UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549



 

FORM 10-K



 

 
(Mark One)     
x   ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2008

OR

 
o   TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Transition Period from  to 

Commission File Number: 000-26427



 

STAMPS.COM INC.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 
Delaware   77-0454966
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
  (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

12959 Coral Tree Place
Los Angeles, California 90066

(Address of Principal Executive Offices and Zip Code)

(310) 482-5800

Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code:



 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 
Title of Each Class   Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Common Stock, $.001 par value   The NASDAQ Stock Market, LLC

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None



 

Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes o No x

Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act. Yes o No x

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of Registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. o

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

     
Large accelerated filer o   Accelerated filer x   Non-accelerated filer o   Smaller reporting company o

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes o No x

As of June 30, 2008, the aggregate market value of voting common stock held by non-affiliates of the Registrant was $189,613,669 (based upon the closing price for shares of the Registrant’s Common Stock as reported by The NASDAQ Stock Market on that date). As of February 27, 2009, there were 16,653,144 shares of the Registrant’s Common Stock issued and outstanding.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Portions of the Registrant’s Proxy Statement for the 2009 Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission are incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K.

 

 


TABLE OF CONTENTS

STAMPS.COM INC.

FORM 10-K ANNUAL REPORT FOR THE YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2008

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 
  Page
PART I
 

Item 1.

Business

    2  

Item 1A.

Risk Factors.

    9  

Item 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments

    16  

Item 2.

Properties

    16  

Item 3.

Legal Proceedings

    16  

Item 4.

Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders

    17  
PART II
 

Item 5.

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

    18  

Item 6.

Selected Financial Data

    21  

Item 7.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of
Operations

    22  

Item 7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

    31  

Item 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

    31  

Item 9.

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial
Disclosure

    32  

Item 9A.

Controls and Procedures

    32  

Item 9B.

Other Information

    32  
PART III
 

Item 10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

    34  

Item 11.

Executive Compensation

    34  

Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

    34  

Item 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

    34  

Item 14.

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

    34  
PART IV
 

Item 15.

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

    35  

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PART I.

This Report contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). You can find many (but not all) of these statements by looking for words such as “approximates,” “believes,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “estimates,” “intends,” “plans,” “would,” “may” or other similar expressions in this Report. Our forward-looking statements relate to future events or our future performance and include, but are not limited to, statements concerning our business strategy, future commercial revenues, market growth, capital requirements, new product introductions, expansion plans and the adequacy of our funding. Other statements contained in this Report that are not historical facts are also forward-looking statements.

We claim the protection of the safe harbor contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. We caution investors that any forward-looking statements presented in this Report, or that we may make orally or in writing from time to time, are based on beliefs and assumptions made by us and information currently available to us. Such statements are based on assumptions, and the actual outcome will be affected by known and unknown risks, trends, uncertainties and factors that are beyond our control or ability to predict. Although we believe that our assumptions are reasonable, they are not guarantees of future performance, and some will inevitably prove to be incorrect. As a result, our actual future results can be expected to differ from our expectations, and those differences may be material. Accordingly, investors should use caution in relying on forward-looking statements, which are based on known results and trends at the time they are made, to anticipate future results or trends.

For discussion of some of the factors that could affect our results, see “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and “Risk Factors.”

This Report and all subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us or any person acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements contained or referred to in this section. We do not undertake any obligation to release publicly any revisions to our forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this Report.

Stamps.com, NetStamps, Stamps.com Internet Postage, PhotoStamps, Hidden Postage and the Stamps.com logo are our trademarks. This Report also references trademarks of other entities.

SPECIAL NOTICE REGARDING PURCHASES OF MORE THAN 5% OF OUR STOCK

We currently have federal and state net operating loss (“NOL”) carry-forwards of approximately $240 million and $150 million, respectively, with potential value of up to $95 million in tax savings over the next 15 years. Under Internal Revenue Code Section 382 rules, if a “change of ownership” is triggered, our NOL asset may be impaired. A change in ownership can occur whenever there is a shift in ownership by more than 50 percentage points by one or more “5% shareholders” within a three-year period. We estimate that as of December 31, 2008 we were at approximately a 34% level compared with the 50% level that would trigger impairment of our NOL asset.

During the second quarter of 2008, we received shareholder approval to amend our articles of incorporation in order to protect our NOL asset (the “NOL Protective Measures”) and those measures are now in effect. Under the NOL Protective Measures there is no change to the way that existing Stamps.com shares are held or traded, but any person, company or investment firm which wishes to become a “5% shareholder” of Stamps.com must first obtain a waiver from our board of directors. In addition, any person, company or investment firm which is already a “5% shareholder” of Stamps.com cannot make any additional purchases of Stamps.com stock without a waiver from our board of directors.

As of February 27, 2009, we had 16,653,144 shares outstanding, and therefore ownership of approximately 833,000 shares or more would currently constitute a “5% shareholder”. We strongly urge that any stockholder contemplating owning more than 675,000 shares contact us before doing so.

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Item 1. Business.

Overview

Stamps.com® is the leading provider of Internet-based postage solutions. Our customers use our service to mail and ship a variety of mail pieces, including postcards, envelopes, flats and packages, using a wide range of United States Postal Service (the “USPS”) mail classes including First Class Mail®, Priority Mail®, Express Mail®, Media Mail®, Parcel Post®, and others. Our customers include home businesses, small businesses, corporations and individuals. We were the first ever USPS-licensed vendor to offer PC Postage® in a software-only business model in 1999.

Services and Products

We offer the following products and services to our customers:

PC Postage Service.  Our USPS-approved PC Postage service enables users to print “electronic stamps” directly onto envelopes, plain paper, or labels using only a standard personal computer, printer and Internet connection. Our service currently supports a variety of USPS and international mail classes. Customers can also add USPS Special Services such as Delivery ConfirmationTM, Signature ConfirmationTM, Registered Mail, Certified Mail, Insured Mail, Return Receipt, Collect on Delivery and Restricted Delivery to their mail pieces. After installing our free software and completing the registration process, customers can purchase and print postage 24 hours a day, seven days a week. When a customer purchases postage for use through our service, the customer pays face value, and the funds are transferred directly from the customer’s account to the USPS’s account. Currently the majority of new customers signing up for our service pay a monthly convenience fee ranging from $15.99 to $19.99.

Our customers can print postage (i) on NetStamps® labels, which can be used just like regular stamps, (ii) directly on envelopes or on other types of mail or labels, in a single-step process that saves time and provides a professional look, (iii) on plain 8.5” x 11” paper or on special labels for packages, and (iv) on integrated customs forms for international mail. For added convenience, our PC Postage services incorporate address verification technology that verifies each destination address for mail sent using our service against a database of all known addresses in the United States and can be integrated into common small business and productivity software applications such as word processing, contact and address management, and accounting and financial applications. We also offer several different versions of NetStamps such as Themed NetStamps and Photo NetStamps that allow customers to add stock or full custom designs to their mail while still providing the same NetStamps convenience of printing and using postage whenever it is needed.

PhotoStamps®.   PhotoStamps is a patented form of postage that allows consumers to turn digital photos, designs or images into valid US postage. With this product, individuals or businesses can now create customized US postage using pictures of their children, pets, vacations, celebrations, business logos and more. PhotoStamps can be used as regular postage to send letters, postcards or packages. The product is available via our separately-marketed website at www.photostamps.com. Customers upload a digital photograph or image file, customize the look and feel by choosing a border color to complement the photo, select the value of postage, and place the order online. Each sheet includes 20 individual PhotoStamps, and orders arrive via US Mail in a few business days. PhotoStamps is currently available under authorization of the USPS for its fourth phase market test, with an authorization through May 2009. We do not include our PhotoStamps business when we refer to our PC Postage business.
Mailing & Shipping Supplies Store.  Our Mailing & Shipping Supplies Store (our “Supplies Store”) is available to our customers from within our PC Postage software, and sells NetStamps labels, shipping labels, other mailing labels, dedicated postage printers, OEM and private label inkjet and laser toner cartridges, scales, and other mailing and shipping-focused office supplies. Our Supplies Store features a store catalog, same day shipping capabilities, messaging of our free or discounted shipping promotions, cross sell during checkout, product search capabilities, and expedited and rush shipping options. We plan to continue to increase the breadth of products offered in our Supplies Store.

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Branded Insurance.  We offer Stamps.com branded insurance to our customers so that they may insure their mail or packages in a fully integrated, online process that eliminates any trips to the post office or the need to complete any special forms. Our branded insurance is provided in partnership with Parcel Insurance Plan and is underwritten by Fireman's Fund. We also offer official USPS insurance alongside our branded insurance product.

Customer Value Proposition for our PC Postage Service

We believe that customers use our PC Postage services to save time and money. Some of the ways our customers save time include: (1) applying postage to letters or packages at home or at the office, avoiding the time that would ordinarily be spent in a trip to the post office; (2) generating mass mailings quickly and easily in a single step process; (3) using our software as an integrated package with most small business productivity applications such as word processors, financial applications and address books; and (4) generating large volumes of shipping labels easily by integrating directly with the database or file system of eCommerce systems.

Some of the ways in which our customers can save money include: (1) an automatic check of all addresses against the USPS database, so postage is not wasted on undeliverable-as-addressed mail; (2) avoiding wasted postage by calculating the exact amount of postage that is needed depending on mail class, mail form, weight and distance to the destination; (3) tracking and controlling postage expenditures in a small office using cost codes built into our software; (4) getting a discount versus USPS retail post offices of up to 15% off Priority Mail, up to 14% off Express Mail, and up to 8% off Global Priority and Global Express Mail; (5) getting electronic Delivery or Signature Confirmation at 57 to 65 cents less per package than the comparable services at a retail USPS post office; and (6) paying a monthly service fee that is up to 75% less than the total cost of an entry-level postage meter, where users typically pay monthly rental fees, maintenance fees, postage purchase surcharges, cleaning fees, and fees for proprietary ink cartridges.

Some of the other benefits of using our service noted by our customers include: (1) mail produced with our service is more professional looking than stamped mail, helping a smaller business resemble a larger business; (2) our service provides the ability to send USPS packages with Hidden PostageTM, which hides the actual amount paid for postage (a useful feature for e-commerce companies that may not want the recipient to see actual shipping cost information); (3) our software can help a business reduce its customer support costs by automatically generating and sending package delivery status e-mails to its customers; (4) our service provides a complete record of all mail or packages sent, allowing our customers to easily keep a record of all sent mail; and (5) our software generates a single barcoded form that represents multiple packages in a single shipment so that the USPS can scan the single form to accept all of the packages at once and the customer gets a record that all the packages were accepted by the USPS.

Marketing of PC Postage

We target our PC Postage marketing at small businesses, home offices, medium-size businesses and large enterprises, and within these segments we target both mailers and shippers. We market our PC Postage services through the following channels:

Affiliate Channels.   We utilize the traffic and customers of smaller web sites and other businesses or individuals that are too small to qualify for a partnership directly with us by offering financial incentives for these small businesses and individuals to drive traffic to our web site. Our affiliate channel is currently managed by a third party.
Direct Mail.   We send direct mail pieces to prospective small business, small office, and home office customers. We purchase targeted prospect lists from third parties or obtain prospect lists from partners.
Direct Sales.  We utilize a direct sales force for higher cost enterprise versions of our PC Postage service.
Enhanced Promotion Online Advertising.  We work with various companies to advertise our service in various places across the Internet. This channel typically offers an additional promotion directly to the customer by the partner in order to get the customer to try our service.

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Offline Marketing Programs.  We utilize various other offline advertising and marketing programs including telemarketing, traditional media advertising, retail and other programs.
Partnerships.  We work with strategic partners in order to leverage their web site traffic, marketing programs, and existing customer base to distribute our PC Postage software. For example, these partnerships may result in a link to our website from a partner’s website, a copy of our software along with a partner’s software product, the distribution of our software at a retail location, or the bundling of our software with a hardware device. Our partnerships include Microsoft, Avery Dennison, and Hewlett Packard.
Remarketing.  We remarket our services to former customers. Our remarketing efforts are generally focused on the new features that may relate to the reasons former customers stopped using our service. We utilize e-mail and regular mail to communicate new features of our products to our former customers.
Traditional Online Advertising.  We work with companies to advertise our services online through paid searches, banner ads, permission-based emails, and other online advertising vehicles.
USPS Referrals.  We utilize the nationwide USPS Account Manager network to market and sell our services to customers. We market to the account managers by attending regional and national meetings and forums, and participating in local vendor calls. We also receive referrals directly from the USPS website at www.USPS.com.

Marketing of PhotoStamps

We target our PhotoStamps marketing at consumers and businesses. We market our PhotoStamps product through the following channels:

Online advertising including paid search, banner ads, permission-based emails, and other online advertising methods;
Partnerships including Apple, Google/Picassa, HP/Snapfish, Adobe and others;
Traditional offline methods of consumer advertising;
Retail distribution of a boxed PhotoStamps product; and
Remarketing to our existing customers.

Beginning in 2007 and continuing through 2008 we decided to reduce our consumer-focused marketing spend in order to lower our customer acquisition costs and thus improve our expected returns and our profitability for the PhotoStamps business.

2009 Business Strategy

Our PC Postage Business

Our 2009 strategy for the PC Postage business includes the following major initiatives:

Increase and Optimize our Small Business Marketing.  We plan to modestly increase our customer acquisition investment in our small business marketing channels outside the non-enhanced promotion channels. Based on recent analysis and trends, we believe that the lifetime value of a non-enhanced promotion customer continues to be more than twice the cost of acquiring those customers. We plan to continue increasing our investment in our direct mail channel as well as refining our acquisition through online advertising, affiliates, partners, telemarketing, traditional media, and other areas. We plan to increase our PC Postage customer acquisition spending in the non-enhanced promotion channels by an estimated 10% to 15% in 2009 versus 2008. For the online enhanced promotion channel, although the channel tends to attract lower quality customers, we continue to see an attractive return on our investment, and we plan to continue to run this channel until we no longer find the returns to be attractive; however, based on recent trends, we currently expect to see overall acquisition in this area decline in 2009 versus 2008. Our goal is to maintain a reasonably strong investment in our customer base during the current economic downturn and be well positioned when the economy improves to return to higher investment levels.

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Improved Customer Experience.  We plan to continue improving our overall customer experience by optimizing our web site, registration process, software installation process, initial product experience, initial customer communications and customer welcome kit to make the initial experience a customer has with us as good as it can be. We plan to focus on improving the customer experience for our store customers with reduced delivery times and improved return experience that will make it more attractive for our customers to purchase non-propriety SKUs from our supplies store. We are continuing to add new propriety SKUs to our supplies store, such as a new convenient line of Certified Mail envelopes and labels, to improve our overall customer experience. We are planning to launch a new combination scale/label printer to enhance the ease of usage of our overall service by a segment of our customer base.
Enhance and Market our Corporate Enterprise Solution.  During 2008 we successfully launched our multi-user capability that allows customers to have multiple user access to a single account at a single location, we launched new, more flexible payment methods, and we launched new financial controls for our enterprise users. In 2009, we plan to launch Enterprise Version 2.0, which will include a dramatically improved web-based reporting system with a sophisticated front-end reporting tool with real time data, improved web-based postage management tools, and enhanced web-based financial and administrative controls for central decision makers.

We plan to continue improving our efforts to target the corporate enterprise customer segment of our PC postage business. We believe that we have successfully attracted a number of corporate enterprise customers to our service over the past couple of years at a reasonable cost per acquisition relative to the expected lifetime value of those customers. We believe these customers continue to be attracted to us versus a traditional postage meter based on our dramatically lower total cost of ownership and the greater visibility into individual employee activity. In 2009, we plan to continue scaling up our enterprise sales & marketing efforts in a cost effective manner. Also, we plan to hire additional salespersons so long as the cost per acquisition continues to remain attractive relative to the expected lifetime value.

Our PhotoStamps Business

In 2009, we plan to continue to pursue PhotoStamps in a modest fashion during the weak economy and to continue to look for ways to optimize the PhotoStamps business. We intend to do this by continuing our program of a more focused direct-to-site PhotoStamps marketing spending with a goal of keeping the overall cost per acquisition at a level that provides good financial return. We also plan to continue to drive fewer but more profitable orders to our website through our own marketing activity and through our existing distribution partnerships such as with HP/Snapfish, Costco.com and Walgreens. Partnerships can provide a cost effective way to manage acquisition cost through a revenue share, bounty, or other arrangement that aligns the interests of the partnership. We also intend to continue to pursue our PhotoStamps retail business model.

Competition

The market for our products is competitive. Some of our current direct competitors in the PC Postage and Customized Postage categories include:

Endicia.com/Dymo.  Endicia is a division of Newell Rubbermaid that offers a software-based PC Postage service similar to our PC Postage service under the brand name Endicia, a custom postage offering similar to our PhotoStamps service under the brand name PictureItPostage, and a NetStamps-like service in conjunction with Dymo (an affiliated company also owned by Newell Rubbermaid) under the brand name Dymo Stamps. All three of these services are directly competitive with our own services in these areas.

Dymo Stamps is different from our service in the approach it takes to the business model. Its service is offered without a monthly service fee, which is one of its primary marketing messages versus our service. To use the Dymo Stamps feature, however, customers must purchase the Dymo Stamps labels through Endicia at a price that is significantly higher per label than our price for our NetStamps labels.

Pitney Bowes, Inc.  Pitney Bowes is the current market leader in the U.S. traditional postage meter business, with revenues of approximately $6.3 billion in 2008. Pitney Bowes launched a software-based PC Postage product called ClickStamp Online in 2000. In the third quarter of 2004, Pitney Bowes appeared to

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discontinue marketing ClickStamp Online at the monthly fee of $4.99, and began marketing an entirely new PC Postage offering by the name of ShipStream (an OEM version of Endicia’s PC Postage service) for a monthly fee of $18.99. During 2004, Pitney Bowes also began offering an Internet-based service for printing a single label for use in shipping a package that does not require a monthly subscription fee, in partnership with eBay. Pitney Bowes offers a customized postage offering (branded ZazzleStamps) through a partnership with Zazzle.com, Inc., a small, private U.S. company that specializes in custom products. During 2007, Pitney Bowes launched a product by the name of YourStamps in partnership with FujiFilm and its own customized postage offering under the brand name Stamp Expressions.

We also compete with traditional postage meters offered by Pitney Bowes and others in the U.S. market. We believe that our customers choose our PC Postage service over traditional postage meters primarily to save money. We also believe that our PC Postage service can offer superior capabilities to postage meters in certain areas, such as the ability to integrate tightly with small business productivity applications, and the ability to easily monitor and track USPS packages. We believe customers choose postage meters over our solutions because of the perceived ease of use of these products versus our current approach of software that runs on a PC.

We believe that our customers choose our PC Postage service over that of other PC Postage competitors because of our superior user interface and our larger breadth of features. For example, we are the only PC Postage service that is tightly integrated into the native capabilities of Microsoft Office for use with Office’s mailing capabilities such as mail merge or envelope printing, we support more address books than any other PC Postage software, and we are the only company that offers additional customer choice in on our Themed and Photo NetStamps labels. Based on USPS data and our own estimates, we believe that as of the end of 2008 approximately 85% of all PC Postage subscription customers were our customers (excluding estimated customers paying for postage on a pure transaction-based, no-monthly-fee plan).

Based on USPS data and on our own estimates, we believe that PhotoStamps is the category leader in USPS’s customized postage program. When compared to competitive offerings, we think PhotoStamps offers the best product and overall customer experience in the industry. PhotoStamps was also the first commercially available customized postage product, and we believe it has the best brand recognition among its competitors.

Other Competition.  We also compete with traditional methods of accessing US postage, such as postage stamps, USPS retail locations, and USPS online services such as Click-N-Ship. All of these methods are typically available with no additional markup over the face value of postage. We believe that our customers choose our service over these methods of accessing postage because of convenience and the availability of capabilities and features that are not available through these traditional methods. We believe customers choose traditional methods over our solutions as a way to obtain postage without paying additional fees above the face value of postage.

Industry Overview

Business Market Size

Our PC Postage mailing and shipping service is currently targeted primarily at U.S. small offices, home offices, small businesses and enterprises, and within these segments we target both mailers and shippers. We believe the number of businesses that we can serve with our current products are as follows: (1) 14 million income-generating home offices; (2) 4.4 million single location small businesses of 5 employees or less (typically using our single user service); (3) 1.5 million single location small businesses of 6 to 100 employees (typically using our multi-user service); (4) 2.1 million multi-location small businesses, which represent 4.7 million separate locations (typical using our multi-location service); (5) 117,000 medium and large businesses over 100 employees, which represent 1.3 million separate locations (typically using our enterprise service). In total we estimate that there are 22 million businesses, which represent 26 million locations that are the primary target for our current service (prior to our launch of our multi-user and multi-location capabilities, we estimate that our single user solution effectively addressed the needs of 19 million businesses). In addition we believe there are 24 million non-income generating home offices such as those used for corporate after-hours work or telecommuting, and our solution is also applicable to that segment. We also have consumers that use our service.

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US Mail Volume

According to the USPS Fiscal 2008 Annual Report, the total US Postal Service revenue was $75 billion during its fiscal year ended September 30, 2008. Of this amount approximately $50 billion (102 billion pieces) was represented by mail classes that are addressable using our current solution (First Class, Priority Mail, Express Mail, Media Mail, Parcel Post, international mail, and special services). We believe that some portion of this $50 billion is a potential market for purchasing and printing postage using PC Postage.

Based on the USPS Fiscal 2007 Household Diary study, consumer-to-consumer mail volume is approximately 5.6 billion pieces per year (1.1 billion personal letters, 2.1 billion holiday greeting cards, 1.5 billion non-holiday greeting cards, and 0.9 billion other). We also estimate that an additional 9.0 billion pieces per year are sent between businesses and consumers as business advertising mail, and an additional 6.9 billion pieces per year are sent from businesses to consumers as First Class correspondence mail. We believe that consumer-to-consumer and business-to-consumer advertising mail are two potential markets for use of PhotoStamps.

The PC Postage Certification and Regulatory Approval Process

Our technology must meet strict U.S. government security standards. Our PC Postage products (including any follow-on technology) must complete extensive USPS testing and evaluation in the areas of operational reliability, financial integrity and security to become certified for commercial distribution, and each additional implementation of a particular product or function requires additional evaluation and approval by the USPS prior to commercial distribution. The USPS certification process to become an USPS approved PC Postage vendor is a standardized, ten-stage process that took the existing approved vendors years to complete. Each stage requires USPS review and authorization to proceed to the next stage of the certification process. The USPS has no published timeline or estimated time to complete each of the ten stages of the program. The most significant stage is the ninth stage, which requires a vendor to complete three phases of beta testing.

For our PhotoStamps product, we are still in the “market test” phase of approval, which currently runs through May 2009. We are hopeful that the USPS will approve the continuation of the PhotoStamps offering on a permanent basis, but we cannot give any assurances. See “Risk Factors”.

We continue to ask the USPS for new market tests or new PC Postage benefits such as additional discounts on the face value of postage or commissions on postage. There are many factors that go into the evaluation of our requests, and we have no guarantee that USPS will grant any of our requests. Our customers currently receive a discounted rate relative to prices available at retail post offices for Priority Mail, Express Mail, Global Priority Mail and Global Express Mail and for electronic confirmation services such as delivery or signature confirmation. The discounts are available using our shipping label feature but do not apply to packages sent using NetStamps as an electronic tracking barcode will be required.

Our Technology

Our servers are located in a high-security data center and operate with proprietary security software. These servers create the data used to generate information-based indicia. They also process postage purchases using secure technology that meets USPS security requirements. Our service currently uses a Windows-based client application, which supports a variety of label and envelope options and a wide range of printers. In addition, our application employs an internally-developed user authentication mechanism for additional security.

Our transaction processing servers are a combination of secure, commercially available and internally-developed technologies that are designed to provide secure and reliable transactions. Our system implements hardware to meet government standards for security and data integrity. The performance and scalability of our PC Postage system is designed to allow many users to simultaneously process postage transactions through our system. Our database servers are designed and built with industry-leading database technologies and are scalable as needed.

During 2008, we continued our technology development effort focused on building out and unifying our software platform for continued and future growth in all parts of our business. We added the capability for multiple users in a single geographic location to access a single account balance in our PC Postage solution.

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We also continued to add on to our current enterprise solution with enhanced features such as centralized administration and control. We also enhanced our solutions targeted at higher volume shippers.

During 2009, we plan to launch Enterprise Version 2.0, which will include a dramatically improved web-based reporting system with a sophisticated front-end reporting tool with real time data, improved web-based postage management tools, and enhanced web-based financial and administrative controls for central decision makers. During 2009 we also plan to implement a highly flexible billing system and then integrate that system with our new e-commerce platform.

Section 382 Update

We currently have federal and state net operating loss (“NOL”) carry-forwards of approximately $240 million and $150 million, respectively, with potential value of up to $95 million in tax savings over the next 15 years. Under Internal Revenue Code Section 382 rules, if a “change of ownership” is triggered, our NOL asset may be impaired. A change in ownership can occur whenever there is a shift in ownership by more than 50 percentage points by one or more “5% shareholders” within a three-year period. We estimate that as of December 31, 2008 we were at approximately a 34% level compared with the 50% level that would trigger impairment of our NOL asset.

During the second quarter of 2008, we received shareholder approval to amend our articles of incorporation in order to protect our NOL asset (the “NOL Protective Measures”) and those measures are now in effect. Under the NOL Protective Measures there is no change to the way that existing Stamps.com shares are held or traded, but any person, company or investment firm which wishes to become a “5% shareholder” of Stamps.com must first obtain a waiver from our board of directors. In addition, any person, company or investment firm which is already a “5% shareholder” of Stamps.com cannot make any additional purchases of Stamps.com stock without a waiver from our board of directors.

As of February 27, 2009, we had 16,653,144 shares outstanding, and therefore ownership of approximately 833,000 shares or more would currently constitute a “5% shareholder”. We strongly urge that any stockholder contemplating owning more than 675,000 shares contact us before doing so.

Employees

As of December 31, 2008, we had approximately 190 employees not including temporary or contract workers. Our employees work in various departments including customer support, research and development, sales and marketing, information technology and general administration. None of our employees are represented by a labor union. We believe that we have a good relationship with our employees.

Segments

We operate in a single market segment, “Internet Mailing and Shipping Services”. All of our operations and revenue are within the United States.

Company Information

We were founded in September 1996, and we were incorporated in Delaware in January 1998 as StampMaster, Inc., changing our name to Stamps.com Inc. in December 1998. We completed our initial public offering in June 1999. Our common stock is listed on the NASDAQ Stock Market under the symbol “STMP.”

Our principal executive offices are located at 12959 Coral Tree Place, Los Angeles, California, 90066, and our telephone number is (310) 482-5800.

Available Information

We make available on our website (www.stamps.com), free of charge, our annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and all amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, as soon as reasonably practicable after such material is electronically filed or furnished to the SEC. (Information contained on our website is not part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.) Our Annual Report on Form 10-K may also be obtained free of charge by written request to the Investor Relations, Stamps.com Inc., 12959 Coral Tree Place Los Angeles, California 90066.

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Item 1A. Risk Factors.

You should carefully consider the following risks and the other information in this Report and our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) before you decide to invest in our company or to maintain or increase your investment. The risks included in this section are not exhaustive, and additional factors could adversely affect our business and financial performance. We operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment. New risk factors emerge from time to time and it is not possible for management to predict all such risk factors, nor can it assess the impact of all such risk factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements If any of the following risks actually occur, our business, results of operations or financial condition would likely suffer. In that case, the trading price of our common stock could decline, and you may lose all or part of your investment.

This Report contains forward-looking statements based on the current expectations, assumptions, estimates and projections about us and the Internet. These forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties. Our actual results could differ materially from those discussed in these forward-looking statements as a result of many factors, including those described in this section and elsewhere in this Report. We do not undertake to update publicly any forward-looking statements for any reason, even if new information becomes available or other events occur in the future.

Risks Related to Our Business

We may not successfully implement strategies to increase the adoption of our services and products, which would limit our growth, adversely affect our business and cause the price of our common stock to decline.

Our continuing profitability depends on our ability to successfully implement our strategy of increasing the adoption of our services and products. Factors that might cause our revenues, margins and operating results to fluctuate include the factors described in the subheadings below as well as:

The costs of our marketing programs to establish and promote our brands;
The demand for our services and products;
Our ability to develop and maintain strategic distribution relationships;
The number, timing and significance of new products or services introduced by us and by our competitors;
Our ability to develop, market and introduce new and enhanced products and services on a timely basis;
The level of service and price competition;
Our operating expenses;
USPS regulation and policies relating to PC Postage and PhotoStamps; and
General economic factors.

We may implement pricing plans and promotions that may adversely affect our future revenues and margins.

Our ability to generate gross margins depends upon our ability to generate significant revenues from a large base of active customers. In order to attract customers in the future, we may run special promotions and offers, such as trial periods, discounts on fees, postage and supplies, and other promotions. In addition, we may offer new pricing plans for new and existing customers. We cannot be sure that customers will be receptive to future fee structures and special promotions that we may implement. Even though we have established a sizeable customer base, we still may not generate sufficient gross margins to remain profitable. In addition, our ability to generate revenues or sustain profitability could be adversely affected by the special promotions or additional changes to our pricing plans.

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If we do not successfully attract and retain skilled personnel for permanent management and other key personnel positions, we may not be able to effectively implement our business plan.

Our success depends largely on the skills, experience and performance of the members of our senior management and other key personnel. Any of these individuals can terminate his or her employment with us at any time. If we lose key employees and are unable to replace them with qualified individuals, our business and operating results could be seriously harmed. In addition, our future success will depend largely on our ability to continue attracting and retaining highly skilled personnel. As a result, we may be unable to successfully attract, assimilate or retain qualified personnel. Further, we may be unable to retain the employees we currently employ or attract additional qualified personnel to replace those key employees that may depart. The failure to attract and retain the necessary personnel could seriously harm our business, financial condition and results of operations.

The success of our business will depend upon the continued acceptance by customers of our service.

We must minimize the rate of loss of existing customers while adding new customers. Customers cancel their subscription to our service for many reasons, including a perception that they do not use the service sufficiently. Also customers may feel the costs for service are too high, they may be going out of business, or they may have other issues that are not satisfactorily resolved. We must continually add new customers both to replace customers who cancel and to continue to grow our business beyond our current customer base. If too many of our customers cancel our service, or if we are unable to attract new customers in numbers sufficient to grow our business, our operating results will be adversely affected. Further, if excessive numbers of customers cancel our service, we may be required to incur significantly higher marketing expenditures than we currently anticipate replacing these customers with new customers.

If we fail to effectively market and sell our services and products, our business will be substantially harmed and could fail.

In order to acquire customers and achieve widespread distribution and use of our services and products, we must develop and execute cost-effective marketing campaigns and sales programs. We currently rely on a combination of marketing techniques to attract new customers including direct mail, online marketing and business partnerships. We may be unable to continue marketing our services and products in a cost-effective manner. If we fail to acquire customers in a cost-effective manner, our results of operations will be adversely affected.

If we fail to meet the demands of our customers, our business will be substantially harmed and could fail.

Our services and products must meet the commercial demands of our customers, which include home businesses and offices, small and medium sized businesses, corporations and individuals. We cannot be sure that our services will appeal to or be adopted by an ever-growing range of customers. If we are unable to ship products such as items from our Supplies Store or PhotoStamps in a timely manner to our customers, our business may be harmed. Moreover, our ability to obtain and retain customers depends, in part, on our customer service capabilities. If we are unable at any time to address customer service issues adequately or to provide a satisfactory customer experience for current or potential customers, our business and reputation may be harmed. If we fail to meet the demands of our customers our results of operations will be adversely affected.

A failure to further develop and upgrade our services and products could adversely affect our business.

Any delays or failures in developing our services and products, including upgrades of current services and products, may have a harmful impact on our results of operations. The need to extend our core technologies into new features and services and to anticipate or respond to technological changes could affect our ability to develop these services and features. Delays in features or upgrade introductions could cause a decline in our revenue, earnings or stock price. We cannot determine the ultimate effect these delays or the introduction of new features or upgrades will have on our revenue or results of operations.

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Increases in payment processing fees would increase our operating expenses and adversely affect our results of operations.

Our customers pay for our services predominately using credit cards and debit cards and, to a lesser extent, by use of automated clearing house (“ACH”) payments. Our acceptance of these payment methods requires our payment of certain fees. From time to time, these fees may increase, either as a result of rate changes by the payment processing companies or as a result in a change in our business practices that increase the fees on a cost-per-transaction basis. If these fees for accepting payment methods increase in future periods, it may adversely affect our results of operations.

A decline in our ability to effectively bill our customers by credit card and debit card would adversely affect our results of operations.

Our ability to effectively charge our customers through credit cards and debit cards is subject to many variables, including our own billing technology and practices, the practices and rules of payment processing companies, and the practices and rules of issuing financial institutions. If we do not effectively charge and bill our customers in future periods through credit cards and debit cards, it would adversely affect our results of operations.

Third party assertions of violations of their intellectual property rights could adversely affect our business.

Substantial litigation regarding intellectual property rights exists in our industry. Third parties may currently have, or may eventually be issued, patents upon which our products or technology infringe. Any of these third parties might make a claim of infringement against us. We may become aware of, or we may increasingly receive correspondence claiming, potential infringement of other parties’ intellectual property rights. We could incur significant costs and diversion of management time and resources to defend claims against us regardless of their validity. Any associated costs and distractions could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, litigation in which we are accused of infringement might cause product development delays, require us to develop non-infringing technology or require us to enter into royalty or license agreements, which might not be available on acceptable terms, or at all. If a successful claim of infringement were made against us and we could not develop non-infringing technology or license the infringed or similar technology on a timely and cost-effective basis, our business could be significantly harmed or fail. Any loss resulting from intellectual property litigation could severely limit our operations, cause us to pay license fees, or prevent us from doing business.

A failure to protect our own intellectual property could harm our competitive position.

We rely on a combination of patent, trade secret, copyright and trademark laws and contractual restrictions, such as confidentiality agreements and licenses, to establish and protect our rights in our products, services, know-how and information. We have a portfolio of issued and pending US and international patents. We also have a number of registered and unregistered trademarks. We plan to apply for more patents in the future. We may not receive patents for any of our patent applications. Even if patents are issued to us, claims issued in these patents may not protect our technology. In addition, a court might hold any of our patents, trademarks or service marks invalid or unenforceable. Even if our patents are upheld or are not challenged, third parties may develop alternative technologies or products without infringing our patents. If our patents fail to protect our technology or our trademarks and service marks are successfully challenged, our competitive position could be harmed. We also generally enter into confidentiality agreements with our employees, consultants and other third parties to control and limit access and disclosure of our confidential information. These contractual arrangements or other steps taken to protect our intellectual property may not prove to be sufficient to prevent misappropriation of technology or deter independent third party development of similar technologies. Additionally, the laws of foreign countries may not protect our services or intellectual property rights to the same extent as do the laws of the United States.

System and online security failures could harm our business and operating results.

Our services depend on the efficient and uninterrupted operation of our computer and communications hardware systems. In addition, we must provide a high level of security for the transactions we execute. We rely on internally-developed and third-party technology to provide secure transmission of postage and other

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confidential information. Any breach of these security measures would severely impact our business and reputation and would likely result in the loss of customers and revenues. Furthermore, if we fail to provide adequate security, the USPS could prohibit us from selling postage over the Internet.

Our systems and operations are vulnerable to damage or interruption from a number of sources, including fire, flood, power loss, telecommunications failure, break-ins, earthquakes and similar events. Our Internet host provider does not guarantee that our Internet access will be uninterrupted, error-free or secure. Our servers are also vulnerable to computer viruses, physical, electrical or electronic break-ins and similar disruptions. We have experienced minor system interruptions in the past and may experience them again in the future. Any substantial interruptions in the future could result in the loss of data and could completely impair our ability to generate revenues from our service. We do not presently have a full disaster recovery plan in effect to cover the loss of facilities and equipment. In addition, we do not have a fail-over site that mirrors our infrastructure to allow us to operate from a second location. We have business interruption insurance; however, we cannot be certain that our coverage will be sufficient to compensate us for losses that may occur as a result of business interruptions.

A significant barrier to electronic commerce and communications is the secure transmission of confidential information over public networks. Anyone who is able to circumvent our security measures could misappropriate confidential information or cause interruptions in our operations. We may be required to expend significant capital and other resources to protect against potential security breaches or to alleviate problems caused by any breach. We rely on specialized technology from within our own infrastructure to provide the security necessary for secure transmission of postage and other confidential information. Advances in computer capabilities, new discoveries in security technology, or other events or developments may result in a compromise or breach of the algorithms we use to protect customer transaction data. Should someone circumvent our security measures, our reputation, business, financial condition and results of operations could be seriously harmed. Security breaches could also expose us to a risk of loss or litigation and possible liability for failing to secure confidential customer information. As a result, we may be required to expend a significant amount of financial and other resources to protect against security breaches or to alleviate any problems that they may cause.

We are exposed to various risks associated with the credit and capital markets.

Our cash equivalents and investments are comprised of money market, U.S. government obligations, asset-backed securities and public corporate debt securities. The current global economic crisis has had an unprecedented negative impact on the global credit and capital markets. We have unrealized losses on certain securities in our investment portfolio. Further sustained declines in the fair value of these securities could lead to an increased risk that an other than temporary impairment exists. Uncertainties in the credit and capital markets or credit rating downgrades on any investments in our portfolio could cause impairment to our investment portfolio, which could negatively affect our financial condition, cash flow, and reported earnings.

Our results are impacted by the macro economic environment, which is currently in the state of a global economic crisis.

We believe the performance of our PhotoStamps and PC Postage businesses are influenced by macro economic trends. The United States economy has been experiencing a financial downturn, with some analysts predicting that the world economy may be entering into a prolonged economic downturn, characterized by high unemployment, limited availability of credit, increased rates of default and bankruptcy and decreased consumer and business spending. A continuation of this economic downturn could negatively affect our business, operating results and financial condition in a number of ways. For example, customers may leave our service, and efforts to attract new customers may also be adversely impacted. In addition, customers may delay or decrease spending with us or may not pay us, or may delay paying us.

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Risks Related to Our Industry

USPS regulations or fee assessments may cause disruptions or discontinuance of our business.

We are subject to continued USPS scrutiny and other government regulations. The availability of our services is dependent upon us continuing to meet USPS performance specifications and regulations. The USPS could change its certification requirements or specifications for PC Postage or revoke or suspend the approval of one or more of our services at any time. If at any time we fail to meet USPS requirements, we may be prohibited from offering our services, and our business would be severely and negatively impacted. In addition, the USPS could suspend or terminate our approval or offer services that compete against us, any of which could stop or negatively impact the commercial adoption of our services. Any changes in requirements or specifications for PC Postage could adversely affect our pricing, cost of revenues, operating results and margins by increasing the cost of providing our services.

The USPS could also decide that PC Postage should no longer be an approved postage service due to security concerns or other issues. Our business would suffer dramatically if we are unable to adapt our services to any new requirements or specifications or if the USPS were to discontinue PC Postage as an approved postage method. Alternatively, the USPS could introduce competitive programs or amend PC Postage requirements to make certification easier to obtain, which could lead to more competition from third parties or the USPS itself. If we are unable to compete successfully, particularly against large, traditional providers of postage products, such as Pitney Bowes, who enter the online postage market, our revenues and operating results will suffer.

The USPS could decide to suspend or cancel the current market test of PhotoStamps, and may do so in the event that there is sufficient cause to believe that the market test presents unacceptable risk to USPS revenues, degrades the ability of the USPS to process or deliver mail produced by the test participants, exposes the USPS or its customers to legal liability, or causes public or political embarrassment or harm to the USPS in any way. If the USPS decides to suspend or cancel the market test of PhotoStamps, our revenues and operating results will likely suffer.

Additionally, the USPS could decide to amend, renegotiate or terminate our credit card cost sharing agreement, which is a key agreement that governs the allocation of credit card fees paid by the USPS and us for the postage purchased by our customers. If the USPS decides to amend, renegotiate or terminate our credit card cost sharing agreement, our revenues and operating results will likely suffer.

In addition, USPS regulations may require that our personnel with access to postal information or resources receive security clearance prior to doing relevant work. We may experience delays or disruptions if our personnel cannot receive necessary security clearances in a timely manner, if at all. The regulations may limit our ability to hire qualified personnel. For example, sensitive clearance may only be provided to US citizens or aliens who are specifically approved to work on USPS projects.

Finally, any approved USPS market test or new service that benefits us could also ultimately be suspended or cancelled by the USPS, causing disruptions to our business.

If we are unable to compete successfully, particularly against large, traditional providers of postage products, such as Pitney Bowes, our revenues and operating results will suffer.

The PC Postage segment of the market for postage is relatively new and is competitive. At present, Pitney Bowes and Endicia.com (a wholly owned subsidiary of Newell Rubbermaid) are authorized PC Postage providers with commercially available software. If any more providers become authorized, or if Pitney Bowes or Endicia.com provide enhanced offerings, our operations could be adversely impacted. We also compete with other forms of postage, including traditional postage meters provided by companies such as Pitney Bowes, postage stamps and permit mail.

We may not be able to establish or maintain a competitive position against current or future competitors as they enter the market. Many of our competitors have longer operating histories, larger customer bases, greater brand recognition, greater financial, marketing, service, support, technical, intellectual property and other resources than us. As a result, our competitors may be able to devote greater resources to marketing and promotional campaigns, adopt more aggressive pricing policies and devote substantially more resources to

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web site and systems development. This increased competition may result in reduced operating margins, loss of market share and a diminished brand. We may from time to time make pricing, service or marketing decisions or acquisitions as a strategic response to changes in the competitive environment. These actions could result in reduced margins and seriously harm our business.

We could face competitive pressures from new technologies or the expansion of existing technologies approved for use by the USPS. We may also face competition from a number of indirect competitors that specialize in electronic commerce and other companies with substantial customer bases in the computer and other technical fields. Additionally, companies that control access to transactions through a network or Web browsers could also promote our competitors or charge us a substantial fee for inclusion. In addition, changes in postal regulations could adversely affect our service and significantly impact our competitive position. We may be unable to compete successfully against current and future competitors, and the competitive pressures we face could seriously harm our business.

If we do not respond effectively to technological change, our services and products could become obsolete and our business will suffer.

The development of our services, products and other technology entails significant technical and business risks. To remain competitive, we must continue to enhance and improve the responsiveness, functionality and features of our online operations. The Internet and the electronic commerce industry are characterized by rapid technological change, changes in user and customer requirements and preferences, frequent new product and service introductions embodying new technologies, and the emergence of new industry standards and practices.

The evolving nature of the Internet or the postage markets could render our existing technology and systems obsolete. Our success will depend, in part, on our ability to (i) license or acquire leading technologies useful in our business, (ii) enhance our existing services, (iii) develop new services or features and technology that address the increasingly sophisticated and varied needs of our current and prospective users, and (iv) respond to technological advances and emerging industry and regulatory standards and practices in a cost-effective and timely manner.

Future advances in technology may not be beneficial to, or compatible with, our business. Furthermore, we may not be successful in using new technologies effectively or adapting our technology and systems to user requirements or emerging industry standards on a timely basis. Our ability to remain technologically competitive may require substantial expenditures and lead time. If we are unable to adapt in a timely manner to changing market conditions or user requirements, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be seriously harmed.

Our operating results could be impaired if we or the Internet become subject to additional government regulation.

Changes in the laws and regulations applicable to the Internet or us, including those relating to user privacy, pricing, content, copyrights, distribution, characteristics and quality of products and services, and export controls, could seriously harm our business, financial condition and results of operations. Moreover, the applicability of existing laws to the Internet is uncertain with regard to many issues, including property ownership, export of specialized technology, sales tax, libel and personal privacy, and changes in their interpretation could similarly harm us. The application of laws and regulations from jurisdictions whose laws do not currently apply to our business, or the application of existing laws and regulations to the Internet and other online services could also harm our business.

We have employees and offer our services in multiple states, and we may in the future expand internationally. These jurisdictions may claim that we are required to qualify to do business as a foreign corporation in each state or foreign country. Our failure to qualify as a foreign corporation in a jurisdiction where we are required to do so could subject us to taxes and penalties. Other states and foreign countries may also attempt to regulate our services or prosecute us for violations of their laws.

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Risks Related to Our Stock

The tax value of our net operating losses could be impaired if we trigger a change of control pursuant to Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code.

We currently have federal and state net operating loss (“NOL”) carry-forwards of approximately $240 million and $150 million, respectively, with potential value of up to $95 million in tax savings over the next 15 years. Under Internal Revenue Code Section 382 rules, if a “change of ownership” is triggered, our NOL asset may be impaired. A change in ownership can occur whenever there is a shift in ownership by more than 50 percentage points by one or more “5% shareholders” within a three-year period. We estimate that as of December 31, 2008 we were at approximately a 34% level compared with the 50% level that would trigger impairment of our NOL asset.

During the second quarter of 2008, we received shareholder approval to amend our articles of incorporation in order to protect our NOL asset (the “NOL Protective Measures”) and those measures are now in effect. Under the NOL Protective Measures there is no change to the way that existing Stamps.com shares are held or traded, but any person, company or investment firm which wishes to become a “5% shareholder” of Stamps.com must first obtain a waiver from our board of directors. In addition, any person, company or investment firm which is already a “5% shareholder” of Stamps.com cannot make any additional purchases of Stamps.com stock without a waiver from our board of directors.

As of February 27, 2009, we had 16,653,144 shares outstanding, and therefore ownership of approximately 833,000 shares or more would currently constitute a “5% shareholder”. We strongly urge that any stockholder contemplating owning more than 675,000 shares contact us before doing so.

Although the NOL Protective Measures are intended to reduce the likelihood of an “ownership change”, we cannot ensure that an “ownership change” will not occur.

Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code is an extremely complex provision with respect to which there are many uncertainties. Accordingly, the NOL Protective Measures may not prevent all transfers that might result in an “ownership change.” Alternatively, a court could find that some or all of the NOL Protective Measures are not enforceable, either in general or as to a particular fact situation. Even if the NOL Protective Measures are enforced by state courts, we have not requested a ruling from the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) regarding the effectiveness of the NOL Protective Measures, and we cannot ensure that the IRS will agree that the NOL Protective Measures are effective for purposes of Section 382. Moreover, our board of directors can permit a transfer or transfers that result in or contribute towards an “ownership change” if it determines that such a transfer is in our best interests. As a result of these and other factors, the NOL Protective Measures serve to reduce, but do not eliminate, the risk that we could undergo an “ownership change.” Therefore, we cannot assure you that upon audit, the IRS would agree that all of our NOLs are allowable.

Our charter documents, including the NOL Protective Measures, could deter a takeover effort, which could inhibit your ability to receive an acquisition premium for your shares.

The provisions of our certificate of incorporation, bylaws and Delaware law could make it difficult for a third party to acquire us, even if it would be beneficial to our stockholders. In addition, we are subject to the provisions of Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law, which could prohibit or delay a merger or other takeover of our company, and discourage attempts to acquire us.

In addition, the NOL Protective Measures could be deemed to have an “anti-takeover” effect because, among other things, they restrict the ability of a person, entity or group to accumulate more than 5% of our common stock and the ability of persons, entities or groups now owning more than 5% of our common stock to acquire additional shares of our common stock without the approval of our board of directors. As a result, our board of directors may be able to prevent any future takeover attempt. Therefore, the NOL Protective Measures could discourage or prevent accumulations of substantial blocks of shares in which our stockholders might receive a substantial premium above market value and might tend to insulate management against the possibility of removal.

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The USPS may object to a change of control of our common stock.

The USPS may raise national security or similar concerns to prevent foreign persons from acquiring significant ownership of our common stock or of our company. The USPS also has regulations regarding the change of control of approved PC Postage providers. These concerns may prohibit or delay a merger or other takeover of our company. Our competitors may also seek to have the USPS block the acquisition by a foreign person of our common stock or our company in order to prevent the combined company from becoming a more effective competitor in the market for PC Postage.

Our stock price is volatile.

The price at which our common stock has traded has fluctuated significantly. The price may continue to be volatile due to a number of factors, including the following, some of which are beyond our control:

variations in our operating results,
variations between our actual operating results and the expectations of securities analysts,
investors and the financial community,
sales by shareholders holding larger blocks of our stock,
announcements of developments affecting our business, systems or expansion plans by us or others, and
market volatility in general.

As a result of these and other factors, investors in our common stock may not be able to resell their shares at or above their original purchase price. In the past, securities class action litigation often has been instituted against companies following periods of volatility in the market price of their securities. This type of litigation, if directed at us, could result in substantial costs and a diversion of management’s attention and resources.

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.

None.

Item 2. Properties.

Our corporate headquarters are located in a 36,000 square foot facility in Los Angeles, California under a lease expiring in March 2010. We believe that our existing facility is suitable and adequate for our present purposes.

Item 3. Legal Proceedings.

On October 22, 2004, Kara Technology Incorporated filed suit against us in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, alleging, among other claims, that we infringed certain Kara Technology patents and that we misappropriated trade secrets owned by Kara Technology, most particularly with respect to our NetStamps feature. Kara Technology seeks an injunction, unspecified damages, and attorneys’ fees. The suit was transferred to the United States District Court for the Central District of California. On August 23, 2006, the court granted our summary judgment motions on the trade secret and other non-patent claims. On April 3, 2008, the court granted our summary judgment motion that PhotoStamps does not infringe. On June 27, 2008, at the conclusion of trial, the jury issued its verdict in our favor, finding that NetStamps does not infringe. Kara Technology has filed an appeal of the judgment in the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit.

On November 22, 2006, we filed a lawsuit against Endicia, Inc. and PSI Systems, Inc. in the United States District Court for the Central District of California for infringement of eleven of our patents covering, among other things, Internet postage technology. We seek an injunction, unspecified damages, and attorneys’ fees. On January 8, 2007, Endicia, Inc. and PSI Systems, Inc. filed counterclaims asking for a declaratory judgment that all eleven patents are invalid, unenforceable and not infringed. On November 10, 2008, we selected fifteen claims from eight of the patents to be the subject of the claim construction hearing and trial. The Court has vacated the trial date until the resolution of claim construction.

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On August 8, 2008, PSI Systems, Inc. filed a lawsuit against us in the same court, alleging that we infringed three PSI Systems patents related to Internet postage technology. PSI Systems seeks an injunction, unspecified damages, and attorneys’ fees. On September 16, 2008, we filed counterclaims for infringement of four more of our patents. In our counterclaim, we seek an injunction, unspecified damages, and attorneys’ fees. This lawsuit is in the discovery stage. The Court has not scheduled a trial commencement date.

In May and June 2001, we were named, together with certain of our current and former board members and/or officers, as a defendant in 11 purported class-action lawsuits, filed in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York. The lawsuits allege violations of the Securities Act and the Exchange Act in connection with our initial public offering and a secondary offering of our common stock. Plaintiffs seek damages and statutory compensation, including interest, costs and expenses (including attorneys’ fees). We reached a proposed settlement which would not have required us to make any payments, which was ultimately terminated in June 2007 after the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit determined that the class could not be certified as defined. Plaintiffs have filed an amended complaint and proposed an alternative class definition in related litigation. If such a class definition does not receive final court approval and/or a later settlement is not consummated for any reason, we intend to defend the lawsuits vigorously.

We are subject to various other routine legal proceedings and claims incidental to our business, or which involve primarily a claim for damages that does not exceed 10% of our consolidated assets. We believe that the ultimate results from these actions will not have a material adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

Item 4. Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders.

No matters were submitted to a vote of security holders during the quarter ended December 31, 2008.

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PART II.

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

Market Information

Our common stock is traded on The NASDAQ Stock Market under the symbol “STMP”. The following table sets forth the range of high and low closing sales prices reported on The NASDAQ Stock Market for our common stock for the following periods:

   
  High   Low
Fiscal Year 2007
                 
First Quarter   $ 17.05     $ 13.94  
Second Quarter   $ 15.35     $ 12.88  
Third Quarter   $ 14.27     $ 11.41  
Fourth Quarter   $ 13.88     $ 11.56  
Fiscal Year 2008
 
First Quarter   $ 12.06     $ 8.61  
Second Quarter   $ 15.72     $ 10.37  
Third Quarter   $ 14.30     $ 11.67  
Fourth Quarter   $ 12.18     $ 7.62  

Recent Share Prices

The following table sets forth the closing sales prices per share of our common stock on The NASDAQ Stock Market on (i) December 31, 2008 and (ii) February 27, 2009.

 
  Closing Price
December 31, 2008   $ 9.83  
February 27, 2009   $ 8.32  

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Stock Performance Graph

The information contained in this section shall not be deemed to be “soliciting material” or “filed” or incorporated by reference in future filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or subject to the liabilities of Section 18 of the Exchange Act, except to the extent that we specifically incorporate it by reference into a document filed under the Securities Act or the Exchange Act.

The following line graph compares the cumulative total return to stockholders of our common stock from December 31, 2003 to December 31, 2008 to the cumulative total return over such period of (i) NASDAQ Market Index and (ii) Morgan Stanley Internet Index, an equal-dollar-weighted index composed of 23 leading companies involved in Internet commerce, service and software. The graph assumes that $100 was invested on December 31, 2003 in our common stock and in each of the other two indices and the reinvestment of all dividends, if any.

[GRAPHIC MISSING]

The graph is presented in accordance with SEC requirements. Stockholders are cautioned against drawing any conclusions from this data, as past results are not necessarily indicative of future performance.

           
  Base
December 31,
2003
  Quarters Ending
Company/Index   Dec 31 2004   Dec 31 2005   Dec 31 2006   Dec 31 2007   Dec 31 2008
Stamps.com Inc.   $ 100.00     $ 163.00     $ 236.27     $ 162.08     $ 125.34     $ 101.16  
NASDAQ Market Index   $ 100.00     $ 108.59     $ 110.08     $ 120.56     $ 132.39     $ 78.72  
Morgan Stanley Internet Index   $ 100.00     $ 114.15     $ 115.08     $ 125.92     $ 166.91     $ 90.31  

Holders

As of February 27, 2009, there were approximately 1,168 stockholders of record and 16,653,144 shares of our outstanding common stock.

Dividend Policy

We did not pay any dividends during 2008, 2007 and 2006. Future declaration and payment of dividends will be in the discretion of our Board of Directors and will be dependent upon our future earnings, financial condition and capital requirements. The Board of Directors does not presently contemplate the payment of any dividends in the near future.

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Securities Authorized for Issuance Under Equity Compensation Plans

The following table provides information as of December 31, 2008 with respect to shares of our common stock that may be issued under our existing stock incentive plans, all of which were approved by our shareholders:

   
Number of Shares of
Common Stock to Be Issued upon
Exercise of Outstanding Options, Warrants and Rights (a)
  Weighted-average Exercise
Price of Outstanding Options,
Warrants and Rights
  Number of Shares of
Common Stock Remaining Available for Future Issuance Under Equity Compensation Plans (Excluding Shares Reflected in Column (a))
2,083,613   $16.77   7,571,583

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

We did not have any unregistered sales of common stock during 2008.

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

During the fourth quarter of 2008, we purchased our common stock as described in the following table:

       
Period(1)   Total Number of Shares
Purchased
  Average Price
Paid per Share
  Total Number of Shares
Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or
Programs
  Approximate Dollar Value of Shares That May Yet be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs
(in 000’s)
October 1, 2008 – 
October 31, 2008
    1,195,235     $ 10.60       1,195,235     $ 14,234  
November 1, 2008 – 
November 30, 2008
    611,011     $ 9.11       611,011     $ 14,110  
December 1, 2008 – 
December 31, 2008
    143,056     $ 8.56       143,056     $ 13,048  
Total     1,949,302                1,949,302           

(1) On July 16, 2008, we approved a repurchase program authorizing a maximum of 2,000,000 shares to be repurchased with an expiration date of no later than February 15, 2009. On October 16, 2008, this repurchase program was amended authorizing a maximum total of 3,000,000 shares to be repurchased with an expiration date of no later than February 15, 2009. On November 21, 2008, this repurchase program was further amended authorizing a maximum total of 3,800,000 shares to be repurchased with an expiration date of no later than February 15, 2009.

On February 5, 2009, our board of directors approved an additional share repurchase program authorizing us to purchase up to 2.5 million shares of our stock over the next six months as market and business conditions warrant. Our purchase of any of our shares will be subject to limitations that may be imposed on such purchases by applicable securities laws and regulations and the rules of The NASDAQ Stock Market. Purchases may be made in the open market, or in privately negotiated transactions from time to time at our discretion. We will consider repurchasing stock under our current repurchase program by evaluating such factors as the price of the stock, the daily trading volume and the availability of large blocks of stock and any additional constraints related to material inside information we may possess. We have no commitment to make any repurchases.

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Item 6. Selected Financial Data

The following data should be read in conjunction with the “Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” section and our financial statements, including the notes thereto, included elsewhere in this Report.

         
  Year Ended December 31,
     2008   2007   2006   2005   2004
     (In Thousands, Except per Share Data)
Statement of Operations Data:
                                            
Revenues   $ 84,912     $ 85,811     $ 84,586     $ 61,911     $ 38,112  
Cost and expenses:
                                            
Cost of sales     22,908       25,306       24,797       17,434       13,307  
Research and development     8,425       8,260       8,817       6,596       6,221  
Sales and marketing     33,538       33,115       27,793       19,804       12,586  
General and administrative.     15,581       12,538       11,649       9,633       12,985  
Income (loss) from operations     4,460       6,592       11,530       8,444       (6,987 ) 
Other income, net     2,918       4,461       5,096       2,231       2,254  
(Benefit) provision for income taxes     (2,786 )      387       164       246        
Net income (loss)   $ 10,164     $ 10,666     $ 16,462     $ 10,429     $ (4,733 ) 
Basic net income (loss) per share.   $ 0.53     $ 0.51     $ 0.71     $ 0.46     $ (0.21 ) 
Diluted net income (loss) per
share
  $ 0.53     $ 0.50     $ 0.69     $ 0.44     $ (0.21 ) 
Weighted average shares
outstanding used in basic
per-share calculation
    19,081       20,815       23,233       22,738       22,361  
Weighted average shares
outstanding used in diluted per-share calculation
    19,345       21,194       24,032       23,744       22,361  
Cash dividends declared per
common share
  $ 0.00     $ 0.00     $ 0.00     $ 0.00     $ 3.50  

         
  As of December 31,
     2008   2007   2006   2005   2004
     (In Thousands)
Balance Sheet Data:
                                            
Cash and investments   $ 74,059     $ 90,823     $ 106,074     $ 103,979     $ 87,207  
Working capital     63,037       60,011       27,724       36,295       26,911  
Total assets     93,258       104,953       121,550       118,454       100,428  
Total stockholders’ equity     78,341       92,442       110,535       109,940       94,887  

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Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the “Selected Financial Data” and our financial statements and the related notes thereto. This discussion contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from historical results or anticipated results including those set forth in the “Risk Factors” section of this report.

Overview

Stamps.com® is the leading provider of Internet-based postage solutions. Customers use our service to mail and ship a variety of mail pieces, including postcards, envelopes, flats and packages, using a wide range of USPS mail classes including First Class Mail®, Priority Mail®, Express Mail®, Media Mail®, Parcel Post®, and others. Our customers include home businesses, small businesses, corporations and individuals. We were the first ever USPS-licensed vendor to offer PC Postage® in a software-only business model in 1999. During 2004, we publicly launched a market test of PhotoStamps®, a new form of postage that allows consumers to turn digital photos, designs or images into valid US postage. Any reference in this document to the PC Postage business excludes our PhotoStamps business.

Section 382 Update

We currently have federal and state net operating loss (“NOL”) carry-forwards of approximately $240 million and $150 million, respectively, with potential value of up to $95 million in tax savings over the next 15 years. Under Internal Revenue Code Section 382 rules, if a “change of ownership” is triggered, our NOL asset may be impaired. A change in ownership can occur whenever there is a shift in ownership by more than 50 percentage points by one or more “5% shareholders” within a three-year period. We estimate that as of December 31, 2008 we were at approximately a 34% level compared with the 50% level that would trigger impairment of our NOL asset.

During the second quarter of 2008, we received shareholder approval to amend our articles of incorporation in order to protect our NOL asset (the “NOL Protective Measures”) and those measures are now in effect. Under the NOL Protective Measures there is no change to the way that existing Stamps.com shares are held or traded, but any person, company or investment firm which wishes to become a “5% shareholder” of Stamps.com must first obtain a waiver from our board of directors. In addition, any person, company or investment firm which is already a “5% shareholder” of Stamps.com cannot make any additional purchases of Stamps.com stock without a waiver from our board of directors.

As of February 27, 2009, we had 16,653,144 shares outstanding, and therefore ownership of approximately 833,000 shares or more would currently constitute a “5% shareholder”. We strongly urge that any stockholder contemplating owning more than 675,000 shares contact us before doing so.

Results of Operations

Years Ended December 31, 2008 and 2007

Total revenue in 2008 was $84.9 million, a decrease of 1% from $85.8 million in 2007. PC Postage subscriber related revenue, including service revenue, product revenue and insurance revenue, in 2008 was $73.0 million, an increase of 9% compared to $67.0 million in 2007. PhotoStamps revenue in 2008 was $11.9 million, a decrease of 34% compared to $17.9 million in 2007.

The PC Postage marketing channels we use to acquire customers include partnerships, online advertising, affiliate channel, direct mail, traditional media advertising, enhanced promotion online channel and others. We look at our enhanced promotion channel separately from our non-enhanced promotion channels. In the enhanced promotion channel, we work with various companies to advertise our service in a variety of sites on the Internet. These companies typically offer an additional promotion directly to the customer in order to get the customer to try our service. Although our enhanced promotion channel is characterized by lower customer acquisition costs than our other channels, its customer attrition rates are higher. In recent periods, we have decided to decrease our marketing investment in that channel and increase investments in our other non-enhanced promotion marketing channels.

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As a result, we estimate that subscriber related revenue for customers acquired through our enhanced promotion channel for 2008 was $9.1 million, a decrease of 4% from $9.5 million in 2007. We estimate that subscriber related revenue for customers acquired through our non-enhanced promotion channels for 2008 was $63.9 million, an increase of 11% from $57.5 million in 2007.

We define paid customers as ones from whom we successfully collected service fees at least once during the quarter. The following table sets forth the total number of paid customers originally acquired through our non-enhanced promotion channels on a quarterly basis (in thousands):

       
Year   First Quarter
Paid Customers
(000)
  Second Quarter Paid Customers
(000)
  Third Quarter
Paid Customers
(000)
  Fourth Quarter
Paid Customers
(000)
2008     305       314       312       311  
2007     267       270       281       293  

We believe that the increase in paid customers in 2008 was attributable to our increased customer acquisition spending. For customers originally acquired through our non-enhanced promotion channels, our average subscriber related monthly revenue per paid customer in 2008 was $17.16 compared to $17.26 in 2007.

The following table sets forth our results of operations as a percentage of total revenue for the periods indicated:

   
  Twelve Months Ended December 31,
     2008   2007
Total Revenues:
                 
Service     72.5 %      65.2 % 
Product     11.7 %      11.2 % 
Insurance     1.8 %      1.7 % 
PhotoStamps     14.0 %      20.8 % 
Other     0.0 %      1.1 % 
Total revenues     100.0 %      100.0 % 
Cost of revenues:
                 
Service     12.2 %      11.3 % 
Product     4.2 %      3.8 % 
Insurance     0.6 %      0.5 % 
PhotoStamps     10.0 %      13.8 % 
Other     0.0 %      0.1 % 
Total cost of revenues     27.0 %      29.5 % 
Gross profit     73.0 %       70.5 %  
Operating expenses:
                 
Sales and marketing     39.5 %      38.6 % 
Research and development     9.9 %      9.6 % 
General and administrative     18.3 %      14.6 % 
Total operating expenses     67.7 %      62.8 % 
Income from operations     5.3 %      7.7 % 
Other income, net     3.4 %      5.2 % 
Income before income taxes     8.7 %      12.9 % 
(Benefit) provision for income taxes     -3.3 %      0.5 % 
Net income     12.0 %      12.4 % 

Revenue

Our revenue is derived primarily from five sources: (1) service fees charged to customers for use of our PC Postage service; (2) product sales consisting of Supplies Store revenue from the direct sale of consumables and supplies (3) insurance revenue from our branded insurance offering; (4) PhotoStamps revenue from our

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PhotoStamps business; and (5) other revenue, consisting of licensing revenue and advertising revenue derived from advertising programs with our existing customer base. Total revenue decreased 1% to $84.9 million in 2008 from $85.8 million in 2007.

Service revenue increased 10% to $61.6 million in 2008 from $55.9 million in 2007. The increase in service revenue is primarily due to the increase in our successfully billed customers as a result of the growth in our customer base. The 10% increase in service revenue consisted of a 13% increase in service revenue from customers acquired through our non-enhanced promotion channels and a 4% decrease in service revenue from customers acquired through our enhanced promotion channel. The 13% increase in service revenue from customers through the non-enhanced promotion channels consisted of a 12% increase in successfully billed customers and a 1% increase in average service revenue per customer. As a percentage of total revenue, service revenue increased approximately eight percentage points to 73% in 2008 from 65% in 2007, primarily as a result of the decrease in revenue from our PhotoStamps product.

Product revenue increased 3% to $9.9 million in 2008 from $9.6 million in 2007. The increase in product revenue was attributable to growth in the number of orders, partially offset by a decline in the average revenue per order. The increase in product revenue consisted of a 4% increase in store orders shipped and a 1% decrease in average revenue per order. The increase in store orders shipped was primarily attributable to an increase in our paid customer base. As a percentage of total revenue, product revenue increased approximately one percentage point to 12% in 2008 from 11% in 2007.

Insurance revenue increased 6.5% to $1.6 million in 2008 from $1.5 million in 2007. The increase in insurance revenue consisted of a 2% increase in insurance transactions and a 4% increase in average revenue per insurance transaction. The increase in insurance transactions was primarily attributable to an increase in our paid customer base and the increase in average revenue per transactions was primarily attributable to an increase in the average declared value per package. As a percentage of total revenue, insurance revenue was 2% in each of 2008 and 2007.

PhotoStamps revenue decreased 34% to $11.9 million in 2008 from $17.9 million in 2007. The decrease in revenue was primarily attributable to a decrease in the number of sheets shipped. PhotoStamps sheets shipped during 2008 was approximately 712,000, a 35% decrease compared to 1.1 million in 2007. Average revenue per sheet shipped for 2008 was $16.68, a 2% increase compared to $16.34 for 2007. We believe the decrease in PhotoStamps sheets shipped was primarily attributable to the weaker general economy and our reduction in PhotoStamps consumer sales and marketing spending. As a percentage of total revenue, PhotoStamps revenue decreased approximately seven percentage points to 14% in 2008 from 21% in 2007.

Because of the expiration of a licensing agreement in June 2007, we did not have any other revenue in 2008, compared to $907,000 in 2007.

Cost of Revenue

Cost of revenue principally consists of the cost of customer service, certain promotional expenses, system operating costs, credit card processing fees, the cost of postage for PhotoStamps, image review, printing and fulfillment costs for PhotoStamps, parcel insurance offering costs, customer misprints and products sold through our Supplies Store and the related costs of shipping and handling. Total cost of revenue decreased 9% in 2008 to $22.9 million from $25.3 million in 2007. As a percentage of total revenue, cost of revenue decreased three percentage points to 27% in 2008 compared to 30% in 2007.

Cost of service revenue increased 7% to $10.4 million in 2008 from $9.7 million in 2007. The increase in cost of service revenue is primarily attributable to higher customer support related expenses resulting from expanding our support personnel and efforts to improve the overall customer experience. Promotional expenses, which includes free postage and a free digital scale offered to new customers, are included in cost of service revenue. Promotional expenses were approximately $791,000 and $1.7 million during 2008 and 2007, respectively. The decrease in promotional expense is primarily attributable to a change in our estimate of future coupon redemptions made during 2008. Promotional expense, which represents a material portion of total cost of service revenue, is expensed in the period in which a customer qualifies for the promotion while the revenue associated with the acquired customer is earned over the customer's lifetime. As a result, promotional expense for newly acquired customers may exceed the revenue earned from those customers in that

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period. As a percentage of total revenue, cost of service revenue increased approximately one percentage point to 12% in 2008 as compared to 11% in 2007.

Cost of product revenue increased 7% to $3.5 million in 2008 from $3.3 million in 2007. The increase in cost of product revenue was primarily attributable to the increase in store sales and higher fulfillment costs in 2008 compared with 2007. As a percentage of total revenue, cost of product revenue was 4% in both 2008 and 2007.

Cost of insurance revenue increased 9% to $498,000 in 2008 from $455,000 in 2007. The increase in cost of insurance revenue was attributable to both an increase in the number of insurance transactions and an increase in the average cost per insurance transaction. As a percentage of total revenue, cost of insurance revenue was unchanged at 1% in 2008 and 2007.

Cost of PhotoStamps revenue decreased 28% to $8.5 million in 2008 from $11.9 million in 2007, corresponding to the decrease in PhotoStamps revenue. Additionally, the gross margin from PhotoStamps is significantly lower than that of our other sources of revenue because we include the stated value of USPS postage as part of our cost of PhotoStamps revenue. As a percentage of total revenue, cost of PhotoStamps revenue decreased approximately four percentage points to 10% in 2008 from 14% in 2007.

Because of the expiration of a licensing agreement in June 2007, we did not have any cost of other revenue in 2008 compared to $52,000 in 2007.

Sales and Marketing

Sales and marketing expense principally consists of spending to acquire new customers and compensation and related expenses for personnel engaged in sales, marketing, and business development activities. Sales and marketing expense increased 1% to $33.5 million in 2008 from $33.1 million in 2007. As a percentage of total revenue, sales and marketing expense increased approximately one percentage point to 40% in 2008 from 39% in 2007. The increase, both on an absolute basis and as a percentage of total revenue, is primarily due to the increase in various marketing program expenditures relating to the acquisition of customers for our PC Postage business, partially offset by a decrease in marketing expenditures related to PhotoStamps. Ongoing marketing programs include the following: traditional advertising, partnerships, customer referral programs, customer re-marketing efforts, telemarketing, direct mail, and online advertising.

Research and Development

Research and development expense principally consists of compensation for personnel involved in the development of our services, depreciation of equipment and software and expenditures for consulting services and third party software. Research and development expense increased 2% to $8.4 million in 2008 from $8.3 million in 2007. The slight increase is mainly attributable to increased headcount related expenses. As a percentage of total revenue, research and development expense was 10% in 2008 and 2007.

General and Administrative

General and administrative expense principally consists of compensation and related costs for executive and administrative personnel, fees for legal and other professional services, depreciation of equipment and software used for general corporate purposes and amortization of intangible assets. General and administrative expense increased 24% to $15.6 million in 2008 from $12.5 million in 2007. As a percentage of total revenue, general and administrative expense increased approximately three percentage points to 18% in 2008 from 15% in 2007. The increase, both on an absolute basis and as a percentage of total revenue, is primarily attributable to the increase in legal expenses relating to existing litigation.

Other Income, Net

Other income, net primarily consists of interest income from cash equivalents, short-term and long-term investments. Other income, net decreased 35% to $2.9 million in 2008 from $4.5 million in 2007. As a percentage of total revenue, other income, net decreased approximately two percentage points to 3% in 2008 as compared to 5% in 2007. The decrease, both on an absolute basis and as a percentage of total revenue, is primarily from lower interest income resulting from lower interest rates and lower investment balances, as we sold certain investments and used the cash to repurchase shares of our common stock.

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Expectations for 2009

We expect the following trends for 2009 compared with 2008.

We expect to increase our PC postage marketing spending on customers acquired through our non-enhanced promotion channels and expect that subscriber related revenue for customers acquired through these channels will increase slightly. We expect to reduce spending on our PC Postage marketing for customers acquired through the enhanced promotion channel and expect that subscriber related revenue for customers acquired through this channel will decrease. We expect that both our spending on PhotoStamps marketing and revenue from PhotoStamps will decrease.
We expect PC Postage gross margins to be similar to 2008 and expect PhotoStamps gross margins to decrease compared with 2008 due to lower expected PhotoStamps revenue.
We expect Other Income, net to decrease due to lower invested cash balances and lower interest rates.

Our results are subject to macro economic factors and a continued, prolonged recession, among other factors, could cause these trends to be worse than our current expectations.

Years Ended December 31, 2007 and 2006

Total revenue for 2007 increased 1% to $85.8 million from $84.6 million in 2006. PC Postage subscriber related revenue, including service revenue, product revenue and insurance revenue, in 2007 was $67.0 million, an increase of 5% compared to $64.0 million in 2006. PhotoStamps revenue in 2007 was $17.9 million, a decrease of 5% compared to $18.8 million in 2006.

We estimate that subscriber related revenue for customer acquired through our enhanced promotion channel for 2007 was $9.5 million, a decrease of 8% from $10.3 million in 2006. We estimate that subscriber related revenue for customers acquired through our non-enhanced promotion channels for 2007 was $57 million, an increase of 7% from $53.7 million in 2006. The decrease in enhanced promotion subscriber revenue and increase in non-enhanced promotion subscriber revenue was attributable to the decrease in our marketing investment in the enhanced promotion channel and our increase in marketing investments in other marketing channels.

The following table sets forth the total number of paid customers originally acquired through our non-enhanced promotion channels on a quarterly basis (in thousands):

       
Year   First Quarter
Paid Customers (000)
  Second Quarter Paid Customers (000)   Third Quarter
Paid Customers (000)
  Fourth Quarter
Paid Customers
(000)
2007     267       270       281       293  
2006     268       261       251       258  

We believe that the increase in paid customers in 2007 was attributable to our increased customer acquisition spending. For customers originally acquired through our non-enhanced promotion channels, our average subscriber related monthly revenue per paid customer in 2007 was $17.26 compared to $17.23 in 2006.

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The following table sets forth our results of operations as a percentage of total revenue for the periods indicated:

   
  Twelve Months Ended
December 31,
     2007   2006
Total Revenues:
 
Service     65.2 %       63.6 %  
Product     11.2 %       10.3 %  
Insurance     1.7 %       1.7 %  
PhotoStamps     20.8 %       22.2 %  
Other     1.1 %       2.2 %  
Total revenues     100.0 %       100.0 %  
Cost of revenues:
                 
Service     11.3 %       11.7 %  
Product     3.8 %       3.2 %  
Insurance     0.5 %       0.5 %  
PhotoStamps     13.8 %       13.7 %  
Other     0.1 %       0.2 %  
Total cost of revenues     29.5 %       29.3 %  
Gross profit     70.5 %       70.7 %  
Operating expenses:
                 
Sales and marketing     38.6 %       32.9 %  
Research and development     9.6 %       10.4 %  
General and administrative     14.6 %       13.8 %  
Total operating expenses     62.8 %       57.1 %  
Income from operations     7.7 %       13.6 %  
Other income, net     5.2 %       6.0 %  
Income before income taxes     12.9 %       19.6 %  
Provision for income taxes     0.5 %       0.2 %  
Net income     12.4 %       19.4 %  

Revenue

Service revenue increased 4% from $53.8 million in 2006 to $55.9 million in 2007. The increase in service revenue is primarily due to the increase in our successfully billed customers as a result of the growth in our customer base. As a percentage of total revenue, service revenue increased one percentage point to 65% in 2007 from 64% in 2006, primarily as a result of the decrease in revenue from our PhotoStamps product.

Product revenue increased 11% from $8.7 million in 2006 to $9.6 million in 2007. The increase was primarily attributable to the following: (1) our launch of a new supplies store interface in September 2006 from which we derived the benefit during all of 2007; (2) growth in our paid customer base; (3) marketing the supplies store to our existing customer base; (4) the additional SKUs we added to our store; and (5) growth in postage printed, which helps drive sales of consumable supplies such as labels. Total postage printed by customers using our service during 2007 was $272 million, a 19% increase from the $229 million printed during 2006. As a percentage of total revenue, product revenue increased one percentage point to 11% in 2007 from 10% in 2006.

Insurance revenue increased 2% from $1.4 million in 2006 to $1.5 million in 2007, primarily as a result of an increase in the average of dollar value insured per transaction. As a percentage of total revenue, insurance revenue was 2% in each of 2007 and 2006.

PhotoStamps revenue decreased 5% from $18.8 million in 2006 to $17.9 million in 2007. As a percentage of total revenue, PhotoStamps revenue decreased one percentage point to 21% in 2007 from 22% in 2006. The decrease, both on an absolute basis and as a percentage of total revenue, is primarily due to a decrease in

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the average revenue per sheet shipped. Total PhotoStamps sheets shipped during 2007 was approximately 1.1 million, a 3% increase compared to 1.0 million in 2006. Average revenue per sheet shipped for 2007 was $16.34, an 8% decrease compared to $17.74 for 2006. Both the increase in sheets shipped and decrease in average revenue per PhotoStamps sheet shipped were primarily attributable to a higher mix of high volume business PhotoStamps orders, which carry a lower per sheet price. In addition, we reduced our PhotoStamps consumer sales and marketing spending during the fourth quarter of 2007.

Other revenue decreased 50% from $1.8 million in 2006 to $907,000 in 2007. The decrease in other revenue is mainly attributable to the expiration of a licensing agreement in June 2007.

Cost of Revenue

Cost of revenue increased 2% in 2007 to $25.3 million from $24.8 million in 2006. As a percentage of total revenue, cost of revenue increased one percentage point to 30% in 2007 as compared to 29% in 2006.

Cost of service revenue decreased 2% from $9.9 million in 2006 to $9.7 million in 2007. As a percentage of total revenue, cost of service revenue decreased one percentage point to 11% in 2007 as compared to 12% in 2006. Promotional expenses, which includes free postage and a free digital scale offered to new customers, are included in cost of service revenue. Promotional expenses were approximately $2.2 million and $1.7 million in 2006 and 2007, respectively. The decrease in cost of service revenue, both on an absolute basis and as a percentage of total revenue, is primarily due to lower promotional expenses resulting from decreased coupon redemptions of the promotional items. Promotional expense, which represents a material portion of total cost of service revenue, is expensed in the period in which a customer qualifies for the promotion while the revenue associated with the acquired customer is earned over the customer's lifetime. As a result, promotional expense for newly acquired customers may exceed the revenue earned from those customers in that period.

Cost of product revenue increased 22% from $2.7 million in 2006 to $3.3 million in 2007. As a percentage of total revenue, cost of product revenue increased one percentage point to 4% in 2007 as compared to 3% in 2006. The increase, both on an absolute basis and as percentage of total revenue, is mainly attributable to the increase in product sales.

Cost of insurance revenue increased 3% from $442,000 in 2006 to $455,000 in 2007. The increase is mainly attributable to the increase in insurance sales as a result of the increase in the average of dollar value insured per transaction. As a percentage of total revenue, cost of insurance revenue was 1% in each of 2006 and 2007.

Cost of PhotoStamps revenue increased 14% from $11.6 million in 2006 to $11.9 million in 2007, primarily due to the increase in high volume business orders. Additionally, the gross margin from PhotoStamps is significantly lower than that of our other sources of revenue because we include the stated value of USPS postage as part of our cost of PhotoStamps revenue.

Cost of other revenue decreased 68% from $165,000 in 2006 to $52,000 in 2007, primarily due to the expiration of one of our licensing agreements in June 2007. As a percentage of total revenue, cost of other revenue remained at less than one percent in each of 2006 and 2007.

Sales and Marketing

Sales and marketing expense increased 19% from $27.8 million in 2006 to $33.1 million in 2007. As a percentage of total revenue, sales and marketing expense increased six percentage points to 39% in 2007 from 33% in 2006. The increase, both on an absolute basis and as a percentage of total revenue, is primarily due to the increase in various marketing program expenditures relating to the acquisition of customers for our PC Postage business, partially offset by a decrease in marketing expenditures related to PhotoStamps.

Research and Development

Research and development expense principally consists of compensation for personnel involved in the development of our services, depreciation of equipment and software and expenditures for consulting services and third party software. Research and development expense decreased 6% from $8.8 million to $8.3 million in 2007. This decrease is primarily due to a decrease in Statement of Financial Accounting Standard 123R

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stock-based compensation and lower headcount related expenses. As a percentage of total revenue, research and development expense was 10% in each of 2006 and 2007.

General and Administrative

General and administrative expense increased 8% from $11.6 million in 2006 to $12.5 million in 2007. As a percentage of total revenue, general and administrative expense increased one percentage point to 15% in 2007 from 14% in 2006. The increase, both on an absolute basis and as a percentage of total revenue, is primarily due to the increase in legal expenses relating to existing litigation and to increased SFAS 123R stock-based compensation expense.

Other Income, Net

Other income, net decreased 12% from $5.1 million in 2006 to $4.5 million in 2007. As a percentage of total revenue, other income, net decreased one percentage point to 5% in 2007 as compared to 4% in 2005. The decrease, both on an absolute basis and as a percentage of total revenue, is primarily due to lower investment balances, as we sold certain investments and used the cash to repurchase shares of our common stock.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

As of December 31, 2008 and 2007, we had approximately $74 million and $91 million in cash, restricted cash and short-term and long-term investments, respectively. We invest available funds in short-term and long-term money market funds, commercial paper, asset-backed securities, corporate notes and bonds and municipal securities and do not engage in hedging or speculative activities.

In November 2003, we entered into a facility lease agreement commencing in March 2004 for our new corporate headquarters with aggregate lease payments of approximately $4.0 million through February 2010.

The following table is a schedule of our significant contractual obligations and commercial commitments which consists only of the future minimum lease payments under operating leases at December 31, 2008 (in thousands):

 
  Operating
Years ended:
        
2009     794  
2010     134  
2011      
Thereafter      
     $ 928  

During 2008, we repurchased approximately 2.7 million shares of our common stock for approximately $26.9 million. During 2009, subject to limitations that may be imposed by applicable securities laws and regulations and the rules of The NASDAQ Stock Market, we will consider repurchasing stock under our current repurchase program by evaluating such factors as the price of the stock, the daily trading volume and the availability of large blocks of stock and any additional constraints related to material inside information we may possess. We have no commitments to make any such purchases.

Net cash provided by operating activities was $11.7 million and $16.9 million for 2008 and 2007, respectively. The decrease in net cash provided by operating activities is primarily attributable to higher legal expenses and lower interest income.

Net cash provided by investing activities was $23.4 million and $46.9 million for 2008 and 2007, respectively. The decrease in net cash provided by investing activities primarily resulted from selling fewer investments to fund our stock repurchases, which decreased from $33.3 million in 2007 to $26.8 million in 2008.

Net cash used by financing activities was $26.2 million and $31.9 million for 2008 and 2007, respectively. The decrease in net cash used in financing activities resulted primarily from lower costs of the repurchase of our Company’s common stock in 2008 compared with 2007.

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We believe our available cash and marketable securities, together with the cash flow from operations will be sufficient to fund our business for at least the next twelve months.

Critical Accounting Policies

General.  The discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based on our financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with US generally accepted accounting principles. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. On an on-going basis, we evaluate our estimates, including those related to patents, contingencies and litigation. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe are reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

We believe the following critical accounting policies affect our more significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of our financial statements.

Revenue Recognition

We recognize revenue from product sales or services rendered, as well as from licensing the use of our software and intellectual property, when the following four revenue recognition criteria are met: persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred or services have been rendered, the selling price is fixed or determinable, and collectibility is reasonably assured.

Our service revenue is based on monthly convenience fees and is recognized in the period that services are provided. Product sales, net of return allowances, are recorded when the products are shipped and title passes to customers. Sales of items, including PhotoStamps, to customers are made pursuant to a sales contract that provides for transfer of both title and risk of loss upon our delivery to the carrier. Return allowances for expected product returns, which reduce product revenue, are estimated using historical experience. We recognize licensing revenue ratably over the contract period. Commissions from the advertising or sale of products by a third party vendor to our customer base are recognized when the revenue is earned and collection is deemed probable. We recognize revenue on insurance purchases upon the ship date of the insured package.

Intangibles

We make an assessment of the estimated useful lives of our patents and other amortizable intangibles. These estimates are made using various assumptions that are subjective in nature and could change as economic and competitive conditions change. If events were to occur that would cause our assumptions to change, the amounts recorded as amortization would be adjusted.

Contingencies and Litigation

We are involved in various litigation matters as a claimant and as a defendant. We record any amounts recovered in these matters when collection is certain. We record liabilities for claims against us when the losses are probable and estimable. Any amounts recorded would be based on reviews by outside counsel, in-house counsel and management. Actual results may differ from estimates.

Promotional Expense

New PC Postage customers are typically offered promotional items that are redeemed using coupons that are qualified for redemption after a customer is successfully billed beyond an initial trial period. This includes free postage and a free digital scale and is expensed in the period in which a customer qualifies using estimated redemption rates based on historical data. Promotional expense, which is included in cost of service, is incurred as customers qualify and thereby may not correlate directly with changes in revenue, as the revenue associated with the acquired customer is earned over the customer's lifetime.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In December 2007, the FASB issued Financial Statement Position No. 141 (revised 2007), “Business Combinations” (FSP SFAS 141(R)). The fundamental requirements of using the acquisition method of

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accounting (which SFAS 141 called the purchase method) for all business combinations, identifying an acquirer for each business combination, and identifying and recognizing intangible assets separately from goodwill remain unchanged by the standard. The new requirements of the standard include: recognizing assets acquired, liabilities assumed, and any noncontrolling interest in the acquiree at the acquisition date, measured at their fair values as of that date; recognizing the identifiable assets and liabilities, as well as the noncontrolling interest in the acquiree in a step acquisition at the full amounts of their fair values; recognizing acquisition-related and restructuring costs separately from the acquisition itself; and recognizing a gain by the acquirer when total acquisition-date fair value of the identifiable net assets acquired exceeds the fair value of the consideration transferred plus any noncontrolling interest in the acquiree. SFAS 141(R) applies prospectively to business combinations for which the acquisition date is on or after the beginning of the first annual reporting period beginning on or after December 15, 2008. SFAS 141(R) is effective for the Company for transactions consummated during annual periods beginning after December 15, 2008. Earlier adoption is prohibited. SFAS 141 (R) also amends FASB Statement No. 109, “Accounting for Income Taxes” (SFAS 109), such that the effects of changes to deferred tax asset valuation allowances established in purchase price allocations are reported directly as a reduction of income tax expense. After SFAS 141(R) is adopted, all changes to tax uncertainties and deferred tax asset valuation allowances established in purchase accounting, should be recognized in accordance with the amended requirements of SFAS 109, even if the combination occurred prior to the effective date of SFAS 141 (R). We do not anticipate the adoption of FSP SFAS 141(R) will have a material impact to our financial statements.

In April 2008, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Financial Statement Position No. SFAS 142-3, “Determination of the Useful Life of Intangible Assets” (FSP SFAS 142-3). FSP SFAS 142-3 amends the factors that should be considered in developing renewal or extension assumptions used to determine the useful life of a recognized intangible asset under SFAS No. 142, “Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets” (SFAS 142). The intent of FSP SFAS 142-3 is to improve the consistency between the useful life of a recognized intangible asset under SFAS 142 and the period of expected cash flows used to measure the fair value of the asset under SFAS No. 141(R) and other applicable accounting literature. FSP SFAS 142-3 is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008 and must be applied prospectively to intangible assets acquired after the effective date. We do not anticipate the adoption of FSP SFAS 142-3 will have a material impact on our financial statements.

In October 2008, the FASB issued Financial Statement Position No. SFAS 157-3, “Determining the Fair Value of a Financial Asset When the Market for That Asset is Not Active” (FSP SFAS 157-3). FSP SFAS 157-3 clarifies the application of FASB Statement No. 157, “Fair Value Measurements”, in a market that is not active and provides an example to illustrate key consideration in determining the fair value of a financial asset when the market for that financial asset is not active. FSP SFAS 157-3 is effective upon issuance, and its adoption did not have a material impact on our financial statements.

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

Our exposure to market rate risk for changes in interest rates relates primarily to our investment portfolio. We have not used derivative financial instruments in our investment portfolio. None of the instruments in our investment portfolio are held for trading purposes. Our cash equivalents and investments consist of money market, U.S. government obligations, asset-backed securities and public corporate debt securities with weighted average maturities of 76 days at December 31, 2008. Our cash equivalents and investments, net of restricted cash, approximated $73.5 million and had a related weighted average interest rate of approximately 1.9%. Interest rate fluctuations impact the carrying value of the portfolio. The fair value of our portfolio of marketable securities would not be significantly affected by either a 10 % increase or decrease in the rates of interest due primarily to the short-term nature of the portfolio. We do not believe that the future market risks related to the above securities will have a material adverse impact on our financial position, results of operations or liquidity.

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

Our financial statements, schedules and supplementary data, as listed under Item 15, appear in a separate section of this Report beginning on page F-1.

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Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.

None.

Item 9A. Controls and Procedures.

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

We maintain disclosure controls and procedures (as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act), designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms.

As of the end of the period covered by this Report, our management evaluated, with the participation of our Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer, the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based on that evaluation, our Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer have concluded, as of that time, that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective in ensuring that information required to be disclosed by us in reports filed or submitted under the Exchange Act (i) is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms and (ii) is accumulated and communicated to our management including our Principal Executive Officer and our Principal Financial Officer, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as such term is defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f). Our internal control system was designed to provide reasonable assurance to our management and Board of Directors regarding the preparation and fair presentation of published financial statements. All internal control systems, no matter how well designed, have inherent limitations. Therefore, even those systems determined to be effective can provide only reasonable assurance with respect to financial statement preparation and presentation.

Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, management used the criteria set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO) in Internal Control-Integrated Framework. Based on our assessment and those criteria, management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was effective as of December 31, 2008.

Ernst & Young, LLP, the independent registered public accounting firm who also audited our consolidated financial statements, has issued an attestation report on the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2008, which is included herein.

Changes in Internal Controls

During the quarter ended December 31, 2008, there has been no change in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Exchange Act) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

Item 9B. Other Information.

None.

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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

The Board of Directors and Stockholders of
Stamps.com Inc.

We have audited Stamps.com Inc.’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2008, based on criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (the COSO criteria). Stamps.com Inc.’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting, and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit.

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

In our opinion, Stamps.com Inc. maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2008, based on the COSO criteria.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the balance sheets of Stamps.com Inc. as of December 31, 2008 and 2007, and the related statements of income, stockholders' equity, and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2008 of Stamps.com Inc. and our report dated March 13, 2009 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.

/s/ ERNST & YOUNG LLP

Los Angeles, California
March 13, 2009

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PART III.

Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.

We have adopted a written code of ethics that applies to our principal executive officer, principal financial officer, and principal accounting officer. Our code of ethics, which also applies to our directors and all of our officers and employees, can be found on our web site, which is located at www.stamps.com. We intend to make all required disclosures concerning any amendments to, or waivers from, our code of ethics on our web site. We will provide to any person without charge, upon request to the secretary of the company, a copy of our code of ethics.

The rest of the information required under this item is incorporated by reference herein to our proxy statement for our 2009 annual meeting of stockholders, which will be filed with the SEC by not later than 120 days after our fiscal year end.

Item 11. Executive Compensation.

The information required under this item is incorporated by reference herein to our proxy statement for our 2009 annual meeting of stockholders, which will be filed with the SEC by not later than 120 days after our fiscal year end.

Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.

The information required under this item is incorporated by reference herein to our proxy statement for our 2009 annual meeting of stockholders, which will be filed with the SEC by not later than 120 days after our fiscal year end.

Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence.

The information required under this item is incorporated by reference herein to our proxy statement for our 2009 annual meeting of stockholders, which will be filed with the SEC by not later than 120 days after our fiscal year end.

Item 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services.

The information required under this item is incorporated by reference herein to our proxy statement for our 2009 annual meeting of stockholders, which will be filed with the SEC by not later than 120 days after our fiscal year end.

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PART IV.

Item 15. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules.

(a) Documents filed as part of this report.

1. Financial Statements.  Our following financial statements are included in a separate section of this Annual Report on Form 10-K commencing on the pages referenced below:

STAMPS.COM FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

2. Financial Statement Schedules.  All of our financial statement schedules have been omitted because they are not applicable, not required, or the information is included in the financial statements or notes thereto.

3. Exhibits.  The following Exhibits are incorporated herein by reference or are filed with this report as indicated below:

 
Exhibit Number   Description
 3.1     Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Company.(11)
 3.2     Bylaws of the Company.(3)
 4.1     Specimen common stock certificate.(4)
10.1     Patent Assignment from Mohan P. Ananda to the Company, dated January 20, 1998.(1)
10.2     Assignment and License Agreement between the Company and Mohan P. Ananda, dated January 20, 1998.(1)
10.3     1998 Stock Plan and Forms of Notice of Grant and Stock Option Agreement.(2)
10.4     1999 Stock Incentive Plan (as amended and restated on April 25, 2000).(7)
10.5     1999 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (as amended and restated on February 9, 2000).(6)
10.6     Form of Indemnification Agreement between the Company and its directors and officers.(1)
10.7+    Patent License and Settlement Agreement dated December 19, 2003 by and between Stamps.com Inc. and Pitney Bowes Inc. (8)
10.8++   Agreement dated July 14, 2004 by and between Stamps.com Inc., eBay Inc. and PayPal, Inc. (9)
10.9     Form of Notice of Grant of Stock Option (1999 Stock Incentive Plan).(5)
10.10    Form of Stock Option Agreement (1999 Stock Incentive Plan).(5)
10.11    Form of Addendum to Stock Option Agreement — Involuntary Termination Following Corporate Transaction/Change in Control (1999 Stock Incentive Plan).(5)
10.12    Form of Addendum to Stock Option Agreement — Limited Stock Appreciation Right (1999 Stock Incentive Plan).(5)
10.13    Form of Stock Issuance Agreement (1999 Stock Incentive Plan).(5)
10.14    Form of Addendum to Stock Issuance Agreement — Involuntary Termination Following Corporate Transaction/Change in Control (1999 Stock Incentive Plan).(5)
10.15    Form Automatic Stock Option Agreement (1999 Stock Incentive Plan).(5)
10.16    Form Notice of Grant of Non-Employee Director — Automatic Stock Option (Initial) (1999 Stock Incentive Plan).(5)
10.17    Form Notice of Grant of Non-Employee Director — Automatic Stock Option (Annual) (1999 Stock Incentive Plan).(5)

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Exhibit Number   Description
10.18    Form of Enrollment/Change Form for Employee Stock Purchase Plan.(5)
10.19    Form of Stock Purchase Agreement for Employee Stock Purchase Plan.(5)
14       Code of Ethics.(10)
23.1     Consent of Ernst & Young LLP.(12)
24.1     Power of Attorney by G. Bradford Jones.(12)
24.2     Power of Attorney by Mohan Ananda.(12)
24.3     Power of Attorney by Lloyd I. Miller.(12)
24.4     Power of Attorney by Kevin Douglas.(12)
31.1     Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) and Rule 15d-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act, as amended.(12)
31.2     Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) and Rule 15d-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act, as amended.(12)
32.1     Certification of Chief Executive Office pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.(12)
32.2     Certification of Chief Financial Office pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.(12)

(1) Incorporated herein by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 26, 1999 (File No. 333-77025).
(2) Incorporated herein by reference to Amendment No. 1 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on May 13, 1999 (File No. 333-77025).
(3) Incorporated herein by reference to Amendment No. 2 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 7, 1999 (File No. 333-77025).
(4) Incorporated herein by reference to Amendment No. 4 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 22, 1999 (File No. 333-77025).
(5) Incorporated herein by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-8 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 28, 1999 (File No. 333-81733).
(6) Incorporated herein by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-8 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 30, 2000 (File No. 333-33648).
(7) Incorporated herein by reference to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-8 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on August 1, 2000 (File No. 333-42764).
(8) Incorporated herein by reference to the Company’s Form 8-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on December 22, 2003
(9) Incorporated herein by reference to the Company’s Form 8-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on July 16, 2004.
(10) Incorporated herein by reference to the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 14, 2008.
(11) Incorporated herein by reference to the Company’s Form 10-Q filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on August 8, 2008.
(12) Filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission with this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
+ Confidential treatment requested and received as to certain portions.
++ Confidential treatment has been requested for certain confidential portions of this exhibit pursuant to Rule 24b-2 under the Exchange Act. In accordance with Rule 24b-2, these confidential portions have been omitted from this exhibit and filed separately with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

The Board of Directors and Stockholders of
Stamps.com Inc.

We have audited the accompanying balance sheets of Stamps.com Inc. as of December 31, 2008 and 2007, and the related statements of income, stockholders' equity, and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2008. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Stamps.com Inc. at December 31, 2008 and 2007, and the results of its operations, stockholders’ equity and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2008, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), Stamps.com Inc.’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2008, based on criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission and our report dated March 13, 2009 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.

/s/ ERNST & YOUNG LLP

Los Angeles, California
March 13, 2009

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STAMPS.COM INC.
  
BALANCE SHEETS
(In Thousands, Except Per Share Data)

   
  December 31,
     2008   2007
ASSETS
                 
Current assets:
                 
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 52,576     $ 43,667  
Restricted cash     554       554  
Short-term investments     16,235       22,084  
Trade accounts receivable, net     2,962       2,519  
Other accounts receivable     1,201       1,209  
Other current assets     4,426       2,489  
Total current assets     77,954       72,522  
Property and equipment, net     3,086       3,790  
Intangible assets, net     505       871  
Long-term investments     4,694       24,518  
Deferred income taxes     3,671        
Other assets     3,348       3,252  
Total assets   $ 93,258     $ 104,953  
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
                 
Current liabilities:
                 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses   $ 11,174     $ 9,935  
Deferred revenue     3,743       2,576  
Total current liabilities     14,917       12,511  
Commitments and contingencies
                 
Stockholders’ equity:
                 
Common stock, $.001 par value
                 
Authorized shares 47,500 in 2008 and 2007
                 
Issued shares: 24,368 in 2008 and 24,258 in 2007
                 
Outstanding shares: 17,242 in 2008 and 19,813 in 2007     47       47  
Additional paid-in capital     626,810       622,781  
Accumulated deficit     (456,391 )      (466,555 ) 
Treasury stock, at cost, 7,126 shares in 2008 and 4,445 shares in 2007     (90,613 )      (63,737 ) 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss     (1,512 )      (94 ) 
Total stockholders’ equity     78,341       92,442  
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity   $ 93,258     $ 104,953  

 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

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STAMPS.COM INC.
  
STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(In Thousands, Except Per Share Data)

     
  Year Ended December 31,
     2008   2007   2006
Revenues:
                          
Service   $ 61,556     $ 55,903     $ 53,827  
Product     9,906       9,636       8,696  
Insurance     1,574       1,478       1,442  
PhotoStamps     11,876       17,887       18,801  
Other           907       1,820  
Total revenues     84,912       85,811       84,586  
Cost of revenues:
                          
Service     10,365       9,659       9,882  
Product     3,520       3,286       2,690  
Insurance     498       455       442  
PhotoStamps     8,525       11,854       11,618  
Other           52       165  
Total cost of revenues     22,908       25,306       24,797  
Gross profit     62,004       60,505       59,789  
Operating expenses:
                          
Sales and marketing     33,538       33,115       27,793  
Research and development     8,425       8,260       8,817  
General and administrative     15,581       12,538       11,649  
Total operating expenses     57,544       53,913       48,259  
Income from operations     4,460       6,592       11,530  
Other income:
                          
Interest income     2,892       4,461       5,096  
Other     26              
Total other income, net     2,918       4,461       5,096  
Income before income taxes     7,378       11,053       16,626  
(Benefit) provision for income taxes     (2,786 )      387       164  
Net income   $ 10,164     $ 10,666     $ 16,462  
Net income per share:
                          
Basic   $ 0.53     $ 0.51     $ 0.71  
Diluted   $ 0.53     $ 0.50     $ 0.69  
Weighted average shares outstanding:
                          
Basic     19,081       20,815       23,233  
Diluted     19,345       21,194       24,032  

 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

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STAMPS.COM INC.
  
STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(In Thousands)

             
             
    
Common Stock
  Additional
Paid-in
Capital
  Treasury
Stock
at Cost
  Accumulated
Deficit
  Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
  Total
     Shares   Amount
Balance at December 31, 2005     23,063       46       607,869       (3,737 )      (493,683 )      (555 )      109,940  
Comprehensive income:
                                                              
Net income                             16,462             16,462  
Unrealized gain on investments                                   29       29  
Comprehensive income                                                           16,491  
Stock-based compensation expense                 2,638                         2,638  
Exercise of stock options     654       1       7,619                         7,620  
Shares issued under the ESPP     56             538                         538  
Stock repurchase     (1,588 )                  (26,692 )                  (26,692 ) 
Balance at December 31, 2006     22,185       47       618,664       (30,429 )      (477,221 )      (526 )      110,535  
Comprehensive income:
                                                              
Net income                             10,666             10,666  
Unrealized gain on investments                                   432       432  
Comprehensive income                                                           11,098  
Stock-based compensation expense                 2,707                         2,707  
Exercise of stock options     133             933                         933  
Shares issued under the ESPP     43             477                         477  
Stock repurchase     (2,548 )                  (33,308 )                  (33,308 ) 
Balance at December 31, 2007     19,813     $ 47     $ 622,781     $ (63,737 )    $ (466,555 )    $ (94 )    $ 92,442  
Comprehensive income:
                                                              
Net income                             10,164             10,164  
Unrealized loss on investments                                   (1,418 )      (1,418 ) 
Comprehensive income                                                           8,746  
Stock-based compensation expense                 3,344                         3,344  
Exercise of stock options     45             336                         336  
Shares issued under the ESPP     39             349                         349  
Stock repurchase     (2,655 )                  (26,876 )                  (26,876 ) 
Balance at December 31, 2008     17,242     $ 47     $ 626,810     $ (90,613 )    $ (456,391 )    $ (1,512 )    $ 78,341  

 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

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STAMPS.COM INC.
  
STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In Thousands)

     
  2008   2007   2006
Operating activities:
                          
Net income   $ 10,164     $ 10,666     $ 16,462  
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
                          
Depreciation and amortization     1,928       3,047       2,937  
Stock-based compensation expense     3,344       2,707       2,638  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
                          
Trade accounts receivable     (443 )      (154 )      (234 ) 
Other accounts receivable     8       (538 )      (43 ) 
Other current assets     (1,937 )      (394 )      (817 ) 
Other assets     (96 )      53       (1,025 ) 
Deferred revenue     1,167       2,020       131  
Deferred income taxes     (3,671 )      0       0  
Accounts payable and accrued expenses     1,239       (524 )      2,369  
Net cash provided by operating activities     11,703       16,883       22,418  
Investing activities:
                          
Sale of short-term investments     29,035       57,952       34,475  
Purchase of short-term investments     (23,627 )      (34,347 )      (36,298 ) 
Sale of long-term investments     28,536       33,251       31,447  
Purchase of long-term investments     (9,689 )      (9,246 )      (40,717 ) 
Acquisition of property and equipment     (858 )      (668 )      (2,429 ) 
Proceeds from other investing activities                 610  
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities     23,397       46,942       (12,912 ) 
Financing activities:
                          
Proceeds from exercise of stock options     336       933       7,620  
Issuance of common stock under ESPP     349       477       538  
Repurchase of common stock     (26,876 )      (33,308 )      (26,692 ) 
Net cash used in financing activities     (26,191 )      (31,898 )      (18,534 ) 
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents     8,909       31,927       (9,028 ) 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period     43,667       11,740       20,768  
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period   $ 52,576     $ 43,667     $ 11,740  
Supplemental cash flow information:
                          
Income taxes paid during the period   $ 833     $ 354     $ 192  

 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

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STAMPS.COM INC.
  
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

1. Description of Business

Our core service allows customers to buy and print United States Postal Service (USPS) approved postage using any personal computer, an ordinary inkjet or laser printer, and an internet connection. Customers use our service to mail and ship a variety of mail pieces including postcards, envelopes, flats and packages, using a wide range of USPS mail classes including First Class Mail®, Priority Mail®, Express Mail®, Media Mail®, Parcel Post®, and others. Our customers include home businesses, small businesses, corporations and individuals. In 1999, we became the first ever USPS-licensed vendor to offer PC Postage® in a software-only business model. On August 10, 2004, we publicly launched a market test of PhotoStamps®, which allows consumers to turn digital photos, designs or images into valid US postage. We are currently under the fourth phase of the market test for PhotoStamps® with authorization from the USPS through May 16, 2009.

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Use of Estimates and Risk Management

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with US generally accepted accounting principles requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and the accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates, and such differences may be material to the financial statements. Examples include estimates of loss contingencies, promotional coupon redemptions and estimates regarding the useful lives of patents and other amortizable intangibles.

Contingencies and Litigation

We are involved in various litigation matters as a claimant and a defendant. We record any amounts recovered in these matters when received. We record liabilities for claims against us when the loss is probable and estimable. Amounts recorded are based on reviews by outside counsel, in-house counsel and management. Actual results could differ from estimates.

Cash Equivalents and Investments

We consider all highly liquid investments with an original or remaining maturity of three months or less at the date of purchase to be cash equivalents.

Our cash equivalents and investments consist of money market, U.S. government obligations, asset-backed securities and public corporate debt securities at December 31, 2008 and 2007. All investments are classified as available for sale and are recorded at market value using the specific identification method. Realized gains and losses are reflected in other income, net while unrealized gains and losses are included as a separate component of stockholders’ equity.

Trade Accounts Receivable

Our trade accounts receivable primarily relate to PC Postage services, PhotoStamps sales and branded insurance provided to customers prior to billing. Trade accounts receivable, net of allowances for uncollectible accounts of $31,325 and $15,562 as of December 31, 2008 and 2007, respectively, were approximately $2,962,000 and $2,519,000 as of December 31, 2008 and 2007, respectively.

We evaluate the collectibility of our accounts receivable based on a combination of factors. If we become aware of a customer’s inability to meet its financial obligations, an allowance is recorded to reduce the net receivable to the amount reasonably believed to be collectible from the customer. For all other customers, we recognize allowances for doubtful accounts based on the length of time the receivables are past due, the current business environment and our historical experience. If the financial condition of our customers were to deteriorate, resulting in their inability to make payments, additional provisions are recorded in that period.

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STAMPS.COM INC.
  
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies  – (continued)

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

Carrying amounts of certain of our financial instruments, including cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash, accounts receivable, notes receivable, accrued payroll, and other accrued liabilities, approximate fair value due to their short maturities. The fair values of investments are determined using quoted market prices for those securities or similar financial instruments.

Concentration of Risk

Our cash, cash equivalents and investments are subject to market risk, primarily interest rate and credit risk. Our investments are managed by a limited number of outside professional managers within investment guidelines set by us. Such guidelines include security type, credit quality and maturity and are intended to limit market risk by restricting our investments. From time to time, our investments held with financial institutions may exceed Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation insurance limits. Interest rate fluctuations and changes in credit ratings impact the carrying value of the portfolio.

During 2008, 2007, 2006 and 2005 we did not recognize revenue from any one customer that represented 10% or more of revenues.

As of December 31, 2008 and 2007, we did not have trade accounts receivable from any one customer that represented 10% or more of the total trade accounts receivable balance.

Property and Equipment

Property and equipment are stated at cost. Depreciation and amortization are computed principally on a straight-line method over the estimated useful life of the asset, ranging from three to five years. We have a policy of capitalizing expenditures that materially increase assets’ useful lives and charging ordinary maintenance and repairs to operations as incurred. When property or equipment is disposed of, the cost and related accumulated depreciation and amortization are removed from the accounts, and any gain or loss is included in operations.

Trademarks and Patents

Acquired trademarks, patents and other intangibles are included in intangible assets, net in the accompanying balance sheets and are carried at cost less accumulated amortization. Cost associated with internally developed intangible assets is typically expensed as incurred as research and development costs.

Amortization is calculated on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the assets, ranging from 4 to 17 years. During 2008, 2007 and 2006, amortization expense including the amortization of trademarks and patents, was approximately $367,000, $1.1 million and $1.1 million, respectively.

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets and Intangibles

Long-lived assets are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. Recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of an asset to future net cash flows expected to be generated by the asset. If such assets are considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized is measured by the amount by which the carrying amount of the assets exceeds the fair value of the assets. Assets to be disposed of are reported at the lower of the carrying amount or fair value less costs to sell.

Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) No. 142 requires that goodwill and intangible assets that have indefinite useful lives not be amortized but, instead, tested at least annually for impairment while intangible assets that have finite useful lives continue to be amortized over their respective useful lives.

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STAMPS.COM INC.
  
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies  – (continued)

Under SFAS No. 142, goodwill and other intangibles are tested for impairment using a two-step process. The first step is to determine the fair value of the reporting unit, which may be calculated using a discounted cash flow methodology, and compare this value to its carrying value. If the fair value exceeds the carrying value, no further work is required and no impairment loss would be recognized. The second step is an allocation of the fair value of the reporting unit to all of the reporting unit's assets and liabilities under a hypothetical purchase price allocation. Based on the annual evaluations performed by us, there was no impairment during the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007, or 2006.

Deferred Revenue

We sell gift cards for our PhotoStamps product to our customers through our website and selected third parties. Proceeds from the sale of gift cards are initially recorded as a liability when received. We record the liability for outstanding gift cards in deferred revenue.

Revenue Recognition

We recognize revenue from product sales or services rendered, as well as from licensing the use of our software and intellectual property, when the following four revenue recognition criteria are met: persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred or services have been rendered, the selling price is fixed or determinable, and collectibility is reasonably assured.

Service revenue is based on monthly convenience fees and is recognized in the period that services are provided. Product sales, net of return allowances, are recorded when the products are shipped and title passes to customers. Sales of items, including PhotoStamps, sold to customers are made pursuant to a sales contract that provides for transfer of both title and risk of loss upon our delivery to the carrier. Return allowances for expected product returns, which reduce product revenue, are estimated using historical experience. We recognize licensing revenue ratably over the contract period. Commissions from the advertising or sale of products by a third party vendor to our customer base are recognized when the revenue is earned and collection is deemed probable.

Customers pay face value for postage purchased for use through our NetStamps, shipping label or mailing features, and the funds are transferred directly from the customers to the USPS. We do not recognize revenue for this postage as it is purchased by our customers directly from the USPS.

PhotoStamps revenue includes the price of postage and is made pursuant to a sales contract that provides for transfer of both title and risk of loss upon our delivery to the carrier.

On a limited basis, we allow third parties to offer products and promotions to our customer base. These arrangements generally provide payment in the form of a flat fee or revenue sharing arrangements where we receive payment upon customers accessing third party products and services. Total revenue from such advertising arrangements was immaterial during the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007 and 2006.

We provide our customers with the opportunity to purchase parcel insurance directly through our software. Insurance revenue represents the gross amount charged to the customer for purchasing insurance and the related cost represents the amount paid to the insurance broker, Parcel Insurance Plan. We recognize revenue on insurance purchases upon the ship date of the insured package.

Revenue from gift cards, which is recognized at the time of redemption, is currently immaterial to our financial statements. Because we do not yet have meaningful historical data upon which to base estimates for gift cards that will never be redeemed (“breakage”), we have not recorded any breakage income related to our gift card program.

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STAMPS.COM INC.
  
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies  – (continued)

Cost of Revenue

Cost of revenue principally consists of the cost of customer service, certain promotional expenses, system operating costs, credit card processing fees, the cost of postage for PhotoStamps, image review, printing and fulfillment costs for PhotoStamps, parcel insurance offering costs, customer misprints and products sold through our Supplies Store and the related costs of shipping and handling.

Promotional Expense

New PC Postage customers are offered promotional items that are redeemed using coupons that are qualified for redemption after a customer is successfully billed beyond an initial trial period. This includes free postage and a free digital scale and is expensed in the period in which a customer qualifies using estimated redemption rates based on historical data. Promotional expense, which is included in cost of service, is incurred as customers qualify and thereby may not correlate directly with changes in revenue as the revenue associated with the acquired customer is earned over the customer's lifetime.

Research and Development Costs

Research and development costs are expensed as incurred. These costs primarily consist of compensation for personnel involved in the development of our services, depreciation of equipment and software and expenditures for consulting services and third party software.

Sales and Marketing

Sales and marketing expense primarily consist of discretionary spending to acquire new customers and compensation and related expenses for personnel engaged in marketing and business development activities.

Advertising Costs

We expense the costs of producing advertisements as incurred, and expense the costs of communicating and placing the advertising in the period in which the advertising space or airtime is used. For the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007, and 2006, advertising and tradeshow costs were $4.3 million, $2.2 million, and $3.2 million, respectively.

Internet Advertising

We recognize Internet advertising expense based on the specifics of the individual agreements. Under partner and affiliate agreements, third parties refer prospects to our web site and we pay the third parties when the customer completes the customer registration process, completes the first purchase or in some cases, upon the first successful billing of a customer. We record these expenses on a monthly basis as prospects are successfully converted to customers.

General and Administrative

General and administrative expense principally consists of compensation and related costs for executive and administrative personnel, fees for legal and other professional services, depreciation of equipment and software used for general corporate purposes and amortization of intangible assets.

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STAMPS.COM INC.
  
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies  – (continued)

Net Income Per Share

Net income per share represents net income attributable to common stockholders divided by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during a reported period. The diluted net income per share reflects the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue common stock, including stock options, were exercised or converted into common stock. Diluted net income per share is calculated by dividing net income during a reported period by the sum of the weighted average number of common shares outstanding plus common stock equivalents for the period. The following table reconciles share amounts utilized to calculate basic and diluted net income per share (in thousands, except per share data):

     
  Year Ended December 31,
     2008   2007   2006
Net income   $ 10,164     $ 10,666     $ 16,462  
Basic – weighted average common shares     19,081       20,815       23,233  
Diluted effect of common stock equivalents     264       379       799  
Diluted – weighted average common shares     19,345       21,194       24,032  
Net income per share:
                          
Basic   $ 0.53     $ 0.51     $ 0.71  
Diluted   $ 0.53     $ 0.50     $ 0.69  

The calculation of dilutive shares excludes the effect of the following options that are considered anti-dilutive (in thousands):

     
  Year Ended December 31,
     2008   2007   2006
Anti-dilutive stock options shares     2,642       2,230       557  

Stock-Based Compensation

We account for stock-based awards to employees and directors pursuant to Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) No. 123 (revised 2004), “Share-Based Payment” (SFAS 123R), and related Securities and Exchange Commission rules included in Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 107 (SAB 107). SFAS 123R requires us to estimate the fair value of share-based payment awards on the date of grant using an option-pricing model and to recognize stock-based compensation expense during each period based on the value of that portion of share-based payment awards that is ultimately expected to vest during the period, reduced for estimated forfeitures. SFAS 123R requires forfeitures to be estimated at the time of grant and revised, if necessary, in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates. Compensation expense recognized for all employee stock options granted is recognized using the straight-line single method over their respective vesting periods of three to five years.

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STAMPS.COM INC.
  
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies  – (continued)

The following table sets forth the stock-based compensation expense that we recognized under SFAS 123R for the periods indicated (in thousands):

     
  2008   2007   2006
Stock-based compensation expense relating to:
                          
Employee and director stock options   $ 3,220     $ 2,623     $ 1,828  
Employee stock purchases     124       84       810  
Total stock-based compensation expense   $ 3,344     $ 2,707     $ 2,638  
Stock-based compensation expense relating to:
                          
Cost of revenues   $ 289     $ 291     $ 325  
Sales and marketing     754       495       336  
Research and development     631       617       799  
General and administrative     1,670       1,304       1,178  
Total stock-based compensation expense   $ 3,344     $ 2,707     $ 2,638  

In our SFAS 123R calculations, we use the Black-Scholes option valuation model, which requires us to make a number of highly complex and subjective assumptions, including stock price volatility, expected term, risk-free interest rates and actual and projected employee stock option exercise behaviors. For options granted, our assumption of expected volatility was based on the historical volatility of our stock price for the period January 1, 2004 through the date of option grant. We base the risk-free interest rate on U.S. Treasury zero-coupon issues with a remaining term equal to the expected life assumed at the date of grant. The estimated expected life represents the weighted-average period the stock options are expected to remain outstanding and has been determined based on an analysis of historical exercise behavior.

The following are the weighted average assumptions used in the Black-Scholes valuation model for the periods indicated:

     
  2008   2007   2006
Expected dividend yield                  
Risk-free interest rate     2.90 %      4.45 %      4.74 % 
Expected volatility     51 %      48 %      49 % 
Expected life (in years)     5       5       5  
Expected forfeiture rate     17 %      16 %      15 % 

The following table summarizes stock option activity related to our 1999 Stock Incentive Plan for 2008:

       
  Number of
Stock Options
(in Thousands)
  Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
  Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Life (in Years)
  Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
(in Thousands)
Outstanding at December 31, 2007     3,091     $ 16.17                    
Granted     528       11.36                    
Exercised     (45 )      7.49                    
Forfeited or expired     (288 )      16.48              
Balance at December 31, 2008     3,286       15.48       6.5     $ 1,895  
Exercisable at December 31, 2008     2,083     $ 16.77       5.1     $ 1,804  

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STAMPS.COM INC.
  
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies  – (continued)

The aggregate intrinsic value in the table above represents the total pretax intrinsic value, based on our closing stock price of $9.83 at December 31, 2008, representing the last trading day of 2008, which would have been received by award holders had all award holders exercised their awards that were in-the-money as of that date.

The weighted average grant date fair value of options granted during the 2008, 2007 and 2006 were $5.28, $6.56 and $13.41 respectively. The total intrinsic value of options exercised during 2008, 2007 and 2006 were approximately $275,000, $769,000 and $11.5 million, respectively.

The following table summarizes the status of our nonvested stock options as of December 31, 2008:

   
  Nonvested
Number of
Stock Options
(in Thousands)
  Weighted
Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
Nonvested at December 31, 2007     1,262     $ 7.18  
Granted     528       5.28  
Vested     (429 )      7.45  
Forfeited     (158 )      6.88  
Nonvested at December 31, 2008     1,203     $ 6.29  

As of December 31, 2008, there was approximately $7.4 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to nonvested share-based compensation arrangements, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 2.7 years.

Treasury Stock

During 2008, 2007 and 2006, we repurchased approximately 2.7 million shares for $26.9 million, 2.5 million shares for $33.3 million and 1.6 million shares for $26.7 million, respectively.

Segment Information

SFAS No. 131, “Disclosures about Segments of an Enterprise and Related Information” establishes standards of reporting information regarding operating segments in annual financial statements and requires selected information for those segments to be presented in interim financial reports issued to stockholders. We operate in a single segment.

Website Development Costs

We develop and maintain our website. Costs associated with the operation of our website consist primarily of software and hardware purchased from third parties, and the costs are capitalized based on our capitalization policy. These capitalized costs are amortized based on their estimated useful life. Costs related to the maintenance and development of our website are expensed as incurred.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In December 2007, the FASB issued Financial Statement Position No. 141 (revised 2007), “Business Combinations” (FSP SFAS 141(R)). The fundamental requirements of using the acquisition method of accounting (which SFAS 141 called the purchase method) for all business combinations, identifying an acquirer for each business combination, and identifying and recognizing intangible assets separately from goodwill remain unchanged by the standard. The new requirements of the standard include: recognizing assets acquired, liabilities assumed, and any noncontrolling interest in the acquiree at the acquisition date, measured at their fair values as of that date; recognizing the identifiable assets and liabilities, as well as the noncontrolling interest in the acquiree in a step acquisition at the full amounts of their fair values; recognizing acquisition-related and restructuring costs separately from the acquisition itself; and recognizing a gain by the

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STAMPS.COM INC.
  
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies  – (continued)

acquirer when total acquisition-date fair value of the identifiable net assets acquired exceeds the fair value of the consideration transferred plus any noncontrolling interest in the acquiree. SFAS 141(R) applies prospectively to business combinations for which the acquisition date is on or after the beginning of the first annual reporting period beginning on or after December 15, 2008. SFAS 141(R) is effective for the Company for transactions consummated during annual periods beginning after December 15, 2008. Earlier adoption is prohibited. SFAS 141 (R) also amends FASB Statement No. 109, “Accounting for Income Taxes” (SFAS 109), such that the effects of changes to deferred tax asset valuation allowances established in purchase price allocations are reported directly as a reduction of income tax expense. After SFAS 141(R) is adopted, all changes to tax uncertainties and deferred tax asset valuation allowances established in purchase accounting, should be recognized in accordance with the amended requirements of SFAS 109, even if the combination occurred prior to the effective date of SFAS 141 (R). We do not anticipate the adoption of FSP SFAS 141(R) will have a material impact to our financial statements.

In April 2008, the FASB issued Financial Statement Position No. SFAS 142-3, “Determination of the Useful Life of Intangible Assets” (FSP SFAS 142-3). FSP SFAS 142-3 amends the factors that should be considered in developing renewal or extension assumptions used to determine the useful life of a recognized intangible asset under SFAS No. 142, “Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets” (SFAS 142). The intent of FSP SFAS 142-3 is to improve the consistency between the useful life of a recognized intangible asset under SFAS 142 and the period of expected cash flows used to measure the fair value of the asset under SFAS No. 141(R) and other applicable accounting literature. FSP SFAS 142-3 is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008 and must be applied prospectively to intangible assets acquired after the effective date. We do not anticipate the adoption of FSP SFAS 142-3 will have a material impact on our financial statements.

In October 2008, the FASB issued Financial Statement Position No. SFAS 157-3, “Determining the Fair Value of a Financial Assets When the Market for That Asset is Not Active” (FSP SFAS 157-3). FSP SFAS 157-3 clarifies the application of FASB Statement No. 157, “Fair Value Measurements”, in a market that is not active and provides an example to illustrate key consideration in determining the fair value of a financial asset when the market for that financial asset is not active. FSP SFAS 157-3 is effective upon issuance and its adoption did not have a material impact on our financial statements.

3. Intangible Assets

Our intangible assets consist of patents, trademarks and other intellectual property with a gross carrying value of $8.3 million as of December 31, 2008 and 2007 and accumulated amortization of approximately $7.8 million and $7.4 million as of December 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively. The expected useful lives of our amortizable intangible assets range from 4 to 17 years. During 2008, we assessed whether events or changes in circumstances occurred that could potentially indicate that the carrying amount of our intangible assets may not be recoverable. We concluded that there were no such events or changes in circumstances during 2008 and determined that the fair value of our intangible assets were in excess of their carrying value as of December 31, 2008. Aggregate amortization expense on patents and trademarks was approximately $367,000, $1.1 million and $1.1 million for the years ended December 31, 2008, 2007 and 2006, respectively.

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STAMPS.COM INC.
  
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

4. Cash, Cash Equivalents and Investments

The following table summarizes our cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and investments as of December 31, 2008 and 2007 (in thousands):

       
  December 31, 2008
     Cost or
Amortized
Cost
  Gross
Unrealized
Gains
  Gross
Unrealized
Losses
  Estimated
Fair Value
Cash and cash equivalents:
                                   
Cash   $ 6,762     $     $     $ 6,762  
Money market     45,814                   45,814  
Cash and cash equivalents     52,576                   52,576  
Restricted cash:
                                   
Corporate notes and bonds     554                   554  
Restricted cash     554                   554  
Short-term investments:
                                   
Corporate notes and bonds     14,285             (48 )      14,237  
U.S. Government and agency securities     2,002             (4 )      1,998  
Short-term investments     16,287             (52 )      16,235  
Long-term investments:
                                   
Corporate bonds and asset backed securities     6,154             (1,460 )      4,694  
U.S. Government and agency securities                        
Long-term investments     6,154             (1,460 )      4,694  
Cash and equivalents, restricted cash and investments   $ 75,571             (1,512 )    $ 74,059  

       
  December 31, 2007
     Cost or
Amortized
Cost
  Gross
Unrealized
Gains
  Gross
Unrealized
Losses
  Estimated
Fair Value
Cash and cash equivalents:
                                   
Cash   $ 7,784     $     $     $ 7,784  
Money market     35,883                   35,883  
Cash and cash equivalents     43,667                   43,667  
Restricted cash:
                                   
Corporate notes and bonds     554                   554  
Restricted cash     554