Chronicle Journal: Finance

Earthstone Energy, Inc. Reports 2020 Third Quarter and Year-to-Date Financial Results and Updates Guidance

Earthstone Energy, Inc. (NYSE: ESTE) (“Earthstone”, the “Company”, “we”, “our” or “us”), today announced financial and operating results for the three months ended September 30, 2020.

Third Quarter 2020 Highlights

  • Average daily production of 16,959 Boepd(1)
  • Adjusted EBITDAX(2) of $36.4 million ($23.33 per Boe)
  • All-in cash costs(2) of $9.18 per Boe
  • Operating Margin(2) of $20.07 per Boe ($25.54 including realized hedge settlements)
  • Operating portion of net cash received in settlement of derivative contracts of $8.5 million
  • Free Cash Flow(2) of $33.8 million
  • Capital expenditures of $1.4 million
  • Reduction of long-term debt of $38.6 million
  • Net loss of $(11.9) million, or $(0.18) per Adjusted Diluted Share(2)
    • Adjusted net income of $3.7 million, or $0.06 per Adjusted Diluted Share(2)

Year-to-Date 2020 Highlights

  • Average daily production of 15,433 Boepd(1)
  • Adjusted EBITDAX(2) of $114.4 million ($27.07 per Boe)
  • All-in cash costs(2) of $10.72 per Boe
  • Operating Margin(2) of $18.60 per Boe ($29.87 including realized hedge settlements)
  • Operating portion of net cash received in settlement of derivative contracts of $47.6 million
  • Free Cash Flow(2) of $63.8 million
  • Capital expenditures of $46.4 million
  • Reduction of long-term debt of $40.0 million
  • Net loss of $(11.1) million, or $(0.17) per Adjusted Diluted Share(2)
    • Adjusted net income of $24.2 million, or $0.37 per Adjusted Diluted Share(2)

(1) Represents reported sales volumes
(2) See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures" section below.

Management Comments

Mr. Robert J. Anderson, President and CEO of Earthstone, commented, “We produced outstanding operational and financial results in the third quarter, buoyed in particular by strong production volumes and our continued focus on managing operational and corporate costs. These results continue to validate our economic inventory and operating track record. For the third quarter, despite no drilling or completion activities, we managed to generate Adjusted EBITDAX of over $36 million, which is only a 5% decrease from the first quarter before the impact of COVID-19 on commodity prices had fully occurred. Further, we generated nearly $34 million in Free Cash Flow which allowed us to pay down over $38 million in debt. Since year-end 2019, we generated nearly $64 million in Free Cash Flow which allowed us to pay down debt by $40 million. All of this has contributed to our continued expectation that we will meet our target of being below 1x net debt to Adjusted EBITDAX at year-end.”

Mr. Anderson commented further, “With the strength of our production results, we are increasing our production guidance for full year 2020, largely comprised of higher natural gas and natural gas liquids volumes, with oil volumes approximately the same. We are also tightening our lease operating expense guidance, as we have been successful in driving down these costs.

“Additionally, we have initiated completions on a six-well pad in Upton County based on the current forecast for oil prices, reduction in service costs and our expectation of significant production and economic results from this pad, which we expect to be online around year-end. We also anticipate completing the remaining five drilled but uncompleted wells in our inventory in the first quarter of 2021. This completion activity is expected to keep our production relatively flat in 2021, on a year over year basis, which would contribute to significant Free Cash Flow in 2021.”

Updated 2020 Guidance

The Company has updated its 2020 guidance based on activities to date and expected for the remainder of 2020 as shown below. The Company has increased its average daily production guidance and decreased its per unit lease operating expense guidance. Further, the Company is increasing its capital expenditure guidance for the year by $12.5 million at the midpoint, which reflects incremental expected fourth quarter 2020 expenditures of approximately $20 million for newly added well completion activities, but offset by lower year-to-date spending of approximately $7.5 million than anticipated.

2020 Capital Expenditures

$ millions

(Net)

Gross / Net

Operated

Wells Drilled & Awaiting

Completion

Gross / Net

Operated

Wells On Line

Net

Non-Operated

Wells On Line

Drilling and Completions

$60 – 65

5 / 3.7

9 / 9.0

3.1

Land / Infrastructure

5

2020 Total Capital Expenditures

$65 – 70

2020 Average Daily Production (Boepd)

14,000 – 14,500

% Oil

58% – 59%

% Liquids

79% – 80%

2020 Operating Costs

Lease Operating Expense ($/Boe)

$5.25 – $5.50

Production and Ad Valorem Taxes (% of Revenue)

6.25% – 7.25%

Cash G&A (1) ($mm)

$15.5 – $16.5

Note: Guidance is forward-looking information that is subject to considerable change and numerous risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond Earthstone’s control. See “Forward-Looking Statements” section below.

(1)

Cash G&A is a non-GAAP measure defined as general and administrative expenses less stock-based compensation which is not settled in cash.

 

Operations Update

We have initiated completions on six drilled but uncompleted wells on our Ratliff project in Upton County (100% working interest). These six wells have an average lateral length of approximately 8,400 feet with laterals in the Wolfcamp A, Wolfcamp B Upper and Lower and Wolfcamp C. These four zones have all been successfully produced by us or offset operators in close proximity to this project. These wells are expected to be online by year-end 2020, but we do not anticipate any meaningful production contribution in 2020. We plan to begin completions activity of the remaining five drilled but uncompleted wells on the Hamman Upton project (75% working interest) in January 2021.

Selected Financial Data (unaudited)

($000s except where noted)

Three Months Ended
September 30,

Nine Months Ended
September 30,

2020

2019

2020

2019

Total revenues

$

41,047

$

39,204

$

107,848

$

124,474

Lease operating expense

7,044

6,419

21,971

20,485

General and administrative expense (excluding stock-based compensation)

3,393

3,850

11,950

13,268

Stock-based compensation (non-cash)

2,403

2,207

7,665

6,680

General and administrative expense

$

5,796

$

6,057

$

19,615

$

19,948

Net (loss) income

$

(11,858

)

$

26,127

$

(11,053

)

$

7,220

Less: Net (loss) income attributable to noncontrolling interest

(6,413

)

14,357

(5,977

)

3,877

Net (loss) income attributable to Earthstone Energy, Inc.

(5,445

)

11,770

(5,076

)

3,343

Net (loss) income per common share(1)

Basic

(0.18

)

0.41

(0.17

)

0.12

Diluted

(0.18

)

0.41

(0.17

)

0.12

Adjusted EBITDAX(2)(5)

$

36,399

$

29,963

$

114,448

$

96,379

Production(3):

Oil (MBbls)

839

646

2,520

2,027

Gas (MMcf)

2,010

1,248

5,031

3,318

NGL (MBbls)

386

267

870

705

Total (MBoe)(4)

1,560

1,121

4,229

3,285

Average Daily Production (Boepd)

16,959

12,181

15,433

12,033

Average Prices:

Oil ($/Bbl)

39.50

54.89

36.92

55.08

Gas ($/Mcf)

1.31

0.72

0.96

0.64

NGL ($/Bbl)

13.60

10.71

11.46

15.17

Total ($/Boe)

26.31

34.98

25.50

37.89

Adj. for Realized Derivatives Settlements:

Oil ($/Bbl)(5)

49.34

59.43

55.14

60.42

Gas ($/Mcf)(5)

1.45

1.34

1.31

1.49

NGL ($/Bbl)

13.60

10.71

11.46

15.17

Total ($/Boe)(5)

31.78

38.29

36.77

42.05

Operating Margin per Boe

Average realized price(5)

$

26.31

$

34.98

$

25.50

$

37.89

Lease operating expense

4.51

5.73

5.20

6.24

Production and ad valorem taxes

1.73

2.41

1.70

2.44

Operating margin per Boe(2)

20.07

26.84

18.60

29.21

Realized hedge settlements

5.47

3.31

11.27

4.16

Operating margin per Boe (including realized hedge settlements)(2)

$

25.54

$

30.15

$

29.87

$

33.37

(1)

Net (loss) income per common share attributable to Earthstone Energy, Inc.

(2)

See “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section below.

(3)

Represents reported sales volumes.

(4)

Barrels of oil equivalent have been calculated on the basis of six thousand cubic feet (Mcf) of natural gas equals one barrel of oil equivalent (Boe).

(5)

Includes $5.7 million and $2.1 million of cash proceeds related to hedges unwound during the second quarter of 2020 and first quarter of 2019, respectively.

Liquidity Update

As of September 30, 2020, we had $5.3 million in cash and $130.0 million of long-term debt outstanding under our senior secured revolving credit facility (our “Credit Facility”) with a borrowing base of $240 million. With the $110.0 million of undrawn borrowing base capacity and $5.3 million in cash, we had total liquidity of approximately $115.3 million. Through September 30, 2020, we had incurred $46.4 million of our updated estimated $65 - $70 million in capital expenditures for 2020. We expect to fund our remaining 2020 capital expenditures through internally generated funds.

As of September 30, 2020, we had outstanding borrowings under our Credit Facility of $130 million, which represents a reduction of 24% compared to the $170 million in outstanding borrowings as of December 31, 2019. In addition to this $40 million of debt reduction, we have reduced our Adjusted Working Capital Deficit(1) by $23.4 million since December 31, 2019. We remain in compliance with all covenants under our Credit Facility.

(1)

See "Non-GAAP Financial Measures" section below.

 

Subsequent to September 30, 2020 and through October 31, 2020, we have paid down an additional $8 million in outstanding borrowings under our Credit Facility. This debt reduction is in line with our 2020 expectations to generate adequate cash flows to further reduce our outstanding borrowings absent any extraordinary events. However, it should be noted that we may borrow temporarily as the timing of our cash flows may fluctuate between reporting periods.

Commodity Hedging

The following table sets forth our outstanding derivative contracts as of September 30, 2020. When aggregating multiple contracts, the weighted average contract price is disclosed.

As of September 30, 2020:

Price Swaps

Period

Commodity

Volume

(Bbls / MMBtu)

Weighted Average Price

($/Bbl / $/MMBtu)

Q4 2020

Crude Oil

552,000

$

60.65

Q1 - Q4 2021

Crude Oil

1,460,000

$

55.16

Q4 2020

Crude Oil Basis Swap (1)

598,000

$

(1.50

)

Q4 2020

Crude Oil Basis Swap (2)

92,000

$

2.55

Q4 2020

Crude Oil Roll Swap (3)

552,000

$

(1.79

)

Q1 - Q4 2021

Crude Oil Basis Swap (1)

1,825,000

$

1.05

Q4 2020

Natural Gas

644,000

$

2.85

Q1 - Q4 2021

Natural Gas

4,380,000

$

2.76

Q4 2020

Natural Gas Basis Swap (4)

644,000

$

(1.07

)

Q1 - Q4 2021

Natural Gas Basis Swap (4)

4,380,000

$

(0.45

)

(1)

The basis differential price is between WTI Midland Argus Crude and the WTI NYMEX.

(2)

The basis differential price is between WTI Houston and the WTI NYMEX.

(3)

The swap is between WTI Roll and the WTI NYMEX.

(4)

The basis differential price is between W. Texas (WAHA) and the Henry Hub NYMEX.

 

Conference Call Details

Earthstone is hosting a conference call on Thursday, November 5, 2020 at 12:30 p.m. Eastern (11:30 a.m. Central) to discuss the Company’s financial results for the third quarter of 2020 and its outlook for the remainder of 2020. Prepared remarks by Robert J. Anderson, President and Chief Executive Officer, and Mark Lumpkin, Jr., Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, will be followed by a question and answer session.

Investors and analysts are invited to participate in the call by dialing 877-407-6184 for domestic calls or 201-389-0877 for international calls, in both cases asking for the Earthstone conference call. A webcast will also be available through the Company website (www.earthstoneenergy.com). Please select “Events & Presentations” under the “Investors” section of the Company’s website and log on at least 10 minutes in advance to register.

A replay of the call and webcast will be available on the Company’s website and by telephone until 12:30 p.m. Eastern (11:30 a.m. Central), Thursday, November 19, 2020. The number for the replay is 877-660-6853 for domestic calls or 201-612-7415 for international calls, using Replay ID: 13712498.

About Earthstone Energy, Inc.

Earthstone Energy, Inc. is a growth-oriented, independent energy company engaged in development and operation of oil and natural gas properties. The Company’s primary assets are in the Midland Basin of west Texas and the Eagle Ford Trend of south Texas. Earthstone is traded on NYSE under the symbol “ESTE.” For more information, visit the Company’s website at www.earthstoneenergy.com.

Forward-Looking Statements

This release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Statements that are not strictly historical statements constitute forward-looking statements and may often, but not always, be identified by the use of such words such as “expects,” “believes,” “intends,” “anticipates,” “plans,” “estimates,” “forecast,” “guidance,” “target,” “potential,” “possible,” or “probable” or statements that certain actions, events or results “may,” “will,” “should,” or “could” be taken, occur or be achieved. Forward-looking statements are based on current expectations and assumptions and analyses made by Earthstone and its management in light of experience and perception of historical trends, current conditions and expected future developments, as well as other factors appropriate under the circumstances that involve various risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those reflected in the statements. These risks include, but are not limited to, those set forth in Earthstone’s annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, recent current reports on Form 8-K, and other Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) filings. Earthstone undertakes no obligation to revise or update publicly any forward-looking statements except as required by law.

 

EARTHSTONE ENERGY, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (UNAUDITED)

(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)

September 30,

December 31,

ASSETS

2020

2019

Current assets:

Cash

$

5,311

$

13,822

Accounts receivable:

Oil, natural gas, and natural gas liquids revenues

12,097

29,047

Joint interest billings and other, net of allowance of $80 and $83 at

September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively

11,548

6,672

Derivative asset

25,097

8,860

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

1,560

1,867

Total current assets

55,613

60,268

Oil and gas properties, successful efforts method:

Proved properties

995,666

970,808

Unproved properties

236,482

260,271

Land

5,382

5,382

Total oil and gas properties

1,237,530

1,236,461

Accumulated depreciation, depletion and amortization

(271,012

)

(195,567

)

Net oil and gas properties

966,518

1,040,894

Other noncurrent assets:

Goodwill

17,620

Office and other equipment, net of accumulated depreciation and amortization of

$3,558 and $3,180 at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively

1,044

1,311

Derivative asset

4,727

770

Operating lease right-of-use assets

2,769

3,108

Other noncurrent assets

1,331

1,572

TOTAL ASSETS

$

1,032,002

$

1,125,543

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY

Current liabilities:

Accounts payable

$

6,910

$

25,284

Revenues and royalties payable

28,047

35,815

Accrued expenses

12,844

19,538

Asset retirement obligation

308

308

Derivative liability

1,040

6,889

Advances

93

11,505

Operating lease liabilities

768

570

Finance lease liabilities

96

206

Other current liabilities

11

43

Total current liabilities

50,117

100,158

Noncurrent liabilities:

Long-term debt

130,000

170,000

Deferred tax liability

15,294

15,154

Asset retirement obligation

2,027

1,856

Derivative liability

577

Operating lease liabilities

2,001

2,539

Finance lease liabilities

15

85

Other noncurrent liabilities

138

Total noncurrent liabilities

150,052

189,634

Equity:

Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 20,000,000 shares authorized; none issued or outstanding

Class A Common Stock, $0.001 par value, 200,000,000 shares authorized; 30,210,749

and 29,421,131 issued and outstanding at September 30, 2020 and

December 31, 2019, respectively

30

29

Class B Common Stock, $0.001 par value, 50,000,000 shares authorized; 35,009,371 and

35,260,680 issued and outstanding at September 30, 2020 and

December 31, 2019, respectively

35

35

Additional paid-in capital

537,990

527,246

Accumulated deficit

(186,787

)

(181,711

)

Total Earthstone Energy, Inc. equity

351,268

345,599

Noncontrolling interest

480,565

490,152

Total equity

831,833

835,751

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND EQUITY

$

1,032,002

$

1,125,543

EARTHSTONE ENERGY, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)

(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)

Three Months Ended

Nine Months Ended

September 30,

September 30,

2020

2019

2020

2019

REVENUES

Oil

$

33,158

$

35,443

$

93,017

$

111,657

Natural gas

2,642

903

4,855

2,126

Natural gas liquids

5,247

2,858

9,976

10,691

Total revenues

41,047

39,204

107,848

124,474

OPERATING COSTS AND EXPENSES

Lease operating expense

7,044

6,419

21,971

20,485

Production and ad valorem taxes

2,696

2,698

7,198

8,001

Rig termination expense

426

Depreciation, depletion and amortization

28,538

14,079

76,096

42,281

Impairment expense

2,115

62,548

General and administrative expense

5,796

6,057

19,615

19,948

Transaction costs

(705

)

215

(324

)

797

Accretion of asset retirement obligation

47

52

137

160

Exploration expense

298

Total operating costs and expenses

45,531

29,520

187,965

91,672

(Loss) gain on sale of oil and gas properties

(120

)

198

(446

)

(Loss) income from operations

(4,484

)

9,564

(79,919

)

32,356

OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE)

Interest expense, net

(1,186

)

(1,609

)

(4,207

)

(4,735

)

(Loss) gain on derivative contracts, net

(6,040

)

18,726

73,065

(19,672

)

Other income (expense), net

(18

)

21

120

(1

)

Total other income (expense)

(7,244

)

17,138

68,978

(24,408

)

(Loss) income before income taxes

(11,728

)

26,702

(10,941

)

7,948

Income tax expense

(130

)

(575

)

(112

)

(728

)

Net (loss) income

(11,858

)

26,127

(11,053

)

7,220

Less: Net (loss) income attributable to noncontrolling interest

(6,413

)

14,357

(5,977

)

3,877

Net (loss) income attributable to Earthstone Energy, Inc.

$

(5,445

)

$

11,770

$

(5,076

)

$

3,343

Net (loss) income per common share attributable to Earthstone Energy, Inc.:

Basic

$

(0.18

)

$

0.41

$

(0.17

)

$

0.12

Diluted

$

(0.18

)

$

0.41

$

(0.17

)

$

0.12

Weighted average common shares outstanding:

Basic

30,073,635

29,032,842

29,810,705

28,883,907

Diluted

30,073,635

29,032,842

29,810,705

28,883,907

EARTHSTONE ENERGY, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)

(In thousands)

For the Nine Months Ended
September 30,

2020

2019

Cash flows from operating activities:

Net (loss) income

$

(11,053

)

$

7,220

Adjustments to reconcile net (loss) income to net cash provided by operating activities:

Depreciation, depletion and amortization

76,096

42,281

Impairment of proved and unproved oil and gas properties

44,928

Impairment of goodwill

17,620

Accretion of asset retirement obligations

137

160

Settlement of asset retirement obligations

(179

)

(Gain) loss on sale of oil and gas properties

(198

)

446

Total (gain) loss on derivative contracts, net

(73,065

)

19,672

Operating portion of net cash received in settlement of derivative contracts

47,599

13,660

Stock-based compensation

7,665

6,680

Deferred income taxes

112

728

Amortization of deferred financing costs

241

336

Changes in assets and liabilities:

(Increase) decrease in accounts receivable

12,102

(5,585

)

(Increase) decrease in prepaid expenses and other current assets

(264

)

(28

)

Increase (decrease) in accounts payable and accrued expenses

1,976

(8,330

)

Increase (decrease) in revenues and royalties payable

(7,768

)

(9,042

)

Increase (decrease) in advances

(11,412

)

17,720

Net cash provided by operating activities

104,716

85,739

Cash flows from investing activities:

Additions to oil and gas properties

(72,869

)

(120,685

)

Additions to office and other equipment

(111

)

(379

)

Proceeds from sales of oil and gas properties

409

2

Net cash used in investing activities

(72,571

)

(121,062

)

Cash flows from financing activities:

Proceeds from borrowings

93,923

165,272

Repayments of borrowings

(133,923

)

(119,099

)

Cash paid related to the exchange and cancellation of Class A Common Stock

(531

)

(827

)

Cash paid for finance leases

(125

)

(355

)

Deferred financing costs

(228

)

Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities

(40,656

)

44,763

Net (decrease) increase in cash

(8,511

)

9,440

Cash at beginning of period

13,822

376

Cash at end of period

$

5,311

$

9,816

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information

Cash paid for:

Interest

$

3,613

$

4,235

Non-cash investing and financing activities:

Accrued capital expenditures

$

2,213

$

50,615

Lease asset additions - ASC 842

$

$

4,710

Asset retirement obligations

$

44

$

43

 

Earthstone Energy, Inc.
Non-GAAP Financial Measures
Unaudited

The non-GAAP financial measures of Adjusted Diluted Shares, Adjusted EBITDAX, Adjusted Net Income, All-In Cash Costs, Free Cash Flow, Adjusted Working Capital Deficit and Operating Margin per Boe, as defined and presented below, are intended to provide readers with meaningful information that supplements our financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”). Further, these non-GAAP measures should only be considered in conjunction with financial statements and disclosures prepared in accordance with GAAP and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for GAAP measures, such as net income or loss, operating income or loss or any other GAAP measure of financial position or results of operations. Adjusted EBITDAX and Adjusted Net Income are presented herein and reconciled from the GAAP measure of net (loss) income because of their wide acceptance by the investment community as a financial indicator.

I. Adjusted Diluted Shares

We define “Adjusted Diluted Shares” as the weighted average shares of Class A Common Stock - Diluted outstanding plus the weighted average shares of Class B Common Stock outstanding.

Our Adjusted Diluted Shares measure provides a comparable per share measurement when presenting results such as Adjusted EBITDAX and Adjusted Net Income that include the interests of both Earthstone and the noncontrolling interest. Adjusted Diluted Shares is used in calculating several metrics that we use as supplemental financial measurements in the evaluation of our business, none of which should be considered as an alternative to, or more meaningful than, net income as an indicator of operating performance.

Adjusted Diluted Shares for the periods indicated:

Three Months Ended

Nine Months Ended

September 30,

September 30,

2020

2019

2020

2019

Class A Common Stock - Diluted

30,073,635

29,032,842

29,810,705

28,883,907

Class B Common Stock

35,012,585

35,416,446

35,100,658

35,430,594

Adjusted Diluted Shares

65,086,220

64,449,288

64,911,363

64,314,501

II. Adjusted EBITDAX

The non-GAAP financial measure of Adjusted EBITDAX (as defined below), as calculated by us below, is intended to provide readers with meaningful information that supplements our financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP. Further, this non-GAAP measure should only be considered in conjunction with financial statements and disclosures prepared in accordance with GAAP and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for GAAP measures, such as net income or loss, operating income or loss or any other GAAP measure of financial position or results of operations. Adjusted EBITDAX is presented herein and reconciled from the GAAP measure of net (loss) income because of its wide acceptance by the investment community as a financial indicator.

We define “Adjusted EBITDAX” as net (loss) income plus, when applicable, accretion of asset retirement obligations; impairment expense; depreciation, depletion and amortization; interest expense, net; transaction costs; loss (gain) on sale of oil and gas properties, net; rig termination expense; exploration expense; unrealized loss (gain) on derivative contracts; stock-based compensation (non-cash); and income tax expense.

Our Adjusted EBITDAX measure provides additional information that may be used to better understand our operations. Adjusted EBITDAX is one of several metrics that we use as a supplemental financial measurement in the evaluation of our business and should not be considered as an alternative to, or more meaningful than, net (loss) income as an indicator of operating performance. Certain items excluded from Adjusted EBITDAX are significant components in understanding and assessing a company’s financial performance, such as a company’s cost of capital and tax structure, as well as the historic cost of depreciable and depletable assets. Adjusted EBITDAX, as used by us, may not be comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies. We believe that Adjusted EBITDAX is a widely followed measure of operating performance and is one of many metrics used by our management team and by other users of our consolidated financial statements. For example, Adjusted EBITDAX can be used to assess our operating performance and return on capital in comparison to other independent exploration and production companies without regard to financial or capital structure and to assess the financial performance of our assets and our company without regard to capital structure or historical cost basis.

The following table provides a reconciliation of Net (loss) income to Adjusted EBITDAX for the periods indicated:

($000s, except per Boe data)

Three Months Ended

Nine Months Ended

September 30,

September 30,

2020

2019

2020

2019

Net (loss) income

$

(11,858

)

$

26,127

$

(11,053

)

$

7,220

Accretion of asset retirement obligations

47

52

137

160

Depreciation, depletion and amortization

28,538

14,079

76,096

42,281

Impairment expense

2,115

62,548

Interest expense, net

1,186

1,609

4,207

4,735

Transaction costs

(705

)

215

(324

)

797

Loss (gain) on sale of oil and gas properties

120

(198

)

446

Rig termination expense

426

Exploration expense

298

Unrealized loss (gain) on derivative contracts

14,543

(15,021

)

(25,466

)

33,332

Stock based compensation (non-cash)(1)

2,403

2,207

7,665

6,680

Income tax expense

130

575

112

728

Adjusted EBITDAX

$

36,399

$

29,963

$

114,448

$

96,379

Total production (MBoe)(2)(3)

1,560

1,121

4,229

3,285

Adjusted EBITDAX per Boe

$

23.33

$

26.74

$

27.07

$

29.34

(1)

Included in General and administrative expense in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.

(2)

Represents reported sales volumes.

(3)

Barrels of oil equivalent have been calculated on the basis of six thousand cubic feet (Mcf) of natural gas equals one barrel of oil equivalent (Boe).

III. Adjusted Net Income

We define “Adjusted Net Income” as net (loss) income plus, when applicable, unrealized loss (gain) on derivative contracts; impairment expense; loss (gain) on sale of oil and gas properties; write-off of deferred financing costs; transaction costs; and the associated changes in estimated income tax.

Our Adjusted Net Income measure provides additional information that may be used to further understand our operations. Adjusted Net Income is one of several metrics that we use as a supplemental financial measurement in the evaluation of our business and should not be considered as an alternative to, or more meaningful than, net (loss) income as an indicator of operating performance. Certain items excluded from Adjusted Net Income are significant components in understanding and assessing a company’s financial performance, such as a company’s cost of capital and tax structure, as well as the historic cost of depreciable and depletable assets. Adjusted Net Income, as used by us, may not be comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies. We believe that Adjusted Net Income is a widely followed measure of operating performance and is one of many metrics used by our management team and by other users of our consolidated financial statements. For example, Adjusted Net Income can be used to assess our operating performance and return on capital in comparison to other independent exploration and production companies without regard to financial or capital structure and to assess the financial performance of our assets and our company without regard to capital structure or historical cost basis.

The following table provides a reconciliation of Net (loss) income to Adjusted Net Income for the periods indicated:

($000s, except share and per share data)

Three Months Ended

Nine Months Ended

September 30,

September 30,

2020

2019

2020

2019

Net (loss) income

$

(11,858

)

$

26,127

$

(11,053

)

$

7,220

Unrealized loss (gain) on derivative contracts

14,543

(15,021

)

(25,466

)

33,332

Impairment expense

2,115

62,548

Loss (gain) on sale of oil and gas properties

120

(198

)

446

Transaction costs

(705

)

215

(324

)

797

Income tax effect of the above

(423

)

301

(1,312

)

(710

)

Adjusted Net Income

$

3,672

$

11,742

$

24,195

$

41,085

Adjusted Diluted Shares

65,086,220

64,449,288

64,911,363

64,314,501

Adjusted Net Income per Adjusted Diluted Share

$

0.06

$

0.18

$

0.37

$

0.64

IV. All-In Cash Costs

We define “All-In Cash Costs” as lease operating expenses plus production and ad valorem taxes, interest expense, net, and general and administrative expense (excluding stock-based compensation).

Our All-In Cash Costs measure provides additional information that may be used to further understand our total cost of production. We use All-In Cash Costs as a supplemental financial measurement in the evaluation of our operational performance. We believe that investors benefit from having access to the same financial measures that our management uses in evaluating our results. All-In Cash Costs should not be considered as an alternative to, or more meaningful than, net (loss) income as an indicator of operating performance. All-In Cash Costs, as used by us, may not be comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies.

All-In Cash Costs for the periods indicated:

($000s, except per Boe data)

Three Months Ended

Nine Months Ended

September 30,

September 30,

2020

2019

2020

2019

Lease operating expense

$

7,044

$

6,419

$

21,971

$

20,485

Production and ad valorem taxes

2,696

2,698

7,198

8,001

Interest expense, net

1,186

1,609

4,207

4,735

General and administrative expense (excluding stock-based compensation)

3,393

3,850

11,950

13,268

All-In Cash Costs

$

14,319

$

14,576

$

45,326

$

46,489

Total production (MBoe)(1)(2)

1,560

1,121

4,229

3,285

All-In Cash Costs per Boe

$

9.18

$

13.01

$

10.72

$

14.15

(1)

Represents reported sales volumes.

(2)

Barrels of oil equivalent have been calculated on the basis of six thousand cubic feet (Mcf) of natural gas equals one barrel of oil equivalent (Boe).

V. Free Cash Flow

Free Cash Flow is a measure that we use as an indicator of our ability to fund our development activities. We define Free Cash Flow as Adjusted EBITDAX (defined above), less interest expense, less accrual-based capital expenditures.

Management believes that Free Cash Flow, which measures our ability to generate additional cash from our business operations, is an important financial measure for use in evaluating the Company's financial performance. Free Cash Flow should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, consolidated net income as a measure of our performance and net cash provided by operating activities as a measure of our liquidity.

Free Cash Flow for the periods indicated:

($000s)

Three Months Ended

Nine Months Ended

September 30,

September 30,

2020

2019

2020

2019

Adjusted EBITDAX

$

36,399

$

29,963

$

114,448

$

96,379

Interest expense, net

(1,186

)

(1,609

)

(4,207

)

(4,735

)

Capital expenditures (accrual basis)

(1,378

)

(78,603

)

(46,442

)

(152,398

)

Free Cash Flow

$

33,835

$

(50,249

)

$

63,799

$

(60,754

)

VI. Adjusted Working Capital Deficit

Adjusted Working Capital Deficit is calculated as the difference between i) total current assets, excluding the current portion of derivative assets, and ii) total current liabilities, excluding the current portions of asset retirement obligation (“ARO”), derivative liability, operating lease liabilities, finance lease liabilities, and other current liabilities.

Management believes that Adjusted Working Capital Deficit is useful to investors as it provides a better measure of current liquidity relating to producing and drilling operations by excluding derivative assets and liabilities, ARO, lease liabilities and other current liabilities. Adjusted Working Capital Deficit, as used by us, may not be comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies.

Adjusted Working Capital Deficit for the periods indicated:

($000s)

September 30,

December 31,

2020

2019

Total current assets

$

55,613

$

60,268

Less: Derivative asset

(25,097

)

(8,860

)

Total current assets, Adjusted

30,516

51,408

Total current liabilities

50,117

100,158

Less: Asset retirement obligation

(308

)

(308

)

Less: Derivative liability

(1,040

)

(6,889

)

Less: Operating lease liabilities

(768

)

(570

)

Less: Finance lease liabilities

(96

)

(206

)

Less: Other current liabilities

(11

)

(43

)

Total current liabilities, Adjusted

47,894

92,142

Adjusted Working Capital Deficit

$

(17,378

)

$

(40,734

)

VII. Operating Margin per Boe and Operating Margin per Boe (including realized hedge settlements)

Operating Margin per Boe is a non-GAAP financial measure that we use to evaluate our operating performance on a per Boe basis. We define Operating Margin per Boe as average realized price per Boe minus lease operating expense per BOE and production and ad valorem taxes per Boe. Operating Margin per Boe (including realized hedge settlements) is calculated as the sum of Operating Margin per Boe and Realized hedge settlements per Boe.

Our Operating Margin per Boe measure provides additional information that may be used to further understand our operating margins. We use Operating Margin per Boe as a supplemental financial measurement in the evaluation of our operational performance. We believe that investors benefit from having access to the same financial measures that our management uses in evaluating our results. Operating Margin per Boe should not be considered as an alternative to, or more meaningful than, net (loss) income as an indicator of operating performance. Operating Margin per Boe, as used by us, may not be comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies.

Contacts:

Mark Lumpkin, Jr.
Executive Vice President – Chief Financial Officer
Earthstone Energy, Inc.
1400 Woodloch Forest Drive, Suite 300
The Woodlands, TX 77380
281-298-4246
mark.lumpkin@earthstoneenergy.com

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