Net interest income after provision for loan losses
 
31,621

 
31,466

NONINTEREST INCOME
 
 
 
 
Service charges and other fees
 
3,356

 
3,295

Gain on sale of investment securities, net
 
560

 
544

Gain on sale of loans, net
 
729

 
1,135

Gain on sale of Merchant Visa portfolio
 

 
1,650

Other income
 
2,345

 
1,721

Total noninterest income
 
6,990

 
8,345

NONINTEREST EXPENSE
 
 
 
 
Compensation and employee benefits
 
15,121

 
14,225

Occupancy and equipment
 
3,836

 
3,691

Data processing
 
1,792

 
1,627

Marketing
 
728

 
633

Professional services
 
845

 
805

State and local taxes
 
607

 
620

Federal deposit insurance premium
 
492

 
516

Other real estate owned, net
 
411

 
658

Amortization of intangible assets
 
335

 
527

Other expense
 
2,202

 
2,736

Total noninterest expense
 
26,369

 
26,038

Income before income taxes
 
12,242

 
13,773

Income tax expense
 
3,151

 
3,994

Net income
 
$
9,091

 
$
9,779

Basic earnings per common share
 
$
0.30

 
$
0.32

Diluted earnings per common share
 
$
0.30

 
$
0.32

Dividends declared per common share
 
$
0.11

 
$
0.10

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

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HERITAGE FINANCIAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Unaudited)

 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
 
(In thousands)
Net income
 
$
9,091

 
$
9,779

Change in fair value of investment securities available for sale, net of tax of $3,285 and $1,705, respectively
 
6,075

 
3,152

Reclassification adjustment for net gain from sale of investment securities available for sale included in income, net of tax of $(196) and $(190), respectively
 
(364
)
 
(354
)
Accretion of other-than-temporary impairment on investment securities, net of tax of $0 and $4, respectively
 

 
8

Other comprehensive income
 
5,711

 
2,806

Comprehensive income
 
$
14,802

 
$
12,585

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


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HERITAGE FINANCIAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
(Unaudited)
 
Number of
common
shares
 
Common
stock
 
Retained
earnings
 
Accumulated
other
comprehensive income, net
 
Total
stock-
holders’
equity
 
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
Balance at December 31, 2014
30,260

 
$
364,741

 
$
86,387

 
$
3,378

 
$
454,506

Restricted and unrestricted stock awards issued, net of forfeitures
89

 

 

 

 

Exercise of stock options (including excess tax benefits from nonqualified stock options)
37

 
461

 

 

 
461

Restricted stock compensation expense

 
348

 

 

 
348

Net excess tax benefits from vesting of restricted stock

 
26

 

 

 
26

Common stock repurchased
(147
)
 
(2,374
)
 

 

 
(2,374
)
Net income

 

 
9,779

 

 
9,779

Other comprehensive income, net of tax

 

 

 
2,806

 
2,806

Cash dividends declared on common stock ($0.10 per share)

 

 
(3,026
)
 

 
(3,026
)
Balance at March 31, 2015
30,239

 
$
363,202

 
$
93,140

 
$
6,184

 
$
462,526

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at December 31, 2015
29,975

 
$
359,451

 
$
107,960

 
$
2,559

 
$
469,970

Restricted and unrestricted stock awards issued, net of forfeitures
98

 

 

 

 

Exercise of stock options (including excess tax benefits from nonqualified stock options)
10

 
142

 

 

 
142

Restricted stock compensation expense

 
445

 

 

 
445

Net excess tax benefits from vesting of restricted stock

 
23

 

 

 
23

Common stock repurchased
(111
)
 
(1,903
)
 

 

 
(1,903
)
Net income

 

 
9,091

 

 
9,091

Other comprehensive income, net of tax

 

 

 
5,711

 
5,711

Cash dividends declared on common stock ($0.11 per share)

 

 
(3,298
)
 

 
(3,298
)
Balance at March 31, 2016
29,972

 
$
358,158

 
$
113,753

 
$
8,270

 
$
480,181

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


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HERITAGE FINANCIAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
 
(In thousands)
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
$
9,091

 
$
9,779

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
 
3,313

 
3,392

Changes in net deferred loan costs, net of amortization
 
(377
)
 
(630
)
Provision for loan losses
 
1,139

 
1,208

Net change in accrued interest receivable, FDIC indemnification asset, prepaid expenses and other assets, accrued expenses and other liabilities
 
(881
)
 
(10,948
)
Restricted stock compensation expense
 
445

 
348

Net excess tax benefit from exercise of stock options and vesting of restricted stock
 
(23
)
 
(41
)
Amortization of intangible assets
 
335

 
527

Gain on sale of investment securities, net
 
(560
)
 
(544
)
Origination of loans held for sale
 
(23,186
)
 
(29,150
)
Gain on sale of loans, net
 
(729
)
 
(1,135
)
Proceeds from sale of loans
 
24,561

 
27,125

Earnings on bank owned life insurance
 
(362
)
 
(170
)
Valuation adjustment on other real estate owned
 
312

 
330

(Gain) loss on sale of other real estate owned, net
 
(10
)
 
70

Net cash provided by operating activities
 
13,068

 
161

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
 
Loans originated, net of principal payments
 
(58,599
)
 
(39,456
)
Maturities of other interest earning deposits
 
1,248

 
747

Maturities, calls and payments of investment securities available for sale
 
23,047

 
28,899

Maturities, calls and payments of investment securities held to maturity
 

 
314

Purchase of investment securities available for sale
 
(76,580
)
 
(55,728
)
Purchase of premises and equipment
 
(290
)
 
(545
)
Proceeds from sales of other real estate owned
 
543

 
589

Proceeds from sales of investment securities available for sale
 
50,440

 
23,887

Proceeds from redemption of FHLB stock
 

 
166

Purchases of FHLB stock
 
(232
)
 

Investment in low-income housing tax credit partnership
 

 
(236
)
Net cash used in investing activities
 
(60,423
)
 
(41,363
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
 
Net increase in deposits
 
22,642

 
6,127

Net increase in FHLB advances
 

 
7,420

Common stock cash dividends paid
 
(3,298
)
 
(3,026
)
Net decrease in securities sold under agreement to repurchase
 
(2,872
)
 
(9,004
)
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
 
142

 
446

Net excess tax benefit from exercise of stock options and vesting of restricted stock
 
23

 
41

Repurchase of common stock
 
(1,903
)
 
(2,374
)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
 
14,734

 
(370
)

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Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
 
(In thousands)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
 
(32,621
)
 
(41,572
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
 
126,640

 
121,636

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
 
$
94,019

 
$
80,064

 
 
 
 
 
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:
 
 
 
 
Cash paid for interest
 
$
1,483

 
$
1,720

Cash paid for income taxes
 

 
8,256

 
 
 
 
 
Supplemental non-cash disclosures of cash flow information:
 
 
 
 
Transfers of loans receivable to other real estate owned
 
$
652

 
$
1,728

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

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HERITAGE FINANCIAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

(1)
Description of Business, Basis of Presentation, Significant Accounting Policies and Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
(a) Description of Business
Heritage Financial Corporation ("Heritage" or the “Company”) is a bank holding company that was incorporated in the State of Washington in August 1997. The Company is primarily engaged in the business of planning, directing and coordinating the business activities of its wholly-owned subsidiary, Heritage Bank (the “Bank”). The Bank is a Washington-chartered commercial bank and its deposits are insured by the FDIC under the Deposit Insurance Fund. The Bank is headquartered in Olympia, Washington and conducts business from its 63 branch offices located throughout Washington State and the greater Portland, Oregon area. The Bank’s business consists primarily of commercial lending and deposit relationships with small businesses and their owners in its market areas and attracting deposits from the general public. The Bank also makes real estate construction and land development loans and consumer loans and originates first mortgage loans on residential properties primarily located in its market area.
The Company has expanded its footprint through mergers and acquisitions. The largest of these transactions was the strategic merger with Washington Banking Company (“Washington Banking”) and its wholly owned subsidiary bank, Whidbey Island Bank ("Whidbey"). Effective May 1, 2014, Washington Banking merged with and into Heritage and Whidbey merged with and into Heritage Bank and this transaction is referred to herein as the "Washington Banking Merger". In connection with the Washington Banking Merger, Heritage also acquired as a subsidiary the Washington Banking Master Trust, a Delaware statutory business trust. Pursuant to the merger agreement, Heritage assumed the performance and observance of the covenants to be performed by Washington Banking under an indenture relating to $25.0 million in trust preferred securities issued in 2007 and the due and punctual payment of the principal of and premium and interest on such trust preferred securities. For additional information, see Note (7) Junior Subordinated Debentures.
(b) Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. It is recommended that these unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying Notes be read with the audited Consolidated Financial Statements and the accompanying Notes included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015 (“2015 Annual Form 10-K”). In management's opinion, all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2016 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2016. In preparing the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, management is required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, expenses and related disclosures. Management believes that the judgments, estimates and assumptions used in the preparation of the financial statements are appropriate based on the facts and circumstances at the time. Actual results, however, could differ from those estimates.
Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period’s presentation. Reclassifications had no effect on prior periods' net income or stockholders’ equity.
(c) Significant Accounting Policies
The significant accounting policies used in preparation of the Company's Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are disclosed in the 2015 Annual Form 10-K. There have not been any material changes in the Company's significant accounting policies from those contained in the 2015 Annual Form 10-K.
(d) Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") Accounting Standards Update ("ASU" or "Update") 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, was issued in May 2014. Under this Update, FASB created a new Topic 606 which is in response to a joint initiative of FASB and the International Accounting Standards Board to clarify the principles for recognizing revenue and to develop a common revenue standard for U.S. GAAP and international financial reporting standards that would:
Remove inconsistencies and weaknesses in revenue requirements.
Provide a more robust framework for addressing revenue issues.

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Improve comparability of revenue recognition practices across entities, industries, jurisdictions, and capital markets.
Provide more useful information to users of financial statements through improved disclosure requirements.
Simplify the preparation of financial statements by reducing the number of requirements to which an entity must refer.
The original effective date for this Update was deferred in FASB ASU 2015-14 below. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that the Update will have on its Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
FASB ASU 2015-14, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, was issued in August 2015 and defers the effective date of the above-mentioned FASB ASU 2014-09 for certain entities. Public business entities, certain not-for-profit entities, and certain employee benefit plans should apply the guidance in Update 2014-09 to annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim reporting periods within that reporting period. Earlier application is now permitted, but only as of annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim reporting periods within that reporting period. The Company is a public business entity and will not early adopt as permitted in this Update. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that the Update will have on its Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements upon adoption.
FASB ASU 2015-16, Business Combinations (Topic 805), was issued in September 2015. Topic 805 requires that an acquirer retrospectively adjust provisional amounts recognized in a business combination, during the measurement period. To simplify the accounting for adjustments made to provisional amounts, the Update requires that the acquirer recognize adjustments to provisional amounts that are identified during the measurement period in the reporting period in which the adjustment amount is determined. The acquirer is required to also record, in the same period’s financial statements, the effect on earnings of changes in depreciation, amortization, or other income effects, if any, as a result of the change to the provisional amounts, calculated as if the accounting had been completed at the acquisition date.  In addition, an entity is required to present separately on the face of the income statement or disclose in the notes to the financial statements the portion of the amount recorded in current-period earnings by line item that would have been recorded in previous reporting periods if the adjustment to the provisional amounts had been recognized as of the acquisition date. The Update did not have an impact on the Company's Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements as of March 31, 2016.
FASB ASU 2016-01, Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities (Subtopic 825-10), was issued in January 2016, to enhance the reporting model for financial instruments to provide users of financial statements with more decision-useful information. This Update contains several provisions, including but not limited to 1) require equity investments, with certain exceptions, to be measured at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in net income; 2) simplify the impairment assessment of equity investments without readily determinable fair values by requiring a qualitative assessment to identify impairment; 3) eliminated the requirement to disclose the method(s) and significant assumptions used to estimate fair value ; and 4) require separate presentation of financial assets and liabilities by measurement category and form of financial asset on the balance sheet or the accompanying notes to the financial statements. The Update is effective for public entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that the Update will have on its Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
FASB ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), was issued in February 2016, to increase transparency and comparability of leases among organizations and to disclose key information about leasing arrangements. The Update sets out the principles for the recognition, measurement, presentation and disclosure of leases for both lessees and lessors. The Update requires lessees to apply a dual approach, classifying leases as either finance or operating lease. This classification will determine whether the lease expense is recognized based on an effective interest method or on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease. A lessee is also required to record a right-of-use asset and a lease liability for all leases with a term greater than 12 months regardless of their classification. All cash payments will be classified within operating activities in the statement of cash flows. In transition, lessees and lessors are required to recognize and measure leases at the beginning of the earliest period presented using a modified retrospective approach. The Update is effective for public entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that the Update will have on its Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

FASB ASU 2016-08, Revenue from Contracts with Customers: Principal versus Agent Considerations, was issued in March 2016 which clarifies the implementation guidance of the above-mentioned FASB ASU 2014-09 as it relates to principal versus agent considerations. The Update addresses identifying the unit of account and nature of the goods or service as well as applying the control principle and interactions with the control principle. The amendments to the Update do not change the core principle of the guidance. The effective date and transition requirements for this

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Update are the same as FASB ASU 2014-19. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that the Update will have on its Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

FASB ASU 2016-09, Stock Compensation (Topic 718), issued in March 2016, intends to simplify several aspects of the accounting for share-based payment award transactions. For public business entities, the guidance is effective for annual periods after December 15, 2016 and interim periods within those annual periods. Early adoption is permitted. Certain amendments will be applied using a modified retrospective transition method by means of a cumulative-effect adjustment to equity as of the beginning of the period in which the guidance is adopted. Other amendments will be applied retroactively (such as presentation of employee taxes paid on the statement of cash flows) or prospectively (such as recognition of excess tax benefits on the income statement). The Company is currently evaluating the impact that this Update will have on its Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

FASB ASU 2016-10, Revenue from Contracts with Customers: Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing, was issued in April 2016 which clarifies the implementation guidance of the above-mentioned FASB ASU 2014-09 as it relates to identifying performance obligations and licensing. The effective date and transition requirements for this Update are the same as FASB ASU 2014-19. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that this Update will have on its Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

(2)
Investment Securities
The Company’s investment policy is designed primarily to provide and maintain liquidity, generate a favorable return on assets without incurring undue interest rate and credit risk, and complement the Bank’s lending activities. Securities are classified as either available for sale or held to maturity when acquired. During the year ended December 31, 2015, the Company transferred all of its investment securities previously classified as held to maturity to available for sale. As a result of the transfer and subsequent sales, the Company believes its held to maturity classification process has been compromised and careful evaluation and analysis will be required going forward in determining when circumstances are suitable for management to assert with a great degree of credibility that it has the intent and ability to hold investments to maturity.

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(a) Securities by Type and Maturity
The amortized cost, gross unrealized gains, gross unrealized losses and fair values of investment securities available for sale at the dates indicated were as follows:
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
 
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 
Fair
Value
 
(In thousands)
March 31, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. Treasury and U.S. Government-sponsored agencies
$
19,117

 
$
119

 
$
(3
)
 
$
19,233

Municipal securities
228,162

 
6,457

 
(81
)
 
234,538

Mortgage backed securities and collateralized mortgage obligations-residential:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. Government-sponsored agencies
552,879

 
7,051

 
(734
)
 
559,196

Corporate obligations
9,220

 
4

 
(96
)
 
9,128

Mutual funds and other equities
45

 
31

 

 
76

Total
$
809,423

 
$
13,662

 
$
(914
)
 
$
822,171

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
December 31, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. Treasury and U.S. Government-sponsored agencies
$
35,618

 
$
145

 
$
(186
)
 
$
35,577

Municipal securities
216,352

 
4,826

 
(185
)
 
220,993

Mortgage backed securities and collateralized mortgage obligations-residential:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. Government-sponsored agencies
546,654

 
2,092

 
(2,614
)
 
546,132

Corporate obligations
9,252

 

 
(139
)
 
9,113

Mutual funds and other equities
45

 
9

 

 
54

Total
$
807,921

 
$
7,072

 
$
(3,124
)
 
$
811,869

There were no securities classified as trading or held to maturity at March 31, 2016 or December 31, 2015.
The amortized cost and fair value of investment securities available for sale at March 31, 2016, by contractual maturity, are set forth below. Actual maturities may differ from contractual maturities because certain borrowers have the right to call or prepay obligations with or without call or prepayment penalties.
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Fair Value
 
(In thousands)
Due in one year or less
$
4,840

 
$
4,869

Due after one year through three years
33,352

 
33,777

Due after three years through five years
68,444

 
69,441

Due after five years through ten years
236,417

 
240,952

Due after ten years
466,325

 
473,056

Investment securities with no stated maturities
45

 
76

Total
$
809,423

 
$
822,171


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(b) Unrealized Losses and Other-Than-Temporary Impairments
The following table shows the gross unrealized losses and fair value of the Company's investment securities available for sale that are not deemed to be other-than-temporarily impaired, aggregated by investment category and length of time that the individual securities have been in continuous unrealized loss positions as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015 were as follows:
 
Less than 12 Months
 
12 Months or
Longer
 
Total
 
Fair
Value
 
Unrealized
Losses
 
Fair
Value
 
Unrealized
Losses
 
Fair
Value
 
Unrealized
Losses
 
(In thousands)
March 31, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. Treasury and U.S. Government-sponsored agencies
$
3,997

 
$
(3
)
 
$

 
$

 
$
3,997

 
$
(3
)
Municipal securities
10,774

 
(71
)
 
2,095

 
(10
)
 
12,869

 
(81
)
Mortgage backed securities and collateralized mortgage obligations-residential:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. Government-sponsored agencies
66,299

 
(466
)
 
34,856

 
(268
)
 
101,155

 
(734
)
Corporate obligations
4,942

 
(78
)
 
990

 
(18
)
 
5,932

 
(96
)
Total
$
86,012

 
$
(618
)
 
$
37,941

 
$
(296
)
 
$
123,953

 
$
(914
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
December 31, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. Treasury and U.S. Government-sponsored agencies
$
30,381

 
$
(186
)
 
$

 
$

 
$
30,381

 
$
(186
)
Municipal securities
21,929

 
(174
)
 
2,068

 
(11
)
 
23,997

 
(185
)
Mortgage backed securities and collateralized mortgage obligations-residential:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. Government-sponsored agencies
268,159

 
(2,141
)
 
43,938

 
(473
)
 
312,097

 
(2,614
)
Corporate obligations
8,134

 
(110
)
 
979

 
(29
)
 
9,113

 
(139
)
Total
$
328,603

 
$
(2,611
)
 
$
46,985

 
$
(513
)
 
$
375,588

 
$
(3,124
)
The Company has evaluated these investment securities available for sale as of March 31, 2016 and has determined that the decline in their value is temporary. The unrealized losses are primarily due to increases in market interest rates. The fair value of these securities is expected to recover as the securities approach their maturity date. None of the underlying bonds of the municipal securities had credit ratings that were below investment grade levels at March 31, 2016 or December 31, 2015. The Company has the ability and intent to hold the investments until recovery of the securities' amortized cost which may be the maturity date of the securities.
As there were no private-residential collateralized mortgage obligations at March 31, 2016, the Company did not perform an other-than-temporary impairment analysis for the three months ended March 31, 2016 on these held to maturity securities. For the three months ended March 31, 2015, there were no investment securities held to maturity determined to be other-than-temporarily impaired and the Company recorded no unrealized losses for the three months ended March 31, 2015 in earnings or other comprehensive income. To analyze the unrealized losses, the Company estimated expected future cash flows of the investments by estimating the expected future cash flows of the underlying collateral and applying those collateral cash flows, together with any credit enhancements such as subordinated interests owned by third parties, to the security. The expected future cash flows of the underlying collateral were determined using the remaining contractual cash flows adjusted for future expected credit losses (which considers current delinquencies and nonperforming assets, future expected default rates and collateral value by vintage and geographic region) and prepayments. The expected cash flows of the security were then discounted at the interest rate used to recognize interest income on the security to arrive at a present value amount. The Company did not use any impairment assumptions as of March 31, 2015 as the unrealized losses were insignificant. The gross and net life-

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to-date other-than-temporary impairments recorded by the Company as of December 31, 2015 was $2.6 million and $1.5 million, respectively.

(c) Pledged Securities
The following table summarizes the amortized cost and fair value of investment securities available for sale that are pledged as collateral for the following obligations at March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015:
 
March 31, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Fair
Value
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Fair
Value
 
(In thousands)
Washington and Oregon state to secure public deposits
$
203,568

 
$
208,366

 
$
212,325

 
$
215,284

Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco and Federal Home Loan Bank to secure borrowing arrangements

 

 
506

 
506

Repurchase agreements
29,919

 
30,242

 
28,500

 
28,503

Other securities pledged
2,114

 
2,151

 
2,125

 
2,160

Total
$
235,601

 
$
240,759

 
$
243,456

 
$
246,453



(3)
Loans Receivable
The Company originates loans in the ordinary course of business and has also acquired loans through FDIC-assisted and open bank transactions. Disclosures related to the Company's recorded investment in loans receivable generally exclude accrued interest receivable and net deferred loan origination fees and costs because they are insignificant.
Loans acquired in a business combination may be further classified as “purchased” loans. Loans purchased with evidence of credit deterioration since origination for which it is probable that not all contractually required payments will be collected are accounted for under FASB Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 310-30, Loans and Debt Securities Acquired with Deteriorated Credit Quality. These loans are identified as “purchased credit impaired” ("PCI") loans. Loans purchased that are not accounted for under FASB ASC 310-30 are accounted for under FASB ASC 310-20, Receivables—Nonrefundable Fees and Other Costs and are referred to as "non-PCI" loans.

(a) Loan Origination/Risk Management
The Company categorizes loans in one of the four segments of the total loan portfolio: commercial business, one-to-four family residential, real estate construction and land development and consumer. Within these segments are classes of loans for which management monitors and assesses credit risk in the loan portfolios. The Company has certain lending policies and procedures in place that are designed to maximize loan income within an acceptable level of risk. Management reviews and approves these policies and procedures on a regular basis. A reporting system supplements the review process by providing management with frequent reports related to loan production, loan quality, concentrations of credit, loan delinquencies, and nonperforming and potential problem loans. The Company also conducts internal loan reviews and validates the credit risk assessment on a periodic basis and presents the results of these reviews to management. The loan review process complements and reinforces the risk identification and assessment decisions made by loan officers and credit personnel, as well as the Company’s policies and procedures.
A discussion of the risk characteristics of each loan portfolio segment is as follows:
Commercial Business:
There are three significant classes of loans in the commercial portfolio segment: commercial and industrial loans, owner-occupied commercial real estate and non-owner occupied commercial real estate. The owner and non-owner occupied commercial real estate are both considered commercial real estate loans. As the commercial and industrial loans carry different risk characteristics than the commercial real estate loans, they are discussed separately below.
Commercial and industrial. Commercial and industrial loans are primarily made based on the identified cash flows of the borrower and secondarily on the underlying collateral provided by the borrower. The cash flows of borrowers, however, may not be as expected and the collateral securing these loans may fluctuate in value. Most commercial and

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industrial loans are secured by the assets being financed or other business assets such as accounts receivable or inventory and may include a personal guarantee; however, some short-term loans may be made on an unsecured basis. In the case of loans secured by accounts receivable, the availability of funds for the repayment of these loans may be substantially dependent on the ability of the borrower to collect amounts due from its customers.
Commercial real estate. The Company originates commercial real estate loans within its primary market areas. These loans are subject to underwriting standards and processes similar to commercial and industrial loans, in addition to those of real estate loans. These loans are viewed primarily as cash flow loans and secondarily as loans secured by real estate. Commercial real estate involves more risk than other classes of loans in that the lending typically involves higher loan principal amounts, and payments on loans secured by real estate properties are dependent on successful operation and management of the properties. Repayment of these loans may be more adversely affected by conditions in the real estate market or the economy. Owner-occupied commercial real estate loans are generally of lower credit risk than non-owner occupied commercial real estate loans as the borrowers' businesses are likely dependent on the properties.
One-to-Four Family Residential:
The majority of the Company’s one-to-four family residential loans are secured by single-family residences located in its primary market areas. The Company’s underwriting standards require that single-family portfolio loans generally are owner-occupied and do not exceed 80% of the lower of appraised value at origination or cost of the underlying collateral. Terms of maturity typically range from 15 to 30 years. Historically, the Company sold most single-family loans in the secondary market and retained a smaller portion in its loan portfolio. From the second quarter of 2013 until May 1, 2014, the Company only originated single-family loans for its loan portfolio. As a result of the Washington Banking Merger, since May 1, 2014 the Company is originating and selling a majority of its single-family mortgages.
Real Estate Construction and Land Development:
The Company originates construction loans for one-to-four family residential and for five or more family residential and commercial properties. The one-to-four family residential construction loans generally include construction of custom homes whereby the home buyer is the borrower. The Company also provides financing to builders for the construction of pre-sold homes and, in selected cases, to builders for the construction of speculative residential property. Substantially all construction loans are short-term in nature and priced with variable rates of interest. Construction lending can involve a higher level of risk than other types of lending because funds are advanced partially based upon the value of the project, which is uncertain prior to the project’s completion. Because of the uncertainties inherent in estimating construction costs as well as the market value of a completed project and the effects of governmental regulation of real property, the Company’s estimates with regard to the total funds required to complete a project and the related loan-to-value ratio may vary from actual results. As a result, construction loans often involve the disbursement of substantial funds with repayment dependent, in part, on the success of the ultimate project and the ability of the borrower to sell or lease the property or refinance the indebtedness. If the Company’s estimate of the value of a project at completion proves to be overstated, it may have inadequate security for repayment of the loan and may incur a loss if the borrower does not repay the loan. Sources of repayment for these types of loans may be pre-committed permanent loans from approved long-term lenders, sales of developed property or an interim loan commitment from the Company until permanent financing is obtained. These loans are closely monitored by on-site inspections and are considered to have higher risks than other real estate loans due to their ultimate repayment being dependent upon successful completion of the construction project, interest rate changes, government regulation of real property, general economic conditions and the availability of long-term financing.
Consumer:
The Company originates consumer loans and lines of credit that are both secured and unsecured. The underwriting process for these loans ensures a qualifying primary and secondary source of repayment. Underwriting standards for home equity loans are significantly influenced by statutory requirements, which include, but are not limited to, a maximum loan-to-value percentage of 80%, collection remedies, the number of such loans a borrower can have at one time and documentation requirements. To monitor and manage consumer loan risk, policies and procedures are developed and modified, as needed. The majority of consumer loans are for relatively small amounts disbursed among many individual borrowers which reduces the credit risk for this type of loan. To further reduce the risk, trend reports are reviewed by management on a regular basis.
As a result of the Washington Banking Merger, the Company is originating indirect consumer loans. These loans are for new and used automobile and recreational vehicles that are originated indirectly by selected dealers located in the Company's market areas. The Company has limited its purchase of indirect loans primarily to dealerships that are established and well known in their market areas and to applicants that are not classified as sub-prime.

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Loans receivable at March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015 consisted of the following portfolio segments and classes:
 
March 31, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
 
(In thousands)
Commercial business:
 
 
 
Commercial and industrial
$
592,308

 
$
596,726

Owner-occupied commercial real estate
630,486

 
629,207

Non-owner occupied commercial real estate
730,489

 
697,388

Total commercial business
1,953,283

 
1,923,321

One-to-four family residential
72,806

 
72,548

Real estate construction and land development:
 
 
 
One-to-four family residential
47,296

 
51,752

Five or more family residential and commercial properties
71,998

 
55,325

Total real estate construction and land development
119,294

 
107,077

Consumer
312,459

 
298,167

Gross loans receivable
2,457,842

 
2,401,113

Net deferred loan costs
1,306

 
929

 Loans receivable, net
2,459,148

 
2,402,042

Allowance for loan losses
(29,667
)
 
(29,746
)
 Total loans receivable, net
$
2,429,481

 
$
2,372,296

(b) Concentrations of Credit
Most of the Company’s lending activity occurs within Washington State, and to a lesser extent Oregon. The Company’s primary market areas are concentrated along the I-5 corridor from Whatcom County to Clark County in Washington State and Multnomah County in Oregon, as well as other contiguous markets. The Washington Banking Merger expanded the Company's market area north of Seattle, Washington to the Canadian border. The majority of the Company’s loan portfolio consists of, in order of balances at March 31, 2016, non-owner occupied commercial real estate, owner-occupied commercial real estate and commercial and industrial. As of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, there were no concentrations of loans related to any single industry in excess of 10% of the Company’s total loans.
(c) Credit Quality Indicators
As part of the on-going monitoring of the credit quality of the Company’s loan portfolio, management tracks certain credit quality indicators including trends related to (i) the risk grade of the loans, (ii) the level of classified loans, (iii) net charge-offs, (iv) nonperforming loans, and (v) the general economic conditions of the United States of America, and specifically the states of Washington and Oregon. The Company utilizes a risk grading matrix to assign a risk grade to each of its loans. Loans are graded on a scale of 0 to 10. A description of the general characteristics of the risk grades is as follows:
Grades 0 to 5: These grades are considered “pass grade” and include loans with negligible to above average but acceptable risk. These borrowers generally have strong to acceptable capital levels and consistent earnings and debt service capacity. Loans with the higher grades within the “pass” category may include borrowers who are experiencing unusual operating difficulties, but have acceptable payment performance to date. Increased monitoring of financials and/or collateral may be appropriate. Loans with this grade show no immediate loss exposure.
Grade 6: This grade includes "Watch" loans and is considered a “pass grade”. The grade is intended to be utilized on a temporary basis for pass grade borrowers where a potentially significant risk-modifying action is anticipated in the near term.
Grade 7: This grade includes “Other Assets Especially Mentioned” (“OAEM”) loans in accordance with regulatory guidelines, and is intended to highlight loans with elevated risks. Loans with this grade show signs of deteriorating profits and capital, and the borrower might not be strong enough to sustain a major setback. The borrower is typically higher than normally leveraged, and outside support might

17

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be modest and likely illiquid. The loan is at risk of further decline unless active measures are taken to correct the situation.
Grade 8: This grade includes “Substandard” loans in accordance with regulatory guidelines, which the Company has determined have a high credit risk. These loans also have well-defined weaknesses which make payment default or principal exposure likely, but not yet certain. The borrower may have shown serious negative trends in financial ratios and performance. Such loans may be dependent upon collateral liquidation, a secondary source of repayment or an event outside of the normal course of business. Loans with this grade can be placed on accrual or nonaccrual status based on the Company’s accrual policy.
Grade 9: This grade includes “Doubtful” loans in accordance with regulatory guidelines, and the Company has determined these loans to have excessive credit risk. Such loans are placed on nonaccrual status and may be dependent upon collateral having a value that is difficult to determine or upon some near-term event which lacks certainty. Additionally, these loans generally have a specific valuation allowance or have been partially charged-off for the amount considered uncollectible.
Grade 10: This grade includes “Loss” loans in accordance with regulatory guidelines, and the Company has determined these loans have the highest risk of loss. Such loans are charged-off or charged-down when payment is acknowledged to be uncertain or when the timing or value of payments cannot be determined. “Loss” is not intended to imply that the loan or some portion of it will never be paid, nor does it in any way imply that there has been a forgiveness of debt.
Numerical loan grades for loans are established at the origination of the loan. Loan grades are reviewed on a quarterly basis, or more frequently if necessary, by the credit department. The Bank follows the FDIC’s Uniform Retail Credit Classification and Account Management Policy for subsequent classification in the event of payment delinquencies or default. Typically, an individual loan grade will not be changed from the prior period unless there is a specific indication of credit deterioration or improvement. Credit deterioration is evidenced by delinquency, direct communications with the borrower, or other borrower information that becomes known to management. Credit improvements are evidenced by known facts regarding the borrower or the collateral property.
The loan grades relate to the likelihood of losses in that the higher the grade, the greater the loss potential. Loans with a pass grade may have some estimated inherent losses, but to a lesser extent than the other loan grades. The OAEM loan grade is transitory in that the Company is waiting on additional information to determine the likelihood and extent of the potential loss. The likelihood of loss for OAEM graded loans, however, is greater than Watch graded loans because there has been measurable credit deterioration. Loans with a Substandard grade are generally loans for which the Company has individually analyzed for potential impairment. For Doubtful and Loss graded loans, the Company is almost certain of the losses, and the unpaid principal balances are generally charged-off to the realizable value.

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The following tables present the balance of the loans receivable by credit quality indicator as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015.
 
March 31, 2016
 
Pass
 
OAEM
 
Substandard
 
Doubtful
 
Total
 
(In thousands)
Commercial business:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commercial and industrial
$
560,091

 
$
10,031

 
$
22,168

 
$
18

 
$
592,308

Owner-occupied commercial real estate
604,890

 
9,598

 
15,742

 
256

 
630,486

Non-owner occupied commercial real estate
683,831

 
16,945

 
29,713

 

 
730,489

Total commercial business
1,848,812

 
36,574

 
67,623

 
274

 
1,953,283

One-to-four family residential
71,724

 

 
1,082

 

 
72,806

Real estate construction and land development:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
One-to-four family residential
39,757

 
1,037

 
6,502

 

 
47,296

Five or more family residential and commercial properties
67,510

 

 
4,423

 
65

 
71,998

Total real estate construction and land development
107,267

 
1,037

 
10,925

 
65

 
119,294

Consumer
306,814

 

 
5,645

 

 
312,459

Gross loans receivable
$
2,334,617

 
$
37,611

 
$
85,275

 
$
339

 
$
2,457,842


 
December 31, 2015
 
Pass
 
OAEM
 
Substandard
 
Doubtful
 
Total
 
(In thousands)
Commercial business:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commercial and industrial
$
563,002

 
$
8,093

 
$
25,333

 
$
298

 
$
596,726

Owner-occupied commercial real estate
600,514

 
11,662

 
16,773

 
258

 
629,207

Non-owner occupied commercial real estate
643,674

 
23,447

 
30,267

 

 
697,388

Total commercial business
1,807,190

 
43,202

 
72,373

 
556

 
1,923,321

One-to-four family residential
71,457

 

 
1,091

 

 
72,548

Real estate construction and land development:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
One-to-four family residential
44,069

 
896

 
6,787

 

 
51,752

Five or more family residential and commercial properties
50,678

 

 
4,647

 

 
55,325

Total real estate construction and land development
94,747

 
896

 
11,434

 

 
107,077

Consumer
291,892

 

 
6,275

 

 
298,167

Gross loans receivable
$
2,265,286

 
$
44,098

 
$
91,173

 
$
556

 
$
2,401,113


Potential problem loans are loans classified as OAEM or worse that are currently accruing interest and are not considered impaired, but which management is monitoring because the financial information of the borrower causes concern as to their ability to meet their loan repayment terms. Potential problem loans may include PCI loans as these loans continue to accrete loan discounts established at acquisition based on the guidance of FASB ASC 310-30. Potential problem loans as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015 were $94.8 million and $110.4 million, respectively. The balance of potential problem loans guaranteed by a governmental agency, which guarantee reduces the Company's credit exposure, was $809,000 and $1.2 million as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively.

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(d) Nonaccrual Loans
Nonaccrual loans, segregated by segments and classes of loans, were as follows as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015:
 
March 31, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
 
(In thousands)
Commercial business:
 
 
 
Commercial and industrial
$
4,882

 
$
5,095

Owner-occupied commercial real estate
2,978

 
2,027

Non-owner occupied commercial real estate
1,350

 

Total commercial business
9,210

 
7,122

One-to-four family residential
37

 
38

Real estate construction and land development:
 
 
 
One-to-four family residential
2,207

 
2,414

Five or more family residential and commercial properties
65

 

Total real estate construction and land development
2,272

 
2,414

Consumer
835

 
94

Nonaccrual loans
$
12,354

 
$
9,668

The Company had $1.4 million and $1.1 million of nonaccrual loans guaranteed by governmental agencies at March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively.
PCI loans are not included in the nonaccrual loan table above because these loans are accounted for under FASB ASC 310-30, which provides that accretable yield is calculated based on a loan's expected cash flow even if the loan is not performing under its contractual terms.
(e) Past due loans
The Company performs an aging analysis of past due loans using the categories of 30-89 days past due and 90 or more days past due. This policy is consistent with regulatory reporting requirements.
The balances of past due loans, segregated by segments and classes of loans, as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015 were as follows:
 
March 31, 2016
 
30-89 Days
 
90 Days or
Greater
 
Total Past 
Due
 
Current
 
Total
 
(In thousands)
Commercial business:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commercial and industrial
$
1,182

 
$
972

 
$
2,154

 
$
590,154

 
$
592,308

Owner-occupied commercial real estate
933

 
2,393

 
3,326

 
627,160

 
630,486

Non-owner occupied commercial real estate
6,765

 
185

 
6,950

 
723,539

 
730,489

Total commercial business
8,880

 
3,550

 
12,430

 
1,940,853

 
1,953,283

One-to-four family residential
794

 

 
794

 
72,012

 
72,806

Real estate construction and land development:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
One-to-four family residential

 
1,965

 
1,965

 
45,331

 
47,296

Five or more family residential and commercial properties
398

 
65

 
463

 
71,535

 
71,998

Total real estate construction and land development
398

 
2,030

 
2,428

 
116,866

 
119,294

Consumer
2,889

 
943

 
3,832

 
308,627

 
312,459

Gross loans receivable
$
12,961

 
$
6,523

 
$
19,484

 
$
2,438,358

 
$
2,457,842



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December 31, 2015
 
30-89 Days
 
90 Days or
Greater
 
Total Past 
Due
 
Current
 
Total
 
(In thousands)
Commercial business:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commercial and industrial
$
2,900

 
$
2,679

 
$
5,579

 
$
591,147

 
$
596,726

Owner-occupied commercial real estate
2,753

 
2,609

 
5,362

 
623,845

 
629,207

Non-owner occupied commercial real estate
1,664

 
184

 
1,848

 
695,540

 
697,388

Total commercial business
7,317

 
5,472

 
12,789

 
1,910,532

 
1,923,321

One-to-four family residential
490

 

 
490

 
72,058

 
72,548

Real estate construction and land development:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
One-to-four family residential

 
2,392

 
2,392

 
49,360

 
51,752

Five or more family residential and commercial properties
118

 
42

 
160

 
55,165

 
55,325

Total real estate construction and land development
118

 
2,434

 
2,552

 
104,525

 
107,077

Consumer
3,029

 
202

 
3,231

 
294,936

 
298,167

Gross loans receivable
$
10,954

 
$
8,108

 
$
19,062

 
$
2,382,051

 
$
2,401,113


There were no loans 90 days or more past due that were still accruing interest as of March 31, 2016 or December 31, 2015, excluding PCI loans.

(f) Impaired loans
Impaired loans include nonaccrual loans and performing troubled debt restructured ("TDR") loans. The balances of impaired loans as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015 are set forth in the following tables.
 
March 31, 2016
 
Recorded
Investment With
No Specific
Valuation
Allowance
 
Recorded
Investment With
Specific
Valuation
Allowance
 
Total
Recorded
Investment
 
Unpaid
Contractual
Principal
Balance
 
Related
Specific
Valuation
Allowance
 
(In thousands)
Commercial business:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commercial and industrial
$
1,126

 
$
8,872

 
$
9,998

 
$
12,845

 
$
1,081

Owner-occupied commercial real estate
1,158

 
4,069

 
5,227

 
5,356

 
677

Non-owner occupied commercial real estate
5,016

 
6,813

 
11,829

 
11,871

 
922

Total commercial business
7,300

 
19,754

 
27,054

 
30,072

 
2,680

One-to-four family residential

 
271

 
271

 
272

 
83

Real estate construction and land development:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
One-to-four family residential
2,367

 
1,038

 
3,405

 
4,158

 
31

Five or more family residential and commercial properties
65

 
1,935

 
2,000

 
2,054

 
213

Total real estate construction and land development
2,432

 
2,973

 
5,405

 
6,212

 
244

Consumer
791

 
161

 
952

 
995

 
29

Total
$
10,523

 
$
23,159

 
$
33,682

 
$
37,551

 
$
3,036


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December 31, 2015
 
Recorded
Investment With
No Specific
Valuation
Allowance
 
Recorded
Investment With
Specific
Valuation
Allowance
 
Total
Recorded
Investment
 
Unpaid
Contractual
Principal
Balance
 
Related
Specific
Valuation
Allowance
 
(In thousands)
Commercial business:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commercial and industrial
$
872

 
$
8,769

 
$
9,641

 
$
11,368

 
$
1,173

Owner-occupied commercial real estate

 
4,295

 
4,295

 
4,342

 
809

Non-owner occupied commercial real estate
3,696

 
6,834

 
10,530

 
10,539

 
943

Total commercial business
4,568

 
19,898

 
24,466

 
26,249

 
2,925

One-to-four family residential

 
275

 
275

 
276

 
85

Real estate construction and land development:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
One-to-four family residential
1,403

 
2,065

 
3,468

 
4,089

 
66

Five or more family residential and commercial properties

 
1,960

 
1,960

 
1,960

 
203

Total real estate construction and land development
1,403

 
4,025

 
5,428

 
6,049

 
269

Consumer
48

 
145

 
193

 
200

 
29

Total
$
6,019

 
$
24,343

 
$
30,362

 
$
32,774

 
$
3,308


The Company had governmental guarantees of $2.1 million and $1.5 million related to the impaired loan balances at March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively.
The average recorded investment of impaired loans for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 are set forth in the following table.
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2016
 
2015
 
(In thousands)
Commercial business:
 
 
 
Commercial and industrial
$
9,706

 
$
7,562

Owner-occupied commercial real estate
4,761

 
2,502

Non-owner occupied commercial real estate
11,179

 
7,127

Total commercial business
25,646

 
17,191

One-to-four family residential
273

 
244

Real estate construction and land development:
 
 
 
One-to-four family residential
3,550

 
3,254

Five or more family residential and commercial properties
1,980

 
2,044

Total real estate construction and land development
5,530

 
5,298

Consumer
573

 
131

Total
$
32,022

 
$
22,864

For the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, no interest income was recognized subsequent to a loan’s classification as nonaccrual. For the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, the Bank recorded $178,000 and $199,000, respectively, of interest income related to performing TDR loans.
(g) Troubled Debt Restructured Loans
A TDR loan is a restructuring in which the Bank, for economic or legal reasons related to a borrower’s financial difficulties, grants a concession to the borrower that it would not otherwise consider. TDRs are considered impaired and are separately measured for impairment under FASB ASC 310-10-35, whether on accrual ("performing") or

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nonaccrual ("nonperforming") status. The Company has more stringent definitions of concessions and impairment measures for PCI loans which are not in a pool as these loans have known credit deterioration and are generally accreting income at a lower discounted rate as compared to the contractual note rate based on the guidance of FASB ASC 310-30.
The majority of the Bank’s TDR loans are a result of granting extensions of maturity on troubled credits which have already been adversely classified. The Bank grants such extensions to reassess the borrower’s financial status and to develop a plan for repayment. The second most prevalent concessions are certain modifications with extensions that also include interest rate reductions. Certain TDRs were additionally re-amortized over a longer period of time. The Bank additionally advanced funds to a troubled speculative home builder to complete established projects. These modifications would all be considered a concession for a borrower that could not obtain similar financing terms from another source other than from the Bank.
The financial effects of each modification will vary based on the specific restructure. For the majority of the Bank’s TDRs, the loans were interest-only with a balloon payment at maturity. If the interest rate is not adjusted and the modified terms are consistent with other similar credits being offered, the Bank may not experience any loss associated with the restructure. If, however, the restructure involves forbearance agreements or interest rate modifications, the Bank may not collect all the principal and interest based on the original contractual terms. The Bank estimates the necessary allowance for loan losses on TDRs using the same guidance as used for other impaired loans.
The recorded investment balance and related allowance for loan losses of performing and nonaccrual TDR loans as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015 were as follows:
 
March 31, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
 
Performing
TDRs
 
Nonaccrual
TDRs
 
Performing
TDRs
 
Nonaccrual
TDRs
 
(In thousands)
TDR loans
$
21,328

 
$
6,905

 
$
20,695

 
$
6,301

Allowance for loan losses on TDR loans
2,140

 
726

 
2,069

 
679


The unfunded commitment to borrowers related to TDRs was $210,000 and $551,000 at March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively.
Loans that were modified as TDRs during the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 are set forth in the following tables:
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2016
 
2015
 
Number of
Contracts
(1)
 
Outstanding
Principal Balance 
(1)(2)
 
Number of
Contracts
(1)
 
Outstanding
Principal Balance 
(1)(2)
 
(Dollars in thousands)
Commercial business:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commercial and industrial
9

 
$
1,918

 
7

 
$
1,006

Owner-occupied commercial real estate

 

 
1

 
308

Non-owner occupied commercial real estate
1

 
1,118

 

 

Total commercial business
10

 
3,036

 
8

 
1,314

Real estate construction and land development:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
One-to-four family residential
5

 
2,390

 
3

 
2,399

Total real estate construction and land development
5

 
2,390

 
3

 
2,399

Consumer
3

 
41

 
1

 
39

Total TDR loans
18

 
$
5,467

 
12

 
$
3,752

(1)
Number of contracts and outstanding principal balance represent loans which have balances as of period end as certain loans may have been paid-down or charged-off during the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015.
(2)
Includes subsequent payments after modifications and reflects the balance as of period end. As the Bank did not forgive any principal or interest balance as part of the loan modification, the Bank’s recorded investment in each loan at the date of

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modification (pre-modification) did not change as a result of the modification (post-modification), except when the modification was the initial advance on a one-to-four family residential real estate construction and land development loan under a master guidance line. There were no advances on these types of loans during the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Of the 18 loans modified during the three months ended March 31, 2016, eight loans with a total outstanding principal balance of $1.5 million had no prior modifications. Of the 12 loans modified during the three months ended March 31, 2015, four loans with a total outstanding principal balance of $695,000 had no prior modifications. The remaining loans included in the tables above for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 were previously reported as TDRs. The Bank typically grants shorter extension periods to continually monitor the troubled credits despite the fact that the extended date might not be the date the Bank expects the cash flow. The Company does not consider these modifications a subsequent default of a TDR as new loan terms, specifically new maturity dates, were granted. The potential losses related to these loans would have been considered in the period the loan was first reported as a TDR and adjusted, as necessary, in the current periods based on more recent information. The related specific valuation allowance at March 31, 2016 for loans that were modified as TDRs during the three months ended March 31, 2016 was $376,000.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
There were no loans which were modified during the previous twelve months ended March 31, 2016 that subsequently defaulted during the three months ended March 31, 2016. There was one commercial and industrial loan totaling $2.2 million at March 31, 2015 that was modified during the previous twelve months and subsequently defaulted during the three months ended March 31, 2015 because the borrower did not make specific curtailment, or additional, payments on the loan in prior periods. There were no other loans which were modified during the previous twelve months ended March 31, 2015 that subsequently defaulted during the three months ended March 31, 2015.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(h) Purchased Credit Impaired Loans
The Company acquired loans and designated them as PCI loans, which are accounted for under FASB ASC 310-30, in the Washington Banking Merger on May 1, 2014 and in previously completed acquisitions including the FDIC-assisted acquisitions of Cowlitz Bank ("Cowlitz") and Pierce Commercial Bank ("Pierce") on July 30, 2010 and November 8, 2010, respectively, and the acquisitions of Northwest Commercial Bank ("NCB") on January 9, 2013 and Valley Community Bancshares, Inc. ("Valley") on July 15, 2013.
The following table reflects the outstanding principal balance and recorded investment at March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015 of the PCI loans:
 
March 31, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
 
Outstanding Principal
 
Recorded Investment
 
Outstanding Principal
 
Recorded Investment
 
(In thousands)
Commercial business:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commercial and industrial
$
16,508

 
$
12,794

 
$
20,110

 
$
16,986

Owner-occupied commercial real estate
21,890

 
19,587

 
25,237

 
22,826

Non-owner occupied commercial real estate
28,936

 
26,654

 
30,178

 
27,261

Total commercial business
67,334

 
59,035

 
75,525

 
67,073

One-to-four family residential
5,259

 
4,983

 
5,707

 
5,392

Real estate construction and land development:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
One-to-four family residential
5,764

 
3,082

 
6,904

 
4,121

Five or more family residential and commercial properties
2,996

 
3,126

 
3,071

 
3,207

Total real estate construction and land development
8,760

 
6,208

 
9,975

 
7,328

Consumer
6,138

 
7,235

 
6,720

 
7,126

Gross PCI loans
$
87,491

 
$
77,461

 
$
97,927

 
$
86,919


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On the acquisition dates, the amount by which the undiscounted expected cash flows of the PCI loans exceeded the estimated fair value of the loan is the “accretable yield”. The accretable yield is then measured at each financial reporting date and represents the difference between the remaining undiscounted expected cash flows and the current carrying value of the PCI loans.
The following table summarizes the accretable yield on the PCI loans for the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015.
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
 
(In thousands)
Balance at the beginning of the period
 
$
17,592

 
$
12,572

Accretion
 
(1,417
)
 
(1,012
)
Disposal and other
 
(1,609
)
 
(284
)
Change in accretable yield
 
1,710

 
2,739

Balance at the end of the period
 
$
16,276

 
$
14,015


(4)
Allowance for Loan Losses
The allowance for loan losses is maintained at a level deemed appropriate by management to provide for probable incurred credit losses in the loan portfolio. The methodology for calculating the allowance for loan losses is completed on loans originated by the Bank and on loans purchased in mergers and acquisitions. The FDIC shared-loss agreements for loans purchased in mergers and acquisitions were terminated on August 4, 2015. Prior to their termination, when a credit deterioration occurred subsequent to the acquisition on loan that was covered by the FDIC shared-loss agreements, a provision for loan losses was charged to earnings for the full amount of the impairment, without regard to the coverage of the FDIC shared-loss agreements.
The following tables details the activity in the allowance for loan losses disaggregated by segment and class for the three months ended March 31, 2016:
 
Balance at Beginning of Period
 
Charge-offs
 
Recoveries
 
Provision for Loan Losses
 
Balance at End of Period
 
(In thousands)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commercial business:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commercial and industrial
$
9,972

 
$
(1,178
)
 
$
274

 
$
762

 
$
9,830

Owner-occupied commercial real estate
4,568

 
(52
)
 

 
(231
)
 
4,285

Non-owner occupied commercial real estate
7,524